Early theorists
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Early Theorists. The early sociologists were primarily philosophers. This somewhat abstract origin impacted the way sociology was viewed For more information on the theorists go to http://www2.fmg.uva.nl/sociosite/topics/sociologists.html.

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Early Theorists

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Early theorists

Early Theorists

  • The early sociologists were primarily philosophers.

  • This somewhat abstract origin impacted the way sociology was viewed

  • For more information on the theorists go to

    http://www2.fmg.uva.nl/sociosite/topics/sociologists.html


Auguste comte

FOCUSED ON THE USE OF SOCIAL STATICS AND SOCIAL DYNAMICS

CONSIDERED THE FATHER OF SOCIOLOGY

COINED THE TERM ‘SOCIOLOGY’

USE OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

CALLED ‘POSITIVISM’ BY COMTE

OBJECTIVITY VS. SUBJECTIVITY

AUGUSTE COMTE


Karl marx

WRITINGS THE BASIS FOR CONFLICT THEORY

FOCUSED ON ECONOMICS

ECONOMICS DETERMED ALL ASPECTS OF THE CULTURAL/SOCIAL STRUCTURES.

KARL MARX


Early theorists

Marx

  • BELIEVED THAT THERE WERE ONLY TWO GROUPS

  • HE REFERRED TO THESE GROUPS AS THE ‘ CAPITALISTS’ AND THE ‘PROLETARIAT’


Capitalists

CAPITALISTS

  • Marx used this in reference to the owners who controlled ‘the means of production’

  • Means of Production – refers to the lands, monies, equipment, etc.


Proletariat

PROLETARIAT

  • CLASS OF LABORERS

  • LITTLE OR NO ACCESS TO THE MEANS OF PRODUCTION


Emile durkheim

FIRST TO ACTUALLY CARRY OUT THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

USED VIGOROUS AND OBJECTIVE INVESTAGATION TECHNIQUES

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

FOCUSED ON SOCIAL INTEGRATION(the degree to which an individual was tied to their social group)

EMILE DURKHEIM


Suicides

AN INDIVIDUAL’S DEGREE OF SOCIAL INTEGRATION WAS SIGNIGICANT IN DETERMINING THE RATE AND OCCURANCE OF SUI CIDES

THOSE WITH LITTLE TIES AND THOSE WITH STRONG TIES, MORE LIKELY TO COMMIT SUICIDE

SUICIDES


Altruistic

ALTRUISTIC

  • THE NORMS OF GROUP ADVOCATE SUICIDE.

    • SUTTEE[WIDOW BURNING]

    • NATIVE AMERICANS/ESKIMOS

    • KAMIKAZE PILOTS(WWII JAPANESE PILOTS)

      **http://www.relst.uiuc.edu/durkheim/Summaries/suicide.html


Egoistic

EGOISTIC-FAILURE TO IDENTITY WITH THE SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS OF SOCIETY. ACCEPTS BLAME AND GUILT FOR ACT/BEHAVIOR

EGOISTIC


Anomie

OF NORMLESSNESS, WHICH RESULTS IN SUICIDAL IDEATION OR BEHAVIOR

FOUND THAT PROTESTANTS HAD HIGHER

RATE OF SUICIDE IN COMPARISON TO CATHOLICS

SINGLES, DIVORCEE’S, MEN HAD HIGHER RATES

STILL USED TODAY

ANOMIE


Anomie1

ANOMIE

  • AN NO LONGER SHARE IN THE NORMS OF SOCIETY

  • DUE TO A RAPID CHANGE IN SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT

  • EXPERIENCE A SENSE OF NORMLESSNESS


Summary

DURKHEIM IS A FUNCTIONALIST

EXAMINED ISSUES AT THE MACROLEVEL

QUANTITATIVE MODE OF RESEARCH

HIS STUDY OF SUICIDE ASSISTED IN THE RESHAPING OF SOCIOLOGICL INQUIRY

SUMMARY


Max weber vayber

GERMAN SOCIOLOGIST

USUALLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK OF INTERACTIONISM

STRESSED THE IMPORTANCE OF OBJECTIVE INVESTIGATION

MAX WEBER(VAYBER)


Verstehen

VERSTEHEN

OBJECTIVELY EXAMINING SUBJECTS; DEVELOPING A SYMPATHETIC UNDERSTANDING OF ONE’S SUBJECT


Verstehen cont d

VERSTEHEN CONT’D:

  • TRY TO DEVELOP AN UNDERSTANDING OF WHY THEY ACT OR BEHAVE IN A CERTAIN MANNER

  • ALTHOUGH HE STRESSED THE IMPORTANCE OF GAINING AN INTERPRETATIVE UNDERSTANDING OF ONE’S SUBJECT, OBJECTIVITY IS THE ULTIMATE GOAL.


Robert merton functionalist

THREE BASIC FUNCTIONS-MANIFEST/LATENT/LATENT DYSFUNCTIONS

ALL THINGS HAVE INTENDED AND UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES

MACROLEVEL ANALYSIS

ROBERT MERTON:FUNCTIONALIST


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