NAMING ELEMENTS. The chemical symbol and the name of the elements must be known before starting any discussion in chemistry. There is a correlation between the name and the chemical symbol. The chemical symbol is usually the first or the first and second letter of the name.
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The chemical symbol and the name of the elements must be known before starting any discussion in chemistry. There is a correlation between the name and the chemical symbol.
H stands for the hydrogen atom
He is helium Li is lithium
Mg is magnesium Mn is manganese
Fe is iron (ferrum: latin) Cu is copper (cuprum)
H = hydrogen atom Si = silicon Ag = silver
He = helium P = phosphorus Sn = tin
Li = lithium S = sulfur Zn = zinc
Be = beryllium Cl = chlorine Ar = Argon
B = boron Ba = barium Ni = nickel
C = carbon K = potassium (kalium) Pb = lead
N = nitrogen atom Ca = calcium Xe = xenon
O = oxygen atom Cr = chromium Au = gold
F = fluorine atom Fe = iron (ferrum)
Ne = neon Hg = mercury
Na = sodium (natrium) Cu = copper (cuprum)
Mg = magnesium I = iodine atom
Al = aluminum Br = bromine atom
These elements do not exist “alone” readily under the conditions experienced on the surface of the Earth.
H - hydrogen atom H2 - hydrogen
N - nitrogen atom N2 - nitrogen
O - oxygen atom O2 - oxygen
F - fluorine atom F2 - fluorine
Cl - chlorine atom Cl2 - chlorine
Br - bromine atom Br2 - bromine
I - iodine atom I2 - iodine
You must be extra careful (& specific) when naming these elements