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1. The 7 Elements of Art
3. Examples of Colour
4. Colour Lessons Every student should make his/ her own colour wheel. It will be a tool in most lessons to follow in the future.
Identifying primary colours leads to secondary and then to tertiary. Colour evolves in to complimentary, warm, cool, etc.
5. Shape If you look around you, you will notice that almost everything we see is made
up of a Shape or combination of Shapes. Some of the
more common ones we have given names to, i.e.: circle, square
and rectangle. Others are so unique we call them freeform shapes. Lines are
used to draw Shapes. Artists draw Shapes when they
are making preliminary sketches for a drawing, painting or
sculpture. In the artroom it is often said "if you can draw the shapes, you
can draw anything". Shapes are categorized as
Geometric or Organic. Geometric shapes are usually angular
and appear frequently in man-made objects. Organic shapes are usually more
rounded and appear most often in nature. Now we'll see
why Shape is an important Element Of Art.
6. Examples of Shape
7. Shape Lesson Directions:
Using a red coloured pencil, trace over all the geometric shapes you can find in this sculpture.
Using a green coloured pencil trace over all the free-form or organic shapes you can find.
Using a blue coloured pencil circle all the ordinary objects you might recognize. List them.
8. Shape Lesson Directions: Create a Shape Collage made up of the primary colours plus black.
A collage is a work of art made up of pasted pieces of paper and possibly fabric glued to the surface of canvas, wood or paper.
Glue your shapes and strips onto the white 12 x 12” square construction paper. When you have finished, give it a creative title. Frame it onto a piece of 14 x 14” black construction paper.
9. Texture Visual Texture is the illusion of a three-dimensional surface. We
use our hands to feel real Texture. Think about what you feel
when you run your hands over the bark of a tree. Now think
about what the surface of a piece of sandpaper feels like. These
objects have real Texture, texture you can feel as well as see.
Artists strive very hard to imitate the look and feel of real Texture
in works of art. Perhaps an artist can't "make" the bark of a tree
in his landscape "feel" like real bark, but the viewer will "see" the
Texture and be able to associate it with the rough feel of actual
bark. Artists are masters of deception. In some works, the
viewer is tempted to actually reach out and touch a work of art
because it looks like it has a Texture. They are surprised to feel
only brushstrokes or a flat surface. The eye is tricked into seeing
a "real" Texture. Other artists purposefully add a "felt" texture to
the surface of their work. This allows the viewer to see actual
Texture and appreciate the interest Texture gives to a piece of art.
10. Example of Texture
11. Texture Lessons Provide a variety of examples of different textures and ask the students to identify them.
Create and label a variety of texture rubbings.
12. Value Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a colour. The benefits
of knowing how to manage value are very important to artists who
work two-dimensional striving to make their subjects, or the
objects in their work, "look" three-dimensional. Light effects a true
three-dimensional object in unique ways. Artists work hard to
reproduce these light effects in their works, even though the
drawing or painting is actually flat, two-dimensional. How many
times have you been tempted to reach into a painting to grab an
apple from the still life that looks so real you would think it was
actually there! The mastery of representing or imitating true value
has been one Element Of Art that many artists devote years of
study. Young artists who apprenticed with the great artists of
Europe, spent months and years learning how to control value. The
study of drapery, or how to make folded cloth look real in a painting
or drawings was a required exercise. Once mastered, the viewer
would look at the work and be tricked into thinking that the picture
actually had folded drapery.
13. Examples of Value
14. Value Lessons Create a Value Scale
Chiaroscuro is a method for applying value to a two-dimensional piece of artwork to create the illusion of a three-dimensional solid form. This way of working was devised during the Italian Renaissance and was used by artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael. In this system, if light is coming in from one predetermined direction, then light and shadow will conform to a set of rules.
15. Line For many art students as well as professional
artists, Line seems to be one of the important
Elements of Art. Imagine creating a painting,
sculpture or design without drawing lines to
divide the paper or canvas into recognizable
shapes and forms. Think about how important
a role Line plays in the creation process. Lines
can communicate an idea or express a feeling.
They can appear static or active. Lines define
16. Examples of Line
17. Line Lesson Create the following lines:
18. Line Lesson Exercise #1-
Materials Needed: pencil, paper
Think of 5 descriptive names for lines and draw them.
Horizontal line: _____________
Next to each adjective draw a line that expresses the emotional character of that line.
Feel the emotion as you draw
Calm, strong, explosive,
Fragile, silly, etc Exercise #2-
Materials needed: chalk, crayon, black tempera paint, paintbrush, a paper clip, a stick, ball point pen, construction paper, newsprint, notebook paper
Repeat exercise #1 using a variety of different materials and papers. Notice the visual difference and emotive characteristics when different mediums are used.
19. Form Form refers to three-dimensional shapes
that have length, width and depth. In
fact, Forms are three-dimensional. They
take up space. You can hold them, and
walk around them. A sculptor uses Form
three-dimensionally. However, a painter
or illustrator has to create the 'illusion' of
Form in their works.
20. Example of Form
21. Form Lessons Making objects look three-dimensional on a two- dimensional piece of paper.
This next exercise is designed to make you aware of how value
adds a sense of realistic volume to otherwise flat objects. Consider
this- What is the difference between a shape and a form? Between a
circle and a sphere?
Create a sculpture
22. Space One of the most difficult Elements Of Art to teach art
students about is Space. Often students look up and ask
what Space has to do with anything. How an artists uses
Space or chooses NOT to use Space adds a great deal to a
work of art. Space is so important, that we have names for
the types of Space in a work of art- Positive Space and
Negative Space. Positive Space is the space created by an
image or a sculpture. Negative Space is the Space around
and between parts of an image or a sculpture.
23. Example of Space
24. Space Lessons Tear out buildings from various types of paper to create a cityscape. Explore foreground/ background and horizon.
Create a black and white positive/ negative space design.
25. Sources http://www.brigantine.atlnet.org/GigapaletteGALLERY/websites/ARTiculationFinal/MainPages/ColorMain.htm