Bat and bep for dioxins furans barbados country presentation
Download
1 / 15

BAT and BEP for Dioxins Furans - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 433 Views
  • Updated On :

BAT and BEP for Dioxins & Furans Barbados Country Presentation. by Thérèse N. Yarde Environmental Protection Department Ministry of Housing, Lands and the Environment Barbados. Barbados. Most easterly Caribbean island Area: 166 sq. miles, 431 sq. km Population: ~280,000

Related searches for BAT and BEP for Dioxins Furans

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'BAT and BEP for Dioxins Furans' - PamelaLan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Bat and bep for dioxins furans barbados country presentation l.jpg

BAT and BEP for Dioxins & FuransBarbados Country Presentation

by Thérèse N. Yarde

Environmental Protection Department

Ministry of Housing, Lands and the Environment

Barbados


Barbados l.jpg
Barbados

  • Most easterly Caribbean island

  • Area: 166 sq. miles, 431 sq. km

  • Population: ~280,000

  • Tropical climate

  • Main industry: tourism

  • Main agricultural product: sugar cane

  • No air quality control/emission standards


Convention implementation l.jpg
Convention Implementation

  • Ratified June 2004

  • UNEP/GEF Pilot Project for the development of National Implementation Plans for the Stockholm Convention

  • Environmental Protection Department (EPD) is focal point for the Convention and implementing agency for the Project


Project progress l.jpg
Project Progress

  • National Profile completed

  • Inventories completed

    • Pesticides

    • PCBs

    • Dioxins and furans

  • Impact Appraisal completed

    • Identifies impacts of implementing the Convention nationally

    • Assesses Convention requirements and recommends/prioritizes necessary regulatory, legal, technical and administrative interventions to meet the requirements

  • NIP being prepared


Dioxins and furans inventory l.jpg
Dioxins and Furans Inventory

  • Total releases

    • 49.0 g TEQ

  • Emissions to air

    • 44.6 g TEQ

  • Main source categories

    • Waste incineration (87%)

    • Uncontrolled combustion processes (10%)


Source categories l.jpg
Source Categories

  • Waste Incineration

    • Municipal solid waste incineration

    • Medical waste incineration

    • Combustion of animal carcasses

  • Metal production

    • Thermal wire reclamation


Source categories7 l.jpg
Source Categories

  • Power Generation and Heating

    • Fossil fuel power plants

    • Biomass power plants

    • Household cooking (biomass)

    • Household cooking (fossil fuels)

  • Production of Mineral Products

    • Cement production

    • Lime production

    • Brick production

    • Ceramics production

    • Asphalt mixing


Source categories8 l.jpg
Source Categories

  • Transport

    • 4-stroke engines

    • 2-stroke engines

    • Diesel engines

    • Heavy fuel oil engines

  • Uncontrolled Combustion

    • Biomass burning

    • Waste burning and accidental fires


Source categories9 l.jpg
Source Categories

  • Miscellaneous

    • Crematoria

    • Dry Cleaning

    • Tobacco smoking

  • Disposal/Landfill

    • Landfill and waste dumps

    • Sewage/sewage treatment

    • Composting

    • Waste oil disposal (non-thermal)


Bat bep status by category l.jpg
BAT/BEP Status by Category

  • Waste Incineration

    • Generally low technology (classes 1 or 2)

    • Most operators untrained

    • No proper disposal of residues

    • Opportunities for waste minimization

  • Thermal Wire Recovery

    • Done in open air, directly on the ground

    • Should be prohibited


Bat bep status by category11 l.jpg
BAT/BEP Status by Category

  • Power Generation & Heating

    • Use light fuel oil, natural gas, heavy fuel oils, biomass (bagasse)

    • Use of bagasse for power generation is important to sugar industry, and may be expanded (fuel cane)

    • Fossil fuel quality has not been investigated

    • Combustion technology and process efficiency for biomass combustion could probably be improved

    • Reduce use of painted/treated wood for outdoor cooking


Bat bep status by category12 l.jpg
BAT/BEP Status by Category

  • Mineral Production

    • Cement kiln does not fire hazardous waste

  • Transport

    • Fuels used are diesel and unleaded gasoline

    • No information on use of catalytic converters and diesel particular filters

    • Fuel consumption information not generally available


Bat bep status by category13 l.jpg
BAT/BEP Status by Category

  • Uncontrolled Burning

    • Waste burning is a common practice

    • Prohibitions and/or public awareness needed


Objectives l.jpg
Objectives

  • To upgrade and improve the operation and management of incinerators

  • To improve emissions control in industrial facilities

  • To control spontaneous burning at the landfill

  • To regulate vehicular emissions

  • To eliminate household burning as a waste disposal method


Challenges l.jpg
Challenges

  • Economic considerations with respect to:

    • Retrofitting incinerators with emissions control

    • Installing new incinerators

  • Technical capacity

    • Operations and maintenance of incinerators

  • Regulatory Control

    • Controlling types of waste incinerated

    • Monitoring for compliance with emissions standards

  • Administrative Issues

    • Lack of data

    • Absence of record-keeping


ad