Prison reforms in resource poor settings south asia experience
1 / 19

Prison Reforms in Resource Poor Settings - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

Prison Reforms in Resource Poor Settings - South Asia Experience. Dr. Jayadev Sarangi, Prison Expert UNODC Regional office for South Asia. ICPA Conference Prague, 28 October 2008. Realities on the ground. Over-crowding Majority are remand prisoners High prisoner turnover

Related searches for Prison Reforms in Resource Poor Settings

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Prison Reforms in Resource Poor Settings' - Michelle

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Prison reforms in resource poor settings south asia experience l.jpg

Prison Reforms in Resource Poor Settings- South Asia Experience

Dr. Jayadev Sarangi, Prison Expert


Regional office for South Asia

ICPA Conference

Prague, 28 October 2008

Realities on the ground l.jpg
Realities on the ground

  • Over-crowding

  • Majority are remand prisoners

  • High prisoner turnover

  • Low civil society participation in prison reforms

  • ‘We’ and ‘Them’ Divide

  • Protection mechanisms for the weak and vulnerable inadequate

  • Constraints - human and financial resources

  • Low awareness - drugs and HIV

    • Denial – “no sex, no drug, no violence”

    • Sexual risk behaviour – MSM, coercion

    • Large number of married inmates

  • Post release follow up of prisoners is very negligible

Prison reforms key elements l.jpg
Prison reforms:key elements

  • Application of Standard Minimum Rules for Treatment of Prisoners-

    A Human Rights perspective

  • Advocate for and create awareness to ensure that adjustment of laws and policies should be in conformity with international standards and norms on diversions, restorative justice and non-custodial sanctions

    • Reduce prison overcrowding

    • Expedite disposal of cases

    • Alternate sentencing

Prison reforms key elements4 l.jpg
Prison reforms:key elements

  • Capacity of Member States to apply international standards on the professional management/operation of prisons

  • Increased application by Member States of strategies to improve overall healthcare of prisoners including the reduction of the spread of drugs/HIV in Prisons of South Asia

  • Sensitization and capacity building of law enforcement officials

Slide5 l.jpg

Prevention of drugs and HIV in prisons of South Asia (Project RAS/H71)

Prison Intervention sites

Disclaimer: The boundaries do not reflect the official position of UNODC

Our response l.jpg
Our Response (Project RAS/H71)

  • Advocacy

  • Sensitization and training at 3 levels

    • Policy makers, senior Government and civil society partners

    • Middle level Government and civil society partners

    • Field level prison officials and prison inmates

    • Select prison inmates as ‘peers’ to deliver key messages and training to their peers

  • Roll out of interventions (including gender sensitive programming)

  • The approach l.jpg
    The approach (Project RAS/H71)

    • Creating avenues for safer practices - build trust

    • Incremental steps

    • Use of existing provisions within the laws,

      regulations and the socio-cultural milieu

    • Inclusive approach - drug using and non drug using populations (men and women prisoners)

    • Pave way for launching prison reform initiatives in resource poor settings

    Coverage l.jpg

    Bangladesh - 4 (Project RAS/H71)

    Sri Lanka - 8

    Maldives - 3

    Nepal - 4

    India - 9

    418 National Trainers

    5,400 prison inmates trained

    27,000 prison inmate beneficiaries

    28 Master Trainers


    Slide9 l.jpg

    Major achievements (Project RAS/H71)

    • More opportunities for scaling up

      (e.g., Bhutan, Maldives, Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bangladesh)

    • Capacity of Governments and civil society partners strengthened

    • A critical mass of human resources trained and active

    • Demand for newer elements of prison reforms created

    Slide10 l.jpg

    Hand Holding for launching newer prison reforms initiatives (Project RAS/H71)


    networking &

    peer led intervention- involving

    Prison staff, inmates, NGOs

    Breaking the “Us”

    and “Them” Divide

    Building partnerships-

    prison officials, civil society,


    Training &





    Slide11 l.jpg

    This is just the beginning… (Project RAS/H71)

    please visit us at:

    Unodc tools l.jpg
    UNODC Tools (Project RAS/H71)

    The gender dimension l.jpg
    The gender dimension 2008

    HIV/AIDS Interventions for Female Injecting Drug Users (FIDU) and Female prisoners in Nepal, Afghanistan and Pakistan

    • Assessment of risk behaviours of female injecting drug users in prisons

    • To increase access to medical/ health services for female injecting drug users

    • To reduce unsafe injecting through peer involvement

    • To create a de-stigmatising and enabling environment for women

    Slide16 l.jpg

    Comprehensive Packages * 2008

    • Needle and Syringe Programmes (NSP)

    • Opioid Substitution Therapy (OST)

    • Voluntary HIV Counselling and Testing (VCT)

    • Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART)

    • Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) prevention

    • Condom programming for IDUs and partners

    • Targeted Information, Education and Communication (IEC) for IDUs and their sexual partners

    • Hepatitis diagnosis, treatment (Hepatitis A, B and C) and vaccination (Hepatitis A and B)

    • Tuberculosis (TB) prevention, diagnosis and treatment.


    Monitoring mechanism l.jpg

    Chief Peer Patron (Superintendent) 2008

    Deputy Chief Peer Patron (Deputy Superintendent / Chief Jailor)

    Peer Monitoring


    Coordinator Peer Patron (A. S. / Jailor)

    Welfare Officer

    Peer Patron (Head warder / Overseer)

    Peer Volunteer

    Peer Assembly








    Peer Training

    Peer Group –A

    Monitoring Mechanism

    Resource poor settings l.jpg
    Resource poor settings 2008

    • Decongest prisons

      • Decriminalise petty offences

      • More alternate sentencing measures

      • Community sentencing

      • Change of laws

    • Use of existing human resource for multi tasking

    • Use of prisoner resources for prisoner welfare measures

    • Cost effective interventions

    • Effective civil society partnership

    Slide19 l.jpg

    Addressing gender concerns 2008

    • Stereotyped gender relationships – Unequal power balance in relationships.

    • Marginalization by society – Strong feelings of powerlessness, low self esteem and self confidence.

    • Lack of family support, social networks & financial services.

    • Lack of gender sensitive services, including lack of trained female service providers with appropriate skills.

    • Lack of Information and access to health services, including HIV/AIDS prevention & care programmes.

    • Special needs of women prisoners with children

    • Stigma & discrimination.