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“An Environmental Sustainability” Linking CDM into National Development Planning. Amjad Abdulla Ministry of Environment, Energy and Water Maldives Workshop on Developing Regional Strategy for CDM in the Asia Pacific Region 30-31 March 2006 Bangkok, Thailand . Presentation Outline.

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An environmental sustainability linking cdm into national development planning l.jpg

“An Environmental Sustainability”Linking CDM into National Development Planning

Amjad Abdulla

Ministry of Environment, Energy and Water

Maldives

Workshop on Developing Regional Strategy for CDM in the Asia Pacific Region

30-31 March 2006

Bangkok, Thailand


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Presentation Outline

  • Special vulnerability and Development Challenges

  • National Sustainable Development Strategies

  • Vision 2020

  • Institutional framework

  • Recommendations


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VISION 2020

  • Vision 2020 – declared by President in July 99

  • To make Maldives a top-ranking middle income developing country

  • Has important social, economic and environmental goals

  • A very comprehensive participatory consultative process

  • All islands, all atolls participated

  • Regional and National Level consultations

  • Implementation strategies document


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Development Planning

  • First plan 1950-52

  • Second plan 1985-87

  • Sixth plan 2001-2005

  • Seventh Plan 2006 -2010

  • Sixth NDP – a strategic plan

  • Seventh NDP – a result oriented plan

  • Policy framework for sectoral plans and programmes


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Regional Development

  • A priority policy of government

  • Regional Development Plan – 1995

  • Regional Development Project Phase 1

  • Northern Development Region

  • Southern Development Region

  • Regional Development Management