Evolution of the world map
1 / 20

World map evolution (i) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Evolution of the World Map. A Antiquity. B Middle Ages. C Age of Discovery. D Modern Era ... Creation of the first accurate world maps. Central America, 1514 ...

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentationdownload

world map evolution (i)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Evolution of the world map l.jpg


Joseph Naumann -- UMSL

Evolution of the World Map

A – Antiquity

B – Middle Ages

C – Age of Discovery

D – Modern Era

Antiquity l.jpg


  • Herodotus (circa 450 BC)

    • Inspired by Pythagoras (530 BC) and his geometry.

    • Father of geography.

    • Basic physical and human geography.

    • Exploration and travel instead of geometry.

    • Coined the terms Europe, Asia and Africa (Libya).

Herodotus 450 b c recreation l.jpg

Herodotus (450 B.C.) (recreation)

Antiquity4 l.jpg



  • Aristotle (circa 350 BC)

    • Considered physical elements such as the temperature and winds as factors of the human habitat.

    • Division of the world in 3 climatic zones.

    • Relationships between the environment (temperature) and human habitat.

    • One of the first physical geographer.




Antiquity5 l.jpg


  • Eratosthenes (circa 250 BC)

    • Formally assumed the earth was round.

    • Calculated the circumference of the earth.

    • 40,572 km versus the exact figure of 40,091 km.

    • Developed the concepts of parallel and meridian.

    • Consequently introduced the concept of geographical location.

    • Created modern cartography (cartographic plane).

Eratosthenes 194 b c reconstruction l.jpg

Eratosthenes (194 B.C.) (reconstruction)

Antiquity7 l.jpg


  • Ptolemy (circa 150 AD)

    • Refined the coordinate system.

    • Inventory of population and resources.

    • Describing the world.

    • 8,000 entries.

    • Relationships between the physical and human elements.

    • Created map projections.

Ptolemy s 150 ad ulm edition world map 1482 l.jpg

Ptolemy's (150 AD) Ulm edition world map, 1482

Middle ages l.jpg

Middle Ages

  • Period of decline

    • The cartographic and regional approach was lost in Europe.

    • Representation of the world was “Christianized”.

    • Orthodoxy replaced objective observation and analysis.

    • “T and O” Maps.

    • Greek and Roman knowledge kept by the Byzantine Empire and by the Arabs.

Macrobian world map 5 th century l.jpg

Macrobian World Map (5th Century)

Redrawing of cosmas indicopleustes world 6 th century l.jpg

Redrawing of Cosmas Indicopleustes' World (6th Century)

World map of guido of pisa 1119 a d l.jpg

World Map of Guido of Pisa, 1119 A.D.

Jerusalem the center of the world l.jpg

Jerusalem, the Center of the World

Age of discovery l.jpg

Age of Discovery

  • Exploration and innovation

    • The 15th and 16th centuries were characterized by numerous maritime explorations.

    • A commercial expansion of European nations.

    • Several technical innovations.

      • The compass, more precise maps.

      • Larger ships (they passed from 200 to 600 tons during the sixteenth century), better ship structures and the rudder.

      • Insure a safe, fast and therefore profitable maritime navigation.

    • Creation of the first accurate world maps.

Central america 1514 l.jpg

Central America, 1514

Mappa geographia universalis h sherer 1703 l.jpg

Mappa Geographia Universalis (H Sherer 1703)

Modern era l.jpg

Modern Era

  • A complete world map

    • Early 20th century.

    • Complete and accurate view of the world.

    • Coordinate systems.

    • National inventories of resources.

  • Information technologies

    • Use of remote sensing (aerial photographs and remote sensing).

    • G.I.S. & Digital maps.

The living earth satellite composite 1995 l.jpg

"The Living Earth" Satellite Composite, 1995

Problem of distortion l.jpg

Problem of Distortion

  • All maps, by their very nature contain some type of distortion.

    • Converting a 3-dimensional spherical surface to a 2-dimensional “flat” surface.

Essentials of a good map l.jpg

Essentials of a good map

  • Title – view knows what to expect

  • Grid – allows for easy, accurate locating

  • Direction arrow or compass rose – to orient the map to reality

  • Scale – to allow one to relate distances on the map to the actual distances on the earth.

  • Key or Legend – so the viewer can understand what the symbols and colors represent.

  • Login