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Two routes to open access. Authors or their sponsors. $$. Everyone on the Internet. Editing, reviewing, composing. Publishers. Thomas J. Walker University of Florida. Outline. Why open access? Florida Entomological Society [FES] Entomological Society of America [ESA]. Why

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Two routes to open access

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Two routes to open access

Authors or

their

sponsors

$$

Everyone on

the Internet

Editing, reviewing, composing

Publishers

Thomas J. Walker

University of Florida


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Outline

  • Why open access?

  • Florida EntomologicalSociety [FES]

  • Entomological Society of America[ESA]


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Why

Open Access?


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Authorswant it!!!


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And it is theleast costlysystem


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Library

Florida

Entomologist

Issues

Reprints

User

Traditional dissemination

User

Files onpublisher’scomputer

FTP

User

Electronic dissemination

Web server


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Dissemination modes

  • Traditional [first 330 years]

  • Parallel (traditional + electronic) [transitional]

  • Electronic only [the near future]


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Electronic onlyfor feeorfor free?


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Toll Access

Usernames

and

Site

Licenses

Individual

subscriptions

Subscriptions

passwords

$

$$$

Subscr.

Institutions’

staff and

affiliated

personnel

Editing, reviewing, composing

Publishers

Internet

Site L.

addresses

Pay Per View

Credit

Everyone else

$

Web server

cards

Open Access

Authors or

their sponsors

$$

Everyone on

the Internet

Editing, reviewing, composing

Publishers

Web server


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Dissemination costs

  • Traditional:High

  • Parallel:Very high

  • E-only, toll access :Low

  • E-only, open access : Very low


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Open accessis coming


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Two entomological societies

FES: 450 members

1 journal (4 issues/year)

$55,000/yr publishing costs

ESA: 5700 members

4 journals (each 6 issues/year)

$700,000/yr publishing costs


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ISI Journal Citation Reports

62 entomology journals

Florida Entomologist30

J. Economic Entomology12

Environmental Entomology17

Annals Entomol. Soc. Am.20

J. Medical Entomology12


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FloridaEntomological Society

100%OA since 1994


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Just do it!


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“Any scientist who is linked to the developing worldwide electronic information network (presently termed the Internet) will be able to view and to print any article in any journal published by a scientific society. Printing from the network will yield hardcopy equal to a photocopy or reprint of the article. The information will be free to the person taking the information from the network (as it is when a person takes information from a library).”

Endorsement of open access by the Executive Committee of the Florida Entomological Society10 May 1993


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Florida Entomological Society

  • 1993 Open access endorsed

  • 1994 Open access via PDF files


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Florida Entomological Society

  • 1993 Free access endorsed

  • 1994 Free access via PDF files

  • 1995 Switch from Gopher to Web

  • 1996 Minimal HTML files added


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Florida Entomological Society

  • 1993 Free access endorsed

  • 1994 Free access via PDF files

  • 1995 Switch from Gopher to Web

  • 1996 Minimal HTML files added

  • 1997 InfoLinks initiated

  • 1998 Full-text searching implemented

  • 1999 Back-issue project completed


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Florida Entomological Society Back-issue project

  • 1917-1993 issues (ca. 20,000 pages)

  • JSTOR-type scanning

  • PDF files posted, with open access, by Florida Center for Library Automation


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Institutional subscriptions


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Institutional subscriptions


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Institutional subscriptions


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Florida Entomological Society

  • 1993 Free access endorsed

  • 1994 Free access via PDF files

  • 1995 Switch from Gopher to Web

  • 1996 Minimal HTML files added

  • 1997 InfoLinks initiated

  • 1998 Full-text searching implemented

  • 1999 Back-issue project completed

  • 2000 Obligatory OA fees authorized


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Florida Entomologist

Obligatory OA fees

Articles$100

Scientific notes$ 50

To start with the March 2001 issue!


