the 7 elements of art

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the 7 elements of art

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1. The 7 Elements of Art

3. Examples of Colour

4. Colour Lessons Every student should make his/ her own colour wheel. It will be a tool in most lessons to follow in the future. Identifying primary colours leads to secondary and then to tertiary. Colour evolves in to complimentary, warm, cool, etc.

5. Shape If you look around you, you will notice that almost everything we see is made up of a Shape or combination of Shapes. Some of the more common ones we have given names to, i.e.: circle, square and rectangle. Others are so unique we call them freeform shapes. Lines are used to draw Shapes. Artists draw Shapes when they are making preliminary sketches for a drawing, painting or sculpture. In the artroom it is often said "if you can draw the shapes, you can draw anything". Shapes are categorized as Geometric or Organic. Geometric shapes are usually angular and appear frequently in man-made objects. Organic shapes are usually more rounded and appear most often in nature. Now we'll see why Shape is an important Element Of Art.

6. Examples of Shape

7. Shape Lesson Directions: Using a red coloured pencil, trace over all the geometric shapes you can find in this sculpture. Using a green coloured pencil trace over all the free-form or organic shapes you can find. Using a blue coloured pencil circle all the ordinary objects you might recognize. List them.

8. Shape Lesson Directions: Create a Shape Collage made up of the primary colours plus black. A collage is a work of art made up of pasted pieces of paper and possibly fabric glued to the surface of canvas, wood or paper. Glue your shapes and strips onto the white 12 x 12” square construction paper. When you have finished, give it a creative title. Frame it onto a piece of 14 x 14” black construction paper.

9. Texture Visual Texture is the illusion of a three-dimensional surface. We use our hands to feel real Texture. Think about what you feel when you run your hands over the bark of a tree. Now think about what the surface of a piece of sandpaper feels like. These objects have real Texture, texture you can feel as well as see. Artists strive very hard to imitate the look and feel of real Texture in works of art. Perhaps an artist can't "make" the bark of a tree in his landscape "feel" like real bark, but the viewer will "see" the Texture and be able to associate it with the rough feel of actual bark. Artists are masters of deception. In some works, the viewer is tempted to actually reach out and touch a work of art because it looks like it has a Texture. They are surprised to feel only brushstrokes or a flat surface. The eye is tricked into seeing a "real" Texture. Other artists purposefully add a "felt" texture to the surface of their work. This allows the viewer to see actual Texture and appreciate the interest Texture gives to a piece of art.

10. Example of Texture

11. Texture Lessons Provide a variety of examples of different textures and ask the students to identify them. Create and label a variety of texture rubbings.

12. Value Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a colour. The benefits of knowing how to manage value are very important to artists who work two-dimensional striving to make their subjects, or the objects in their work, "look" three-dimensional. Light effects a true three-dimensional object in unique ways. Artists work hard to reproduce these light effects in their works, even though the drawing or painting is actually flat, two-dimensional. How many times have you been tempted to reach into a painting to grab an apple from the still life that looks so real you would think it was actually there! The mastery of representing or imitating true value has been one Element Of Art that many artists devote years of study. Young artists who apprenticed with the great artists of Europe, spent months and years learning how to control value. The study of drapery, or how to make folded cloth look real in a painting or drawings was a required exercise. Once mastered, the viewer would look at the work and be tricked into thinking that the picture actually had folded drapery.

13. Examples of Value

14. Value Lessons Create a Value Scale Chiaroscuro is a method for applying value to a two-dimensional piece of artwork to create the illusion of a three-dimensional solid form. This way of working was devised during the Italian Renaissance and was used by artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael. In this system, if light is coming in from one predetermined direction, then light and shadow will conform to a set of rules.

15. Line For many art students as well as professional artists, Line seems to be one of the important Elements of Art. Imagine creating a painting, sculpture or design without drawing lines to divide the paper or canvas into recognizable shapes and forms. Think about how important a role Line plays in the creation process. Lines can communicate an idea or express a feeling. They can appear static or active. Lines define objects.

16. Examples of Line

17. Line Lesson Create the following lines:

18. Line Lesson Exercise #1- Materials Needed: pencil, paper Think of 5 descriptive names for lines and draw them. For example: Horizontal line: _____________ Next to each adjective draw a line that expresses the emotional character of that line. Feel the emotion as you draw each line. Calm, strong, explosive, Fragile, silly, etc Exercise #2- Materials needed: chalk, crayon, black tempera paint, paintbrush, a paper clip, a stick, ball point pen, construction paper, newsprint, notebook paper Repeat exercise #1 using a variety of different materials and papers. Notice the visual difference and emotive characteristics when different mediums are used.

19. Form Form refers to three-dimensional shapes that have length, width and depth. In fact, Forms are three-dimensional. They take up space. You can hold them, and walk around them. A sculptor uses Form three-dimensionally. However, a painter or illustrator has to create the 'illusion' of Form in their works.

20. Example of Form

21. Form Lessons Making objects look three-dimensional on a two- dimensional piece of paper. This next exercise is designed to make you aware of how value adds a sense of realistic volume to otherwise flat objects. Consider this- What is the difference between a shape and a form? Between a circle and a sphere? Create a sculpture

22. Space One of the most difficult Elements Of Art to teach art students about is Space. Often students look up and ask what Space has to do with anything. How an artists uses Space or chooses NOT to use Space adds a great deal to a work of art. Space is so important, that we have names for the types of Space in a work of art- Positive Space and Negative Space. Positive Space is the space created by an image or a sculpture. Negative Space is the Space around and between parts of an image or a sculpture.

23. Example of Space

24. Space Lessons Tear out buildings from various types of paper to create a cityscape. Explore foreground/ background and horizon. Create a black and white positive/ negative space design.

25. Sources

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