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Ontology Design Using Topic Maps in Korean Cultural Artifacts Domain. Sam Oh , Professor Sungkyunk wan University Email: [email protected] Homepage : http://lis.skku.ac.kr/ohs/. Presentation Outline. Brief Introduction to Topic Maps Modeling Korean Folk Music (Pansori) Using Topic Maps

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Ontology design using topic maps in korean cultural artifacts domain l.jpg

Ontology Design Using Topic Mapsin Korean Cultural Artifacts Domain

Sam Oh, Professor

Sungkyunkwan University

Email: [email protected]

Homepage: http://lis.skku.ac.kr/ohs/


Presentation outline l.jpg

Presentation Outline

  • Brief Introduction to Topic Maps

  • Modeling Korean Folk Music (Pansori) Using Topic Maps

  • Modeling Korean Cultural Artifacts Using Topic Maps


Topic maps background l.jpg

Topic Maps Background

  • ISO Standard

    • Published as ISO/IEC 13250 in 2000

    • XTM Topic maps (XTM)1.0 specification in 2001 by Topicmap.org

    • ISO/IEC 13250:2003 now includes XTM 1.0

  • TMQL (Topic Map Query Language) – ISO 18048

    • Committee Draft published February 2005

  • TMCL (Topic Map Constraint Language) – ISO 19756

    • Committee Draft published February 2005

  • XML as the main topic map syntax and is supported by nearly all topic map tools.


What is the purpose of topic maps l.jpg

What is the Purpose of Topic Maps?

  • To collocate related resources about a subject

  • To support the distributed management of information and knowledge

  • To organize large bodies of information

  • To capture organizational memory

  • To represent complex rules and processes

  • To support concept-based eLearning

  • To aggregate information and knowledge

    = Seamless Knowledge


Topic map model l.jpg

Topic Map Model

(Index)

Knowledge Layer

(Content)

Information Layer


The information layer l.jpg

Information Layer

The Information Layer

  • The lower layer contains the content

    • usually digital, but need not be

    • can be in any format or notation

    • can be text, graphics, video, audio, etc.


The knowledge layer l.jpg

The Knowledge Layer

  • The upper layer consists of topics and associations

    • Topics represent the subjects that the information is about

    • Associations represent relationships between those subjects

knowledge layer


Tao of topic maps l.jpg

TAO of Topic Maps

- Topics- Associations- Occurrences


Topics l.jpg

Topics

  • A topic is a machine-processable representation of a concept.


Topics10 l.jpg

Metadata Registry

John Miller

University of Washington

Seattle

Stuart Sutton

XMDR

Topics


Topic names l.jpg

Topic Names

  • A topic may have multiple names

    • Multiple natural languages

    • Synonyms

    • Base Name(Required)

  • Each name may have variants

    • Display Name (Optional)

    • Sort Name (Optional)


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Metadata Registry

[project]

John Miller

[professor]

LIS550

[course]

Seattle

[region]

Stuart Kim

[professor]

XMDR

[project]

Topic Types


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Topic types

  • A topic type represents the class of which the topic is an instance, e.g.

    • the topic Stuart Kim is of type “professor”

    • the topic XMDR is of type “project”

  • Topic typing has standard type-instance (or class-instance) semantics

    • CAUTION! This is not the same as the supertype-subtype (or subtypeOf) relationship...

    • You must not use topic typing to state that “a professor is a person”

  • A special kind of association

    • The relationship between a topic andits type is actually just a privilegedkind of association

