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BUDDHISM. BACKGROUND (NOT IN BOOK) THREE “OFFSHOOTS” OF HINDUISM JANISM- SIKHISM- BUDDHISM- MOST IMPORTANT. B. Compared to other Religions 1. Third Largest Behind Christianity and Islam 2. Third Oldest Behind Hinduism and Judaism. II. ORIGINS (vague) 563 B.C.E. (6 th century)

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B. Compared to other Religions

1. Third Largest

Behind Christianity and Islam

2. Third Oldest

Behind Hinduism and Judaism


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II. ORIGINS (vague)

  • 563 B.C.E. (6th century)

  • India (no community today)

    C. Founder: Siddartha Gautama


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III. CONTRAST:

HINDUISMBUDDHISM

  • CASTE SYSTEM DENIES STATUS- ?

  • BELIEF IN GOD(S) NO HELP IF EXIST-

  • NEED FOR SAMSARA CHANGE ANYTIME-

  • SUBMIT TO FATE CONTROL OF SELF-


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LEGEND OF THE “FOUNDER” (MEANING)

A.BORN POLITICAL CASTE PRIVILAGED

B. ROLE OF FATHER

C. SHELTERED FROM “EVIL” OF THE

WORLD (PAIN OF NORMAL LIFE)

D. DID NOT INTEND TO BEGIN NEW

RELIGION


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E. CONVERSION EXPERIENCE

“THE FOUR SIGHTS”

1. Old Man-

2. Sick Man-

3. Dead Man-

4. Peaceful Monk-


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F. LEFT FAMILY TO SEARCH FOR

_____?________.

G. WHY WAS LEAVING FAMILY NORMAL?

H. LIVED LIFE OF “ASCETIC” (DEF. SELF

DENIAL FOR PERSONAL SPIRITUAL

DEVELOPMENT.)

*Did not work for him.


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  • Used Meditation to find peace

    *Buddha= “Enlightened One”

  • TAUGHT “FOUR SACRED TRUTHS”

    (list from text)

    K. PRACTICED “EIGHT FOLD PATH”

    (list from text)


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