Schizophrenia psychological theories
1 / 9

Schizophrenia: Psychological Theories - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

Schizophrenia: Psychological Theories. Family systems theory Psychosocial & environmental stress. Family Systems Theory. Origins in: The psychoanalytical tradition (the influence of the family on abnormal behaviour)

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Schizophrenia: Psychological Theories' - MikeCarlo

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Schizophrenia psychological theories l.jpg
Schizophrenia: Psychological Theories

  • Family systems theory

  • Psychosocial & environmental stress

Family systems theory l.jpg
Family Systems Theory

  • Origins in:

    • The psychoanalytical tradition (the influence of the family on abnormal behaviour)

    • Systems thinking (idea that things are best understood by looking at the relationships between a set of entities)

Family system l.jpg






Family System

A family can be seen as a set of entities, each interacting with all the others.

The behaviour of each entity can only be understood by looking at its relationships with the others

Family system4 l.jpg






Family System

If one person starts to behave abnormally the problem might not lie within that person

Their behaviour may be a manifestation of a problem occurring within the wider family system


Double bind theory bateson 1956 l.jpg
Double Bind Theory (Bateson, 1956)

  • Schizophrenia is a consequence of abnormal patterns in family communication

    • The patient is a ‘symptom’ of a family-wide problem

    • They become ‘ill’ to protect the stability of the family system

Double bind theory l.jpg
Double Bind Theory

  • In a double bind situation a person is given mutually contradictory signals by another person

    • This places them in an impossible situation, causing internal conflict

    • Schizophrenic symptoms represent an attempt to escape from the double bind

Double bind theory7 l.jpg
Double Bind Theory

  • Bateson (1956) reports clinical evidence (interviews, observations) illustrating use of double bind communication by parents of schizophrenia patients

    • Issues of researcher (confirmatory) bias

    • Problems with direction of causality

Double bind theory8 l.jpg
Double Bind Theory

  • Liem et al (1974) compared communication patterns in families with & without a schizophrenic member

    • Abnormality in parental communication was a response to the schizophrenic symptoms, not vice versa

    • Some issues with ecological validity

Double bind theory9 l.jpg
Double Bind Theory

  • Some evidence that family processes play a role in relapse of schizophrenia patients following stabilisation

    • Relapse more likely (58% vs. 10%) where family is high in ‘expressed emotion’ (Brown et al, 1966)

    • Families high in criticism, hostility & over-involvement lead to more relapse (Vaughn & Leff, 1976)