  • Topic types arealso topics

    • You can define whatever types you need for your application


Occurrences l.jpg

Occurrences

  • Relationships between informationresources and subjects

  • Those resources can be internal or external to the topic map

  • In most cases they are external


Occurrence type l.jpg

Occurrence Type


Associations l.jpg

Associations

  • Relationships between subjects

  • A network of subjects

  • The relationships between the subjects are clearly defined


Association l.jpg

takes

involved in

teaches

Stuart Kim

LIS550

John Miller

Metadata Registry Project

Association


Association role l.jpg

Association Role


Instances of tao l.jpg

Instances of TAO


Linking the layers through occurrences l.jpg

takes

Involved in

LIS 550

Stuart Kim

John Miller

Metadata Registry Project

Linking the Layers Through Occurrences

Student

Knowledge Layer

Course

Course

teaches

Project

Primary

Investigator

Professor

Information Layer


Topic maps modeling of korean folk music pansori l.jpg

Topic Maps Modeling of Korean Folk Music (Pansori)


Relational schema for topic maps l.jpg

Relational Schema for Topic Maps


Pansori basename table l.jpg

Pansori Basename Table


Pansori association table l.jpg

Pansori Association Table


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Pansori Association Role Table


Pansori occurrence table l.jpg

Pansori Occurrence Table


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Pansori Domain – TM Modeling

Soonchang(Region)

KangSan-Je (Sect)

Present(Genealogy)

famous for

belongs to

appears in

Man-Jung

ChunHyang Editorials

(Editorials)

has editorials

is a member of

ChunHyang-Ga(Pansori)

NJ Park

teacher-student

SH Cho (Singer)

composed-by

JH Shin

(Composer)

exponent of

KR Song

consists of

is a dunum of

singer-part

matches with

singer-tone

played-by

is a body of

part-rhythm

SS An's

Love Song

(Dunum)

part-tone

tambour-rhythm

Jung-Mo-Li

(Rhythm)

MH Kim

(Tambour)

SeolRyong-Ge(Tone)

AS Han's

Chunghyang-Ga

(Body)

Sarang-Ga(Part)


Pansori occurrence mapping l.jpg

Pansori Occurrence Mapping

Soonchang(Region)

KangSan-Je (Sect)

Present(Genealogy)

famous for

belongs to

Appears in

Man-Jung

ChunHyang Editorials

(Editorials)

has editorials

is a member of

ChunHyang-Ga(Pansori)

Park, NJ

teacher-student

composed-By

Shin, JH

(Composer)

exponent of

Song, KR

consists of

is a dunum of

singer-part

matches with

singer-tone

played-by

is a body of

part-rhythm

part-tone

tambour-rhythm

Jung-Mo-Li

(Rhythm)

SeolRyong-Ge(Tone)

Kim, MH

(Tambour)

Sarang-Ga(Part)


Pansori occurrence types l.jpg

Pansori Occurrence Types

Soonchang(Region)

KangSan-Je (Sect)

Present(Genealogy)

Famous in

belongs to

Real name

Pen name

appears in

Man-Jung

ChunHyang Editorials

(사설집)

Has editorials

is a member of

Nick name

Biography

ChunHyang-Ga(Pansori)

Birthplace

Activity year

Park, Nokju

teacher-student

Composed-By

Shin, Jaehyo

(Composer)

Position

A date of birth

exponent of

Website

Image

Song, Kwangrok

consists of

Sound

Is a dunum of

Album

singer-part

Mathes with

Producing year

singer-tone

Played by

Introduction

Is a body of

part-rhythm

Contents

Video

part-tone

Tambour-Rhythm

Geneaology

Book

SeolRyong-Ge(Tone)

Jung-Mo-Li

(Rhythm)

Kim, Myunghwan

(Tambour)

Article

Structure

Sarang-Ga(Part)

