Lin 5700 applied linguistics and second language acquisition
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LIN 5700 Applied Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition. Session Notes Dr. Elia Vázquez-Montilla. The Big Question. “How are we to account for the fact that virtually every child, without special training, exposed to surface level language data in interaction, builds for himself ----

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LIN 5700 Applied Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition

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Lin 5700 applied linguistics and second language acquisition

LIN 5700Applied Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition

Session Notes

Dr. Elia Vázquez-Montilla


The big question

The Big Question

“How are we to account for the fact that virtually every child,

  • without special training,

  • exposed to surface level language data in interaction,

  • builds for himself ----

  • in a short period of time, and

  • at a pre-logical stage in his development ---

  • a deep level, abstract and highly complex system of linguistic structure?”

    J. W. Lindfors, Children’s Language and Learning, 1980.


Basic ideas about language

First one is acquired swiftly, efficiently, and without instruction.

It has rules.

It has a sound system, a vocabulary, and a grammar system.

Languages have private codes.

Change is essential.

Languages are shaped by the needs of the speakers.

Writing is a derivative of speech.

Basic Ideas about Language:


Developmental sequence

Crying

Communicative Dance

Cooing

Babbling

Echolalic babbling

1 word stage (holophrastic)

pivot words (2 word stage)

telegraphic stage

overgeneralizations

Developmental Sequence


Acquistion vs learning

Acquisition

Similar to first language acqusition

“Picking up” a language

May not be in conscious awareness

Implicit knowledge

Errors accepted

Formal teaching does not necessarily help

Learning

Formal knowledge of a language

Knowing about a language

Deliberate and conscious efforts

Explicit knowledge

Errors corrected

Formal teaching helps

Acquistion vs. Learning


Theories about language acquisition

Behavioristic:

Children are born with a genetic inheritance for learning.

Learning occurs entirely through the action of the environment shaping the individual’s behavior.

Behavior is shaped through reinforcement.

Nativistic:

Structures and functions in the biological makeup cause language to be learned.

Regardless of environment, child can learn language if biologically equipped.

Environment affects the rate of learning.

Theories about language acquisition


More theories

Cognitivist:

cognitive development (and thus language) is a product of interaction between child and environment.

There is a fixed sequence of development determined biologically.

Children are born with innate capacity to develop logical thought. From this thinking, they develop language.

Social Interactionist:

Language and cognition develop together with verbalized thought produced around 2 years of age.

Social interaction at base of language development.

Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is range of possibility for higher learning or language development.

More theories...


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