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Celtic Religion & Mythology Celtic 131 – Celtic Civilization I. Celtic Religion & Mythology. I Interpretatio Romana II Local/Tribal Gods & Votive Offerings III Druids A. Caesar’s Description B. Calendar of Coligny C. Lindow Man IV Celtic Gods A. Polytheistic

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Celtic religion mythology celtic 131 celtic civilization i l.jpg

Celtic Religion & MythologyCeltic 131 – Celtic Civilization I


Celtic religion mythology l.jpg

Celtic Religion & Mythology

I Interpretatio Romana

II Local/Tribal Gods & Votive Offerings

III Druids

A. Caesar’s Description

B. Calendar of Coligny

C. Lindow Man

IV Celtic Gods

A. Polytheistic

B. Nature of Gods & Otherworld

C. Some Celtic Gods

D. Gundestrup Cauldron


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I Interpretatio Romana


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I Interpretatio Romana


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II Local/Tribal Gods & Votive Offerings


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e.g. the source of the Seine, 190 pieces of woodcarvings dating ca. 1st cent. AD & more than 20 complete statues


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e.g. Battersea Shield, River Thames


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III DruidsA. Caesar’s Description


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III DruidsB. Calendar of Coligny


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III DruidsC. Lindow Man


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III DruidsC. Lindow Man cont’d


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IV Celtic GodsC. Some Celtic Gods

  • Cernunnos “the horned one”, Gaulish

    • Lord of the animals, god of the hunt perhaps

    • Almost always cross legged

    • Attributes – horns, torc (around neck/in hand), & serpent


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IV Celtic GodsC. Some Celtic Gods cont’d

  • Taranis “the thunderer”, Gaulish

    • Depicted with wheel/spiral

  • Vulcan – the divine smith, Roman/Gaulish (Goibniu in Irish/ Gofannon in Welsh)

    • iron/metal-worker, magical properties

  • Teutates – “god of the tribe”, Gaulish


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IV Celtic GodsC. Some Celtic Gods cont’d

  • Epona – horse goddess, Gaulish (& Roman)

  • Matres/Matronae – Gaulish, perhaps divine earth-mother

    • Often depicted in group of 3 with images of fertility (baskets, babies, cornicopia)

    • Probably very old in origin


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IV Celtic GodsD. Gundestrup Cauldron


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IV Celtic GodsD. Gundestrup Cauldron cont’d

Cernunnos


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IV Celtic GodsD. Gundestrup Cauldron cont’d

Taranis


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IV Celtic GodsD. Gundestrup Cauldron cont’d

Teutates


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