psychology and fairy tales

psychology and fairy tales PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Outline. Bruno Bettelheim (1903

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1: Psychology and Fairy Tales Bruno Bettelheim

3: Bruno Bettelheim

4: Bruno Bettelheim (Biography) 1903 born in Vienna 1938 Dachau, Buchenwald 1939 Chicago 1943 “Individual and Mass Behaviour in Extreme Situations” 1944 University of Chicago, Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School 1976 The Uses of Enchantment 1990 suicide

5: Bruno Bettelheim (Biographies) Nina Sutton. Bettelheim, a Life and a Legacy. Tr. from the French by David Sharp, in collaboration with the author. New York: Basic Books. 1996. Richard Pollak. The Creation of Dr. B: A Biography of Bruno Bettelheim. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1996.

6: Features of Child’s Psychology Animistic thinking No understanding of death Inability to grasp abstract concepts Personalized understanding Need for magic Vicarious satisfaction Children understand in tales what they are ready and able to understand

7: The Freudian Personality Id Ego Superego

8: Other Terminology Pleasure principle Reality principle Separation anxiety Oedipal conflict

9: The Uses of Enchantment (1) Who is the audience for Bettelheim's book? What are the respective roles of the literary and psychological aspects of fairy tales? What do children need to develop into emotionally healthy adults? How do fairy tales meet this need, while other children's literature does not? Why do children of all types prefer fairy tales to other children’s literature? How do we know that children like fairy tales?

10: The Uses of Enchantment (2) How do children achieve understanding of their conscious selves? How is the unconscious prevented from harming developing children? What is wrong with telling children that people are basically good? What is the basic effect of moral fairy tales? Of amoral fairy tales?

11: The Uses of Enchantment (3) What role does evil play in fairy tales? How do fairy tales encourage children to be good? Why is “and they lived happily ever after” comforting? Why are unrealistic fairy tales about lives very different from our own nonetheless meaningful? How does their lack of realism contribute to their meaning?

12: The Uses of Enchantment (4) Why is it important for parents to tell fairy tales to their children? How do fairy tales differ from myths? How are they similar?

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