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JingTao Yao DongWon Kim Joseph P. Herbert Department of Computer Science [email protected] www.cs.uregina.ca/~jtyao Supporting Online Learning with Games Contents Web-based Learning Support Systems (WLSS) Learning Order Indexing Treasure Hunt Game Adapted Treasure Hunt Game for Learning

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JingTao YaoDongWon KimJoseph P. HerbertDepartment of Computer [email protected]/~jtyao

Supporting Online Learning with Games


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Contents

  • Web-based Learning Support Systems (WLSS)

  • Learning Order Indexing

  • Treasure Hunt Game

  • Adapted Treasure Hunt Game for Learning


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Online Learning

  • Fulfilling education goal

  • Using electronic communications & Information technology

  • Various forms of learning contents

  • No limitation on time and no geographical restrictions

  • Assistance from groups of experts

  • Cost effective learning environment


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Student-centered Form of Education

  • Goal of online learning

  • Personalized education

  • Choosing best suitable course

  • Replaying learning contents

  • Skipping well-known parts

  • Customized tests


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Online Learning

  • Lack of motivation of learning

  • Insufficient flexibility of learning

  • Difficulty of finding appropriate learning materials

  • Incorporation of Web-based game with WLSS


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Why the Web?

  • Good accessibility

  • Student-friendly interface

  • Capability of delivering various forms of learning contents

  • Text, audio, graphics, animation, video

  • Vast resource for learning


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Web-based Learning Support Systems

  • Enhanced learning support systems with Web technology

  • Supporting teacher and student for education

  • Conducting education with own teaching method on the Web

  • Alternatives to traditional methods of learning


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Design Principles of WLSS

  • Encouraging in collaboration

  • Adapted contents based on each student’s knowledge

  • Interactive interface

  • Evaluation of student’s learning

  • Stimulating motivation of learning


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Web-based Game

  • No CD or DVD to install

  • Online delivery of game software

  • No limitation on time and no geographical restrictions to play

  • Depending on Internet speed


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Web-based Learning Game

  • Web-based game adapted for learning

  • Facilitating motivation of learning

  • Encouraging in collaboration

    with massively multiplayer games

  • Complement to Web-based learning (no motivation)


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Architecture of WLSS

Contents Management System

Internet

USER

Learning

Order

Indexing

Database

Domain

Knowledge

Base

Conventional

Indexing

Database

I

N

T

E

R

F

A

C

E

Information Retrieval Support System

Teaching Support System

Web-based Learning Game System

Course

Knowledge

Base

Academic

Dictionary

Database

User

Knowledge

Base

Membership Management System


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Learning Order Indexing

  • Indexing learningobjects by learning order based on student’s background knowledge

  • Indicating userpreference

  • Representing degree of relative difficulty between learning objects

  • Representing degree of relative difference between learning objects

  • Represented by Term Relationship Graph


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(t1,1,10)

(t2,2,10)

(t4,2,15)

(t3,2,10)

(t5,3,15)

(t6,3,17)

(t7,4,16)

Term Relationship Graph

  • Hierarchy graph G=(V, A)

    Vertices V=(t, l, s)

    A: a set of ordered pairs of vertices

    t: salient word or phrase

    l: level of hierarchy

    s: a number of sentences needed to describe t

  • Reachable t

    {t1, t2 , t5 , t7 }, {t1, t3 , t5 , t7 }, {t1, t4 , t6 , t7 }

  • Unreachablet

    {t2 , t3 , t4 }, {t5, t6 }, {t2, t3 , t6 }, {t4, t5}


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Treasure Hunt

  • Finding objects hidden by others:Originally an outdoor activity for children to find objects hidden by others.

  • Searching for clues and answers using Internet:In the online activity, a treasure hunt is an activity in which one searches for clues and answers using the Internet.


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Treasure Hunt Model

  • Good problem-solving approach to learning ( Marcus and Beck, 2003 )

  • Effective model for inquiry-based learning ( Hamelin, 2004 )

  • Useful to review students’ learning with fun and thrills ( Blas et al., 2004 )


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A Treasure Hunt Game

  • Web-based singleplayer game

  • Adventure game

  • Stage-based game

  • Finding some hiddentreasure among fake treasure with given clues


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A Treasure Hunt Game

  • Unearthing treasure and exploring treasure islands and dungeons

  • Threats from wild animals, pirates and so forth

  • Helps and clues from NPCs

  • Library event

  • Quiz event


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Adapted Treasure Hunt Game for Learning

  • Treasure => concept to be learned

  • Clues => description of treasure concepts

  • Fake treasure and threat=> conceptunrelated to treasure concepts

  • All names of the game objects except for fake treasure and threats => concepts related to treasure concepts


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Adapted Treasure Hunt Game for Learning

  • NPC personifying a concept

  • Library event => Web searching for treasure concept

  • Quiz event => Testing for measuring student’s understanding

  • Dynamically generated next stage storyline with next concepts to be learned


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Learning-Oriented Search Engine

Treasure Hunt Game

Interface

Game Database

User Knowledge Base

Membership Management

Clue Development Engine

Academic

Dictionary Database

Course

Knowledge Base

Architecture of Web-based Learning Game Subsystem


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(introduction,1,17)

(text,5,5)

(ascii,5,3)

(data communications,2,17)

(extended ascii,5,3)

(simplex,7,4)

(components,3,17)

(iso,5,2)

(half duplex, 7,6)

(directiondata flow,6,1)

(data representation,4,1)

(unicode, 5,4)

(networks,8,2)

(numbers,5,4)

(full duplex, 7,6)

(images, 5,13)

(audio, 5,4)

(video, 5,2)

Example: Part of Term Relationship Graph for Textbook



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Start

End

Quiz

Data Representation

Mountain

Event 1

Images

ISO

Audio

Extended

ASCII

Data communications

Video

Unicode

Numbers

Text

ASCII

Components

Threat

Fake treasure

Event

Protocol Village

Real treasure

Help

Example: A Treasure Map


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Conclusions

  • The Goal of WLSS is to provide a highly motivated learning environment with well-organized knowledge base.

  • Web-based learning game subsystem in WLSS stimulates students motivation of learning.

  • Learning order index represents student’s preference about learning objects.

  • The treasure hunt game is a good model for Web-based learning game.


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JingTao YaoDongWon KimJoseph P. HerbertDepartment of Computer [email protected]/~jtyao

Supporting Online Learning with Games



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