Vitamin A Deficiency By Caroline Delori and Shira Lipsky Malnutrition Millions of mothers and children die each day from malnutrition. 83% of children die due to mild or moderate malnourishment. 1/3 rd of world’s population is micronutrient deficient
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By Caroline Delori
and Shira Lipsky
VA is most beneficial for infants, young children, pregnant and lactating mothers.
VA programs have shown to impact
Other infectionsWhat is VA good for?
Region VA At Risk VA Affected (Xerophthalmia)
Africa 52 1.0
Americas 16 0.1
South East Asia 125 1.5
Eastern Mediterranean 16 0.1
Western Pacific 42 0.1
Total (millions) 251 2.8
0-6 mo. 25, 000 IU every 4 weeks
6-11 mo. 100, 000 IU every 3-6 mo.
1-6 yrs. 200, 000 IU every 3-6 mo.
Pregnant women 10, 000 IU every day during gestation
Lactating mothers200, 000 IU once
www.jsi.com/intl/omni/sugr_pt1/htm and lactating mothers.
Which program would be most effective in the country you selected for your MCH proposal? Discuss the issues involved in implementing a program solution. Use the list of pros and cons.
based on; age, gender, urban, rural, agriculture, socioeconomic
Summary of cost-effectiveness of three VA interventions in Guatemala, 1991.
Program Persons reached High-risk person reached
Fortification 0.287 0.653
Capsule Distribution 1.524 1.524
Food Production/Education 1.191 2.707
Phillips, M, Sanghvi T, Suarez R, McKingney J, and Fiedler J. The Costs and Effectiveness of Three Vitamin A Interventions in Guatemala. Soc Sci Med.1996.42(12):1661-1668