Critique

Paper


Pansori domain tm structures l.jpg

Pansori Domain TM Structures


Erd modeling l.jpg

Region

ERD Modeling

famous for

Editorials

Pansori Type

has editorials

matches with

played by

Dan-Ga

Byon

-Chang 

SeungDo

-Chang

Creative

Pansori

Pansori

Rhythm

consists of

Is a dunum of

Is a body of

part-rhythm

tambour-rhythm

Dunum

Part

Tambour

appears in

People

Part-Tone

Body

composed by

Composer

Je

Chunggo

exponent of

singer-part

Sect

Dongcho

Singer

belongs to

singer-tone

Tone

Kangsan

teacher-student

Seopyon

Is a member of

Dongpyon

Singer

genealogy

Cheon-Ju

Nam-Won

Former

Latter

Modern

Present


Uml modeling l.jpg

Category

Album

Article

Book

Category

Concert

Content

Critiques

Editorial

Genealogy

Image

Introduction

Paper

Producing Year

Sound

Type

Video

Website

Work Structure

Dan-

Ga

Region

UML Modeling

m

Byong

-Chang

Editorials

Introduction

Content

m

Rhythm

Person

ActivityYears

Biography

Album

Article

BirthPlace

Book

Concert

DateofBirth

Homepage

Image

Nickname

Paper

PenName

Position

Prizes

Real name

Sound

Video

Website

n

n

n

SeongDo-

Chang

m

m

Tambour

Creative

Pansori

n

Composer

m

n

n

1

n

Part

1

n

m

n

Pansori

1

n

1

Singer

1

n

m

m

m

1

n

n

m

n

Du-Num

n

DongCho-Je

Body

Je

Introduction

n

ChungGo-Je

1

Sect

1

KangSan-Je

Singer Genealogy

Introduction

n

Tone

Sound

SeoPyon-Je

n

Namwon

Former

Cheon-Ju

Latter

Modern

Present

DongPyon-Je


Topic maps driven pansori site l.jpg

Topic Maps-Driven Pansori Site


Pansori search examples l.jpg

Pansori Search Examples


Slide35 l.jpg

Search Scenario #1

  • Search for famous singers and works of Dong-Pyon-Je


Search scenario 2 l.jpg

Search Scenario #2

  • Search for the generation to which NokJu Park (박녹주) belongs, and find three singers in the same generation


Tm enabled pansori systems l.jpg

TM-Enabled Pansori Systems

  • Using Omnigator

    • http://tms.metaontology.net/

  • Running Site

    • http://61.97.135.247:8080/pansori/


Modeling korea cultural artifacts using topic maps l.jpg

Modeling Korea Cultural Artifacts Using Topic Maps


Topic maps modeling l.jpg

Topic Maps Modeling

Cho-Sun Dynasty Record

(Archives)

Recorded in

3rd grade social (Curriculum)

Kum-Kang (landscape)

Included in

Drawn by

Jung-Sun (People)

Included in

Kyong-Bok (Palace)

Seoul (Region)

Se-Jo (People)

Included in

located in

transmits

ChongMyo Je-Rye (Traditional Music)

Has Affiliated assets

Categorized in

Created by

Is constructed in

Historical Place

(Assignment)

Tae-Jo (People)

Cho-Sun (Period)


Topics to occurrences mapping l.jpg

Topics to Occurrences Mapping

Cho-Sun Dynasty Record

(Archives)

Recorded in

3rd grade social (Curriculum)

Kum-Kang (landscape)

Included in

Drawn by

Jung-Sun (People)

Included in

Kyong-Bok (Palace)

Seoul (Region)

Se-Jo (People)

Included in

located in

transmits

ChongMyo Je-Rye (Traditional Music)

Has affiliated assets

Categorized in

Created by

Is constructed in

Historical Place

(Assignment)

Tae-Jo (People)

Cho-Sun (Period)


Topic maps modeling41 l.jpg

Topic Maps Modeling

Recorded in

Cho-Sun Dynasty Record

(Archives)

Definition

Scale

mapViewer

VariantName

3rd grade social (Curriculum)

Kum-Kang (landscape)

VRViewer

Characteristics

Drawn by

Included in

Category

RelationAssets

Jung-Sun (People)

Included in

Authoriy

Survey

Se-Jo (People)

Kyong-Bok (Palace)

Standard

transmits

Seoul (Region)

