Central asia regional assessment on decentralization
Download
1 / 18

Central Asia Regional Assessment on Decentralization - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 340 Views
  • Uploaded on

Central Asia Regional Assessment on Decentralization. Glen Wright FDI Workshop Istanbul November 29-30, 2006. Governance Indicators. Governance Indicators. Governance Indicators. Governance Indicators. Governance Indicators. Governance Indicators. Governance Indicators.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Central Asia Regional Assessment on Decentralization' - PamelaLan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Central asia regional assessment on decentralization l.jpg

Central Asia Regional Assessment on Decentralization

Glen Wright

FDI Workshop

Istanbul

November 29-30, 2006








Governance indicators8 l.jpg
Governance Indicators

Bertelsmann Transformation Index

Ranking Ranking

2003 2006

Kazakhstan 61 66

Kyrgyzstan 69 78

Tajikistan 100 102

Uzbekistan 93 103


Obstacles to decentralized system l.jpg
Obstacles to Decentralized System

  • Legacy of Soviet Communist Party System

  • Sudden Soviet Collapse

  • Rising Nationalism/Ethnic/Religious Fundamentalism

  • Local Loyalties/Clans/Ethnic Mix


Legal frameworks l.jpg
Legal Frameworks

  • Kyrgyzstan

    • Basic Framework with contradictions

    • Failure to Implement

    • New effort/State Commissions

    • New Budget Structure Proposed 2007

    • Issues

      Admin-Territorial Division

      Functional Assignments

      Intergovernmental Transfer Formula


Legal frameworks11 l.jpg
Legal Frameworks

  • Tajikistan

    • Outdated legal framework from 1990s

    • Public Administration Reform Strategy

    • Presidential Working Groups

    • Issues

      • Role of Jamoat

      • Law on Local Government


Legal frameworks12 l.jpg
Legal Frameworks

  • Kazakhstan

    • Framework from Early 1990s

    • Power of Akim

    • Weak Maslihkat Councils

    • Issues

      • Transformation of Central Apparatus

      • Drafting of New Local Government Framework


Legal frameworks13 l.jpg
Legal Frameworks

  • Uzbekistan

    • Framework from Early 1990s

    • Strong Central Apparatus

    • Khokim Control

    • Role of Mahallas

    • Issues

      • Transformation of Central Apparatus


Functional assignments l.jpg
Functional Assignments

  • Common Problems of the CA Countries

    • Dichotomy of Laws and Realities

    • Confused Assignments to Each Tier

    • Size of Local Units

    • Kyrgyzstan/Tajikistan

      • Some Progress Through Donor Support

    • Kazakhstan/Uzbekistan

      • Little Progress or Interest


Financial resources l.jpg
Financial Resources

  • Common Problems of the CA Countries

    • Many Sources/Little Fiscal Capacity

    • Central Control Over Tax Rates and Base

    • Reliance on Shared Taxes

    • Unstable Revenue Allocations

    • Poor Tax Administration Capacity

    • Little Progress in Any of the CA Countries


Intergovernmental transfers l.jpg
Intergovernmental Transfers

  • Common Problems of the CA Countries

    • Continued System of Bargaining/Negotiation

    • Budget Balancing Main Objective

    • No Objective or Equalizing Formula Criteria

    • Some Progress in Kyrgyzstan


Local government associations l.jpg
Local Government Associations

  • Kyrgyzstan

    • Association from Mid-1990s

    • 2 Main Associations Presently

    • Active in Policy Development

  • Tajikistan

    • Association of Small Cities

  • Kazakhstan/Uzbekistan

    • Difficult Environment for NGOs

    • Strength of Akims


Fdi potential support areas l.jpg
FDI Potential Support Areas

  • Support for Policy Analysis Development

  • Local Government Professional Associations


ad