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Chap 8. Naming Binary Compounds. Binary Ionic Compounds. Contain 2 different elements Name the metal first, then the nonmetal as -ide . Use name of a metal with a fixed charge Groups 1A, 2A, 3A and Ag, Zn, and Cd Examples: NaCl sodium chloride ZnI 2 zinc iodide

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chap 8
Chap 8

Naming Binary Compounds

binary ionic compounds
Binary Ionic Compounds
  • Contain 2 different elements
  • Name the metal first, then the nonmetal as -ide.
  • Use name of a metal with a fixed charge

Groups 1A, 2A, 3A

and Ag, Zn, and Cd

Examples:

NaCl sodium chloride

ZnI2 zinc iodide

Al2O3 aluminum oxide

learning check n1
Learning Check N1

Complete the names of the following binary compounds:

Na3N sodium ________________

KBr potassium________________

Al2O3 aluminum ________________

MgS _________________________

solution n1
Solution N1

Complete the names of the following binary compounds:

Na3N sodium nitride

KBr potassium bromide

Al2O3 aluminum oxide

MgS magnesium sulfide

transition metals
Transition Metals

Most form 2 or more positive ions

1+ 2+ 1+ or 2+ 2+ or 3+

Ag+ Cd2+ Cu+,Cu2+ Fe2+, Fe3+

silver cadmium copper(I) ion iron(II) ion

ion ion copper (II) ion iron(III) ion

Zn2+

zinc ion

names of variable ions
Names of Variable Ions

Use a roman number after the name of a metal that forms two or more ions

Transition metals and

the metals in groups 4A and 5A

FeCl3(Fe3+) iron (III) chloride

CuCl (Cu+ ) copper (I) chloride

SnF4 (Sn4+) tin (IV) fluoride

PbCl2 (Pb2+) lead (II) chloride

Fe2S3 (Fe3+) iron (III) sulfide

learning check n2
Learning Check N2

Name the following compounds:

A. CaO

1) calcium oxide 2) calcium(I) oxide

3) calcium (II) oxide

B. SnCl4

1) tin tetrachloride 2) tin(II) chloride

3) tin(IV) chloride

C. Co2O3

1) cobalt oxide 2) cobalt (III) oxide

3) cobalt trioxide

solution n2
Solution N2

Name the following compounds:

A. CaO 1) calcium oxide

B. SnCl43) tin(IV) chloride

C. Co2O32) cobalt (III) oxide

learning check n3
Learning Check N3

Complete the names of the following binary compounds with variable metal ions:

FeBr2 iron (_____) bromide

Cu2O copper (_____) oxide

SnCl4 ___(_____ ) ______________

Fe2O3 ________________________

CuS ________________________

solution n3
Solution N3

Complete the names of the following binary compounds with variable metal ions:

FeBr2 iron ( II ) bromide

Cu2O copper ( I ) oxide

SnCl4tin (IV) chloride

Fe2O3iron (III) oxide

CuS copper (II) sulfide

naming binary covalent compounds
Naming Binary Covalent Compounds

Two nonmetals

  • Name each element
  • End the last element in -ide
  • Add prefixes to show more than 1 atom

Prefixes

mon 1 penta 5

di 2 hexa 6

tri 3

tetra 4

learning check n4
Learning Check N4

CO carbon ______oxide

CO2 carbon _______________

PCl3 phosphorus _______chloride

CCl4 carbon ________chloride

N2O _____nitrogen _____oxide

solution n4
Solution N4

CO carbon monoxide

CO2 carbon dioxide

PCl3 phosphorus trichloride

CCl4 carbon tetrachloride

N2O dinitrogen monoxide

learning check n5
Learning Check N5

A. P2O5 1) phosphorus oxide

2) phosphorus pentoxide

3) diphosphorus pentoxide

B. Cl2O71) dichlorine heptoxide

2) dichlorine oxide

3) chlorine heptoxide

C. Cl21) chlorine

2) dichlorine

3) dichloride

solution n5
Solution N5

A. P2O5 3) diphosphorus pentoxide

B. Cl2O71) dichlorine heptoxide

C. Cl21) chlorine

naming ternary compounds
Naming Ternary Compounds
  • Contain at least 3 elements
  • Name the nonmetals as a polyatomic ion
  • Examples:

NaNO3 Sodium nitrate

K2SO4 Potassium sulfate

Al(HCO3)3 Aluminum bicarbonate

or aluminum hydrogen

carbonate

polyatomic ions
Polyatomic Ions

A group of atoms with an overall charge.

NH4+ ammonium OH- hydroxide

NO3- nitrate NO2- nitrite

CO32- ______________

HCO3- hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate)

learning check n6
Learning Check N6

Match each set with the correct name:

A.Na2CO31) magnesium sulfite

MgSO32) magnesium sulfate

MgSO43) sodium carbonate

B. Ca(HCO3)21) calcium carbonate

CaCO32) calcium phosphate

Ca3(PO4)2 3) calcium bicarbonate

solution n6
Solution N6

A.Na2CO33) sodium carbonate

MgSO31) magnesium sulfite

MgSO42) magnesium sulfate

B. Ca(HCO3)23) calcium bicarbonate

CaCO31) calcium carbonate

Ca3(PO4)2 2) calcium phosphate

learning check n7
Learning Check N7

A. aluminum nitrate

1) AlNO3 2) Al(NO)3 3) Al(NO3)3

B. copper(II) nitrate

1) CuNO3 2) Cu(NO3)2 3) Cu2(NO3)

C. Iron (III) hydroxide

1) FeOH 2) Fe3OH 3) Fe(OH)3

D. Tin(IV) hydroxide

1) Sn(OH)4 2) Sn(OH)2 3) Sn4(OH)

solution n7
Solution N7

A. aluminum nitrate

3) Al(NO3)3

B. copper(II) nitrate

2) Cu(NO3)2

C. Iron (III) hydroxide

3) Fe(OH)3

D. Tin(IV) hydroxide

1) Sn(OH)4

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