Included in

InformationGuide

ChongMyo Je-Rye (Traditional Music)

located in

Significant

Homepage

Has affiliated assets

Categorized in

Image

Education

Created by

Article

Grade

Is constructed in

Tae-Jo (People)

Paper

Historical Place

(Assignment)

Curriculum

Location

Unit

Owner

Cho-Sun (Period)

Substance

DesignateDay

URL

Manager

E-learning


Erd modeling42 l.jpg

ERD Modeling

People

Seoul

transmits

Jeju

Cuccirulum

Palace

Drawn by

Politics

Region

Place

ChunBuk

Gate

Included in

Tomb

KyongBuk

Royal

Tomb

Has affiliated assets

Land

scape

Created by

Family

Tomb

Asset

ChungBuk

Relics

Located in

Sculpture

Seoul

Industrial

Arts

Jeju

Is constructed in

Period

Music

ChunBuk

Intangible

Assets

Is categorized in

Dance

National

Category

KyongBuk

Recorded in

Convention

UNESCO

ChungBuk

Archives


Uml modeling43 l.jpg

UML Modeling

Palace

Politics

Assets

Definition

Variant Name

Characteristics

Relation Assets

Survey

Information guide

Homepage

Image

Article

Paper

Location

Owner

Designate day

Manager

Scale

mapViewer

VRViewer

Place

Curriculum

Education

Grade

Curriculum

Unit

Substance

URL

E-learning

Gate

Tomb

Royal

Tomb

m

Land

scape

n

Family

Tomb

Relics

Sculpture

n

People

Industrial

Arts

Seoul

m

n

1

Music

m

Jeju

m

Intangible

Assets

Dance

Region

ChunBuk

1

n

m

Convention

n

m

KyongBuk

m

m

Archives

Category

ChungBuk

n

Period

National

Definition

Category

Authority

Standard

Significance

UNESCO

Seoul

Jeju

ChunBuk

KyongBuk

ChungBuk


Tm advantages l.jpg

TM Advantages

  • Flexible Schema

    • Semantic Data Modeling Fully Implemented

  • Flexible Application Structure

  • Flexible Extension

  • Rich Representation of Relationships

    • No need to lose meaningful relationships between classes

    • May lead to better performance for navigation and IR

    • Less time and effort for a database designer


Full tm modeling of korea cultural artifacts l.jpg

서울

중1사회

인왕재색도

경회루

중2도덕

세계문화유산

Topic

조선왕조실록

통일신라

초등4사회

석굴암

경주첨성대

돈화문

인정전

조선

불국사

문무왕

안압지

경복궁

조선왕조실록

보물

천마도장니

삼국사기

창덕궁

천마총

봉산탈춤

다보탑

김대성

하회마을

금강전도

석가탑

성덕왕신종

김홍도

흥인지문

초등3사회

중1국어

태종

단원풍속도첩

삼국사기

금모

금관

종묘

종묘제례악

보신각

태조

국보

세조

경덕왕

정선

경주석빙고

숭례문

판소리

초등6사회

종묘제례

중요무형문화재

사적

고려

경상북도

중요민속자료

고1사회

기록물

지역

궁궐

교과과정

궁궐

궁궐

교과과정

시대

Topic Type

유네스코지정

기록물

국가지정

전통연희

전통의식

금속공예

교과과정

인물

의식법구

인물

주거건축

국가지정

인물

인물

의식법구

궁궐

금속공예

궁궐

교과과정

국가지정

유물산포지

교과과정

교과과정

천문지리기구

인물

불교탑

불교탑

시대

신수화

지역

국가지정

인물

전통음악

기록물

불교

기록물

왕식무덤

영묘화조화

국가지정

인물

불교

전통음악

궁궐

인물

산수화

관아

교과과정

풍속화

시대

부석사

조사당벽화

하회탈

병신탈

벽화

유희용구

Full TM Modeling of Korea Cultural Artifacts

연관관계

Association


Thanks any questions l.jpg

Thanks!!Any Questions?


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