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Exegesis of Scripture. Questions to ask the text. Exegesis. Exegesis is learning to ask the right questions of a biblical text. It is also learning the tools that it takes to answer those questions. Questions to ask a passage. 1. Textual Questions 2. Contextual Questions

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Exegesis of Scripture

Questions to ask the text


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Exegesis

  • Exegesis is learning to ask the right questions of a biblical text.

  • It is also learning the tools that it takes to answer those questions.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Questions to ask a passage

  • 1. Textual Questions

  • 2. Contextual Questions

  • 3. Communication Questions

  • 4. Theological Questions

  • 5. Application Questions

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Questions to ask the passage

  • Textual Questions

    • 1. Textual Criticism

    • 2. Translation

    • 3. Structure

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Questions to ask the passage

  • Contextual Questions

    • 1. Historical

    • 2. Cultural

    • 3. Literary

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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1. Historical Questions

  • Historical Setting of the text

    • Time period, internal rulers, significant persons, events, political crises

    • External rulers, persons, events

    • Details of author, audience, etc.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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2. Cultural Questions

  • Social

    • View of human beings

    • Birth, education, marriage, death, etc.

    • What is valued, respected, feared, etc.

    • Economic situation and practices

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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2. Cultural Questions

  • Religious

    • Nature of God and relationship with God

    • Assumptions about the world, creation, cosmos, etc

    • Nature or worship and assumptions

    • Other religious influences

    • Historical influences in religion (covenant, sacrifice, etc.)

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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3. Literary Questions (Context)

  • 1. Macro

    • place in canon

  • 2. Immediate

    • place in the book or section of a book

  • 3. Historical Context

    • Setting of the author or tradition

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Communication Questions (Literary)

  • These are normally literary questions that ask questions about the means and methods of communication in the text.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Communication Questions

  • 1. Form and/or genre

  • 2. Source and textual echoes

  • 3. Rhetorical devices

  • 4. Symbolism, Metaphors, etc.

  • 5. Syntax

  • 6. Key Words

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Theological questions

  • 1. Assumed in the passage

  • 2. Communicated by the passage

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Theological Questions

  • What does the passage say about God?

  • What does it say about human beings?

  • What does it say about human relationship with God?

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Theological Questions

  • What does the passage affirm about sin, justice, worship, ethics, etc.

  • What response does the passage expect from the reader?

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Application Questions

All application should flow from the communication of the text.


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Application Questions

  • The goal of application is for the text to re-function in our setting in an analogous way to how it functioned in the original setting.

  • The literary genre of the book and form of the text should guide application.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Application Questions

  • “A text cannot mean what it never could have meant”

  • -Fee and Stuart, How to Read the Bible for All It’s Worth.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Application Questions

  • Things to look for to aid application

    • 1. Structure in the text

    • 2. Movement in the text

    • 3. Conflict and Resolution in the text

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Application Questions

  • 4. The human need or problem in the text

  • 5. The nature and activity of God in the text

  • 6. The human response sought or affirmed in the text

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Application Questions

  • 1. Move from human need and problem then to human need and problem now.

  • 2. Move from the nature and activity of God then to the nature and activity of God now.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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Application Questions

  • 3. Move from the human response sought or affirmed then to the human response sought or affirmed now.

Copyright © 2006 Dennis Bratcher


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