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Exegesis of Scripture. Questions to ask the text. Exegesis. Exegesis is learning to ask the right questions of a biblical text. It is also learning the tools that it takes to answer those questions. Questions to ask a passage. 1. Textual Questions 2. Contextual Questions

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exegesis of scripture

Exegesis of Scripture

Questions to ask the text

exegesis
Exegesis
  • Exegesis is learning to ask the right questions of a biblical text.
  • It is also learning the tools that it takes to answer those questions.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

questions to ask a passage
Questions to ask a passage
  • 1. Textual Questions
  • 2. Contextual Questions
  • 3. Communication Questions
  • 4. Theological Questions
  • 5. Application Questions

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

questions to ask the passage
Questions to ask the passage
  • Textual Questions
    • 1. Textual Criticism
    • 2. Translation
    • 3. Structure

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

questions to ask the passage5
Questions to ask the passage
  • Contextual Questions
    • 1. Historical
    • 2. Cultural
    • 3. Literary

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

1 historical questions
1. Historical Questions
  • Historical Setting of the text
    • Time period, internal rulers, significant persons, events, political crises
    • External rulers, persons, events
    • Details of author, audience, etc.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

2 cultural questions
2. Cultural Questions
  • Social
    • View of human beings
    • Birth, education, marriage, death, etc.
    • What is valued, respected, feared, etc.
    • Economic situation and practices

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

2 cultural questions8
2. Cultural Questions
  • Religious
    • Nature of God and relationship with God
    • Assumptions about the world, creation, cosmos, etc
    • Nature or worship and assumptions
    • Other religious influences
    • Historical influences in religion (covenant, sacrifice, etc.)

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

3 literary questions context
3. Literary Questions (Context)
  • 1. Macro
    • place in canon
  • 2. Immediate
    • place in the book or section of a book
  • 3. Historical Context
    • Setting of the author or tradition

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

communication questions literary
Communication Questions (Literary)
  • These are normally literary questions that ask questions about the means and methods of communication in the text.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

communication questions
Communication Questions
  • 1. Form and/or genre
  • 2. Source and textual echoes
  • 3. Rhetorical devices
  • 4. Symbolism, Metaphors, etc.
  • 5. Syntax
  • 6. Key Words

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

theological questions
Theological questions
  • 1. Assumed in the passage
  • 2. Communicated by the passage

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

theological questions13
Theological Questions
  • What does the passage say about God?
  • What does it say about human beings?
  • What does it say about human relationship with God?

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

theological questions14
Theological Questions
  • What does the passage affirm about sin, justice, worship, ethics, etc.
  • What response does the passage expect from the reader?

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

application questions

Application Questions

All application should flow from the communication of the text.

application questions16
Application Questions
  • The goal of application is for the text to re-function in our setting in an analogous way to how it functioned in the original setting.
  • The literary genre of the book and form of the text should guide application.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

application questions17
Application Questions
  • “A text cannot mean what it never could have meant”
  • -Fee and Stuart, How to Read the Bible for All It’s Worth.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

application questions18
Application Questions
  • Things to look for to aid application
    • 1. Structure in the text
    • 2. Movement in the text
    • 3. Conflict and Resolution in the text

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

application questions19
Application Questions
  • 4. The human need or problem in the text
  • 5. The nature and activity of God in the text
  • 6. The human response sought or affirmed in the text

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

application questions20
Application Questions
  • 1. Move from human need and problem then to human need and problem now.
  • 2. Move from the nature and activity of God then to the nature and activity of God now.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

application questions21
Application Questions
  • 3. Move from the human response sought or affirmed then to the human response sought or affirmed now.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher

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