bat and bep for dioxins furans barbados country presentation
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
BAT and BEP for Dioxins & Furans Barbados Country Presentation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

BAT and BEP for Dioxins Furans - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 434 Views
  • Uploaded on

BAT and BEP for Dioxins & Furans Barbados Country Presentation. by Thérèse N. Yarde Environmental Protection Department Ministry of Housing, Lands and the Environment Barbados. Barbados. Most easterly Caribbean island Area: 166 sq. miles, 431 sq. km Population: ~280,000

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'BAT and BEP for Dioxins Furans' - PamelaLan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
bat and bep for dioxins furans barbados country presentation

BAT and BEP for Dioxins & FuransBarbados Country Presentation

by Thérèse N. Yarde

Environmental Protection Department

Ministry of Housing, Lands and the Environment

Barbados

barbados
Barbados
  • Most easterly Caribbean island
  • Area: 166 sq. miles, 431 sq. km
  • Population: ~280,000
  • Tropical climate
  • Main industry: tourism
  • Main agricultural product: sugar cane
  • No air quality control/emission standards
convention implementation
Convention Implementation
  • Ratified June 2004
  • UNEP/GEF Pilot Project for the development of National Implementation Plans for the Stockholm Convention
  • Environmental Protection Department (EPD) is focal point for the Convention and implementing agency for the Project
project progress
Project Progress
  • National Profile completed
  • Inventories completed
    • Pesticides
    • PCBs
    • Dioxins and furans
  • Impact Appraisal completed
    • Identifies impacts of implementing the Convention nationally
    • Assesses Convention requirements and recommends/prioritizes necessary regulatory, legal, technical and administrative interventions to meet the requirements
  • NIP being prepared
dioxins and furans inventory
Dioxins and Furans Inventory
  • Total releases
    • 49.0 g TEQ
  • Emissions to air
    • 44.6 g TEQ
  • Main source categories
    • Waste incineration (87%)
    • Uncontrolled combustion processes (10%)
source categories
Source Categories
  • Waste Incineration
    • Municipal solid waste incineration
    • Medical waste incineration
    • Combustion of animal carcasses
  • Metal production
    • Thermal wire reclamation
source categories7
Source Categories
  • Power Generation and Heating
    • Fossil fuel power plants
    • Biomass power plants
    • Household cooking (biomass)
    • Household cooking (fossil fuels)
  • Production of Mineral Products
    • Cement production
    • Lime production
    • Brick production
    • Ceramics production
    • Asphalt mixing
source categories8
Source Categories
  • Transport
    • 4-stroke engines
    • 2-stroke engines
    • Diesel engines
    • Heavy fuel oil engines
  • Uncontrolled Combustion
    • Biomass burning
    • Waste burning and accidental fires
source categories9
Source Categories
  • Miscellaneous
    • Crematoria
    • Dry Cleaning
    • Tobacco smoking
  • Disposal/Landfill
    • Landfill and waste dumps
    • Sewage/sewage treatment
    • Composting
    • Waste oil disposal (non-thermal)
bat bep status by category
BAT/BEP Status by Category
  • Waste Incineration
    • Generally low technology (classes 1 or 2)
    • Most operators untrained
    • No proper disposal of residues
    • Opportunities for waste minimization
  • Thermal Wire Recovery
    • Done in open air, directly on the ground
    • Should be prohibited
bat bep status by category11
BAT/BEP Status by Category
  • Power Generation & Heating
    • Use light fuel oil, natural gas, heavy fuel oils, biomass (bagasse)
    • Use of bagasse for power generation is important to sugar industry, and may be expanded (fuel cane)
    • Fossil fuel quality has not been investigated
    • Combustion technology and process efficiency for biomass combustion could probably be improved
    • Reduce use of painted/treated wood for outdoor cooking
bat bep status by category12
BAT/BEP Status by Category
  • Mineral Production
    • Cement kiln does not fire hazardous waste
  • Transport
    • Fuels used are diesel and unleaded gasoline
    • No information on use of catalytic converters and diesel particular filters
    • Fuel consumption information not generally available
bat bep status by category13
BAT/BEP Status by Category
  • Uncontrolled Burning
    • Waste burning is a common practice
    • Prohibitions and/or public awareness needed
objectives
Objectives
  • To upgrade and improve the operation and management of incinerators
  • To improve emissions control in industrial facilities
  • To control spontaneous burning at the landfill
  • To regulate vehicular emissions
  • To eliminate household burning as a waste disposal method
challenges
Challenges
  • Economic considerations with respect to:
    • Retrofitting incinerators with emissions control
    • Installing new incinerators
  • Technical capacity
    • Operations and maintenance of incinerators
  • Regulatory Control
    • Controlling types of waste incinerated
    • Monitoring for compliance with emissions standards
  • Administrative Issues
    • Lack of data
    • Absence of record-keeping
ad