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Florida Entomological Society

  • 1993 Free access endorsed

  • 1994 Free access via PDF files

  • 1995 Switch from Gopher to Web

  • 1996 Minimal HTML files added

  • 1997 InfoLinks initiated

  • 1998 Full-text searching implemented

  • 1999 Back-issue project completed

  • 2000 Obligatory OA fee authorized

  • 2001 Obligatory OA fee accepted!!


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Initial year of OA fees


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Florida Entomological Society

  • 1993 Free access endorsed

  • 1994 Free access via PDF files

  • 1995 Switch from Gopher to Web

  • 1996 Minimal HTML files added

  • 1997 InfoLinks initiated

  • 1998 Full-text searching implemented

  • 1999 Back-issue project completed

  • 2000 Obligatory IFWA fee authorized

  • 2001 Obligatory IFWA fee accepted!!

  • 2002 First open-access journal on BioOne


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Effect on full-text downloads

  • Full-text downloads of articles and scientific notes from BioOne were 16x more frequent than from the FCLA server.

  • More than 400 downloads expected in 2004 for the average item published in 2002 and 2003.


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Summary of OA revenue effects


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Entomological Society of America

currently ca. 65% OA


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Open access by the article


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Entomological Society of America

  • 1995 GB approves OA sales


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Entomological Society of America

  • 1995 GB approves OA sales

  • 1996 GB approves OA sales again

  • 1997 GB cancels approval

  • 1998 GB votes to start toll access

  • 1999 GB approves OA sales yet again

  • 2000 OA sales begin!


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ESA: Sales of Open Access


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ESA: net revenues from OA sales


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How societies will benefit by offering open access by the article

  • Substantially increased publication revenues without commitment to radical change in cost-recovery model.


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How societies can benefit by offering open access by the article

  • Substantially increased publication revenues with no commitment to a radical change in cost-recovery.

  • Authors who want open access and cannot have it in other journals will be attracted.


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How societies can benefit by offering open access by the article

  • Substantially increased publication revenues without commitment to radical change in cost-recovery model.

  • Authors who want open access and cannot have it in other journals will be attracted.

  • Well positioned to change to new revenue models as open access gains momentum.


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Societies offering OA by the article

Entomological Society of America (2000)Annals of the Entomological Society of AmericaJournal of Economic EntomologyEnvironmental EntomologyJournal of Medical Entomology

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography [ASLO] (2001)Limnology and Oceanography

American Physiological Society (July 2003)Physiological Genomics

Company of Biologists (January 2004)DevelopmentJournal of Cell ScienceJournal of Experimental Biology


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Current prices of OA by the article

Entomological Society of America (2000)$124Annals of the Entomological Society of AmericaJournal of Economic EntomologyEnvironmental EntomologyJournal of Medical Entomology

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography [ASLO] (2001)$350Limnology and Oceanography


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Why ASLO increased its price of OA from $126 to $350 in 2004

  • Two-thirds of authors were buying open access.

  • Downloads were much more frequent for OA articles than for non-OA articles.

    e.g., 2002 articles: 3.4 times as many downloads


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Current prices of OA by the article

Entomological Society of America (2000)$124Annals of the Entomological Society of AmericaJournal of Economic EntomologyEnvironmental EntomologyJournal of Medical Entomology

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (2001) $350Limnology and Oceanography

American Physiological Society (July 2003)$1500 Physiological Genomics

Company of Biologists (January 2004)$2160 DevelopmentJournal of Cell ScienceJournal of Experimental Biology


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This is future of journals

Authors or

their

sponsors

$$

Everyone on

the Internet

Editing, reviewing, composing

Publishers

and sales of open access by the articlemay ease and speed the transition to it.


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  • On the web:

  • This PowerPoint presentation with notes

  • History and detailed data relative to FES’s route to OA

  • History and detailed data relative to ESA’s route to OA

  • My published articles and other talks on open access

  • Find my home page and click on

  • “Web access to traditionally published journals”

  • http://csssrvr.entnem.ufl.edu/~walker/


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