900 – 1500 AD Cahokia – 1200 AD 30,000 inhabitants Miss. River Valley, IL No written record left behind – artifacts and mounds Mississippian Mound Builders Advanced agricultural techniques Linear government (rulers belonging to the same family) Religion
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Cahokia – 1200 AD
Miss. River Valley, IL
No written record left behind – artifacts and moundsMississippian Mound Builders
Linear government (rulers belonging to the same family)
Trade networks all over US (Chert, Flourite, marine shell, Mica, Galena, Copper)
Highly accomplished potters, flint makers (arrow pts), and stone workers
Jewelry and smoking
No writing system
No stone architecturePractices
Deer effigy teapot
Double-headed dog teapot
The Indians shape out the bowls of these pipes from the solid stone, which is not quite as hard as marble, with nothing but a knife. The stone is of a cherry red, admits of a beautiful polish, and the Indian makes the hole in the bowl of the pipe, by drilling into it a hard stick, shaped to the desired size, with a quantity of sharp sand and water kept constantly in the hole, subjecting him therefore to a great labour and the necessity of much patience.
George Catlin, 1832-39