Buildings what s the problem
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Buildings what s the problem

Buildings:what’s the problem?

Sherman Clarke

New York University Libraries & Art NACO

ALA Midwinter: SACO-At-Large

San Antonio, January 2006

[email protected]


Issues for catalogers particularly those in art architecture or historical collections
issues for catalogers, particularly those in art/architecture or historical collections

  • name and body may share name, may not

    • construction of “artificial” names for building, e.g., Banca Commerciale Italiana Building (New York, N.Y.) [670 = Phone call to Paul Cohen, archivist at Lehman Brothers in New York City. Building now owned by Banca Commerciale Italiana and known by that name]

    • “-- Buildings” as subdivision under corporate names

  • historical names: resource in hand may be about building under earlier name, particularly important in picture collections

    • buildings can change name, function, even location

  • venues for exhibitions (space vs organizing group)


  • ARLIS/NA Cataloging Advisory Committee proposed LCRI to CPSO art/architecture or historical collections

    • http://artcataloging.net/ala/mw04/bldg2002.html

  • SAC Task Force on Named Buildings and Other Structures

    • http://www.ala.org/ala/alctscontent/catalogingsection/catcommittees/subjectanalysis/nbos/nbos.htm (final report and appendix of examples)


Some buildings act like corporate bodies
some buildings act like corporate bodies … art/architecture or historical collections

  • Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)

  • Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

  • Palazzo ducale di Colorno

  • St. Bartholomew’s Episcopal Church (New York, N.Y.)

  • Scotiabank

  • Pierpont Morgan Library

  • Carnegie Library (San Antonio, Tex.)

  • Orpheum Theater (Manchester, N.H.)

    HINT: all of these headings appear in LC/NAF, based on AACR


Some corporate bodies act like buildings
some corporate bodies act like buildings … art/architecture or historical collections

  • Williamsburgh Savings Bank Building (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y. : Broadway)

  • Carnegie Mansion (New York, N.Y.)

  • Villa Rotonda (Vicenza, Italy)

  • SONY Building (New York, N.Y.)

  • Palazzo ducale (Sassuolo, Italy)

  • Orpheum Theatre (Sioux Falls, S.D.)

    HINT: all of these headings appear in LC/SAF, based on SCM:SH


Or both
... or both art/architecture or historical collections

  • Museo di Palazzo vecchio (Florence, Italy)

  • Palazzo vecchio (Florence, Italy)

    • [SAF] Scope Note Here are entered works on the Palazzo vecchio as a building. Works on the museum housed within the Palazzo are entered under the name heading Museo di Palazzo vecchio (Florence, Italy).

  • Salone dei Cinquecento (Palazzo vecchio, Florence, Italy)


Or not
... or not? art/architecture or historical collections

  • Palazzo ducale (Mantua, Italy) [heading on n 88215117]

  • Museo di Palazzo ducale (Mantua, Italy) [reference/variant]

  • [one of 670s] references on sh 88006052: Castello dei Gonzaga (Mantua, Italy), Ducal Palace (Mantua, Italy), Gonzaga Castle (Mantua, Italy), Reggia dei Gonzaga (Mantua, Italy))


Saf naf
SAF/NAF art/architecture or historical collections

  • “divided world”: related to capability for authorship

    • buildings, ancient sites, artist groups

  • ease of record creation (SACO Program has eased the process of creating SH proposals; as with name authority work, internet resources can often help in verifying names of structures)


FRBR art/architecture or historical collections

  • entities in groups

    • Group 1: work, expression, manifestation, item

    • Group 2: persons, corporate bodies (capability of authorship)

    • Group 3: concept, object, event, place (subjects)

  • corporate bodies vs. FRBR objects

    • classes of objects vs. individual objects in those classes


Aacr2 earlier rules
AACR2 & earlier rules art/architecture or historical collections

  • institutions (e.g., churches, monasteries, public libraries, museums, theaters, hospitals)

  • name changes

    • AACR2 uses sequence of headings

    • SCM:SH uses latest name


Issues for catalogers particularly those in art architecture or historical collections continued
issues for catalogers, particularly those in art/architecture or historical collections(continued)

  • historical names: resource in hand may be about building under earlier name, particularly important in picture collections

  • venues for exhibitions (space vs organizing group)


Overview of scm sh h 1334
overview of SCM:SH H 1334 art/architecture or historical collections

  • model

    • heading: [name of structure] ([geographic qualifier])

    • reference(s): [alternate name(s)] (geog. qualifier)

    • broader term: [type of structure] $z [country or first-order subdivision]

  • direct order entry

  • preference for vernacular for post-1500 entities; preference for English for pre-1500 if well-established name in English

  • latest name


Lcsh or aat
LCSH or AAT art/architecture or historical collections

  • AAT doesn’t include individual buildings and building complexes

  • may be useful for building types

  • mixing vocabularies can be problematic

  • proposing LCSH based on AAT


Sources for building names
sources for building names art/architecture or historical collections

  • National register information system - http://www.nr.nps.gov/

  • Philadelphia architects and buildings - http://www.philadelphiabuildings.org/pab/

  • The great buildings collection - http://www.greatbuildings.com/gbc.html

  • The dictionary of art - online as http://groveart.com

  • Avery index to architectural periodicals(Avery Library, Columbia University and Getty Trust)

  • Google and other web browsers


More sources for building names and related issues
more sources for building names art/architecture or historical collectionsand related issues

  • your colleagues via:

    • SACOLIST

    • ARTNACO

    • SACO Mentor Program

  • more information on the buildings problem including links to reports of the SAC Task Force on Named Buildings and Other Structures


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