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Tax Incentives for Investment in Cambodia. IMF Tax Policy Seminar for Asian and Pacific Countries on Tax Incentives Tokyo, June 9, 2009 Financed by JSA. by Vann Puthipol Director Department of Large Taxpayers General Department of Taxation. Contents. Major Taxes in Cambodia

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Tax Incentives for Investment in Cambodia

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Tax Incentives for Investment in Cambodia

IMF Tax Policy Seminar for Asian and

Pacific Countries on Tax Incentives

Tokyo, June 9, 2009

Financed by JSA

by Vann Puthipol

Director Department of Large Taxpayers

General Department of Taxation


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Contents

  • Major Taxes in Cambodia

  • Tax Incentives:

    • Law on Investment 1993

    • Finance Act 2001

    • Prakas No 303.MEF.TD 2001

    • Amended Law on Investment 2004 & Prakas No 302 MEF.TD 2005

    • Prakas No 298 MEF.TD 2005

    • Prakas No 305 MEF.TD 2008

  • Tax Incentives in exchange with Labors’ Wages and Conclusion


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The Taxes

Major Taxes : ( Finance Act for 1994-95 and LOT )

-Tax on Profit ( 30%, 20%, 9%,0%);

-Minimum Tax (1% of annual turnover);

-Tax on Salary (0%, 5%, !0%, 15%, 20%);

-Value Added Tax (10%); Turnover Tax (2%)

-Specific Tax on Certain Merchandise and Services (multiple rates);

-Tax for Public Lighting (3%);

-Tax on Accommodation (2%);

-And other type of taxes such as Patent Tax, Stamp and Registration Tax, Unused Land Tax etc…


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1993- Law on Investment

Investment Enterprises

  • Recognized by Council for Development of Cambodia (CDC) after applying for investment status.

  • Customs Duty free for importing machineries, equipments, and raw materials

  • 9% Profit Tax rate, or

  • Profit Tax exemption for a period up to 8 years


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2001- Finance Acts of 2001

  • Released Investment Enterprises from Minimum Tax while others are subject to

  • The relief covers around 40 Billion Riels per year.


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2001- Prakas No 303 MEF.TD

  • The VAT exemption on import and supply of:

    • Fertilizer for use in the agriculture;

    • Plant seeds;

    • Parts of cut branches of tree for growing;

    • Animal medicines, foods and food grinding machines;

    • Animal breeding stock including wild animal;

    • Small tractors and their spare parts for family use;

    • Equipment for growing seeds and hatching eggs;

    • Pump of the pumping machine.

  • The above exemption covers around 30 Billion Riels for both import and domestic supply.


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2004 - Amended Law on Investment 2005 - Prakas No 302 MEF.TD

Qualified Investment Project (QIP)

  • New Tax Exemption Period :

    • Trigger period

    • Three years period

    • Priority period

  • 9% Profit Tax rate for a transitional period of 5 years after the promulgation of the ALI

  • Decentralized to local authority for QIP of less than 2 million USD capital

  • 2 years tax holiday extension for old investment enterprises


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2005- Prakas No 298 MEF.TD

  • Zero Rate VAT for local supply of goods and services to Garment Export Oriented Companies

  • Solving the cash flow problems

  • Encourage local production industry

  • The above solution covers around 150 Billion Riels cash flow for government’s current expenditure.


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2008- Prakas No 305 MEF.TD

  • Suspension of Monthly Prepayment of Profit Tax for Export Oriented Companies

  • Solving monthly cash flow problems for workers’ salary

  • Encourage local production industry

  • The above solution covers around 70 Billion Riels cash flow for government’s current expenditure.


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Tax Incentives in exchange with Labors’ Wages and Conclusion

  • Total number of labor : 300,000

  • Salary : 300,000 x 50 x 12 x 4,000 = 720 Billion

  • Total Tax on Profit Exemption = 210 Billion/Y

  • Tax incentives is a vital measure for Cambodian economy.

  • If no tax incentives, perhaps no business, no employment, and no tax as well


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THANK YOU


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