Conflict Management in the South Caucasus. Background of the states. Since beginning of XIX c. South Caucasus became part of Russian Empire 1918 -1921 : they Got a history of a short independent statehood which fall under Russian RED Army
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Conflict Management in the South Caucasus
- 137,200 Armenians, or 73.4%
- 47,400 Azerbaijanis, or 25.3 %;
- 2,400 of Russianas and muslim Kurds, or 1.3 %
- in 1970 - 1986 industrial output of the Republic was 3,
- for the NKAO was 3.3: annual growth rates here were above 8.3 per cent). Capital investment rose by a factor of 3.1 in the period from 1970 to 1986 in the Region, and by a factor of 2.5 in the Republic.
- recognizes the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan
- demanded the immediate cessation of military activities
- immediate, full and unconditional withdrawal of occupation forces from all the occupied regions of the Azerbaijan Republic.
The Budapest Summit of Concile Security and Cooperation in Europe adopted a two-stage legal framework of the settlement process:
The Budapest Summit also adopted a decision to establish an OSCE peacekeeping operation after the conclusion of the political agreement.
December 2-3 - OSCE Lisbon Summit. The OSCE statement supported by all (53) OSCE member states except Armenia, on three principles for the settlement of the conflict:
- withdrawal of occupying armed forces from six districts, which are outside of the Karabakh, return of civilian population and restoration of the main communication links in the conflict area;
on the 2-nd stage:
- definition of the status of the Nagorno-Karabakh as well as of Lachin and Shusha;
President of Armenia
Levon ter Petrosian, ex president of Armenia
The Secretary General of the Council of Europe voiced regret at the recent declaration on "ethnic incompatibility between Armenians and Azerbaijanis", made by President Kocharian of Armenia.
"Recalling dark pages of European history will never be a good electoral strategy", underlined Walter Schwimmer in reference to the upcoming presidential elections in Armenia.
Current president of Azerbaijan
President of Armenia
"as in previous years, the government sees the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh problem within peace negotiation process, emphasizing international recognition of the right of the "Artsakh" (Nagorno-Karabakh) people to self-determination and security guarantees of the population of the "Nagorno-Karabakh Republic". The very possibility of subordination of the "Nagorno-Karabakh Republic" to Azerbaijan is ruled out.“
"Karabakh must not be part of Azerbaijan, must have a common border with Armenia and that the self-determination of the Karabakh Armenians must be recognized by the world".
‘’ based on international legal norms and the recommendations indicated in the last resolution on the Nagorno Karabakh conflict passed by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, envisions
- liberating occupied lands,
- repatriating refugees,
- establishing relations between the Azerbaijani and Armenian communities and normalizing ties between the two countries. ‘’We consider the liberation of lands a beginning of this process....areas should be cleared from landmines and communication links restored in the future. ...these activities will be impossible without the support of the international community.
- concentrate on the causes of those feelings and develop adequate methods of their transformation and not only on finding political compromises
- be careful about the symbolic aspects of the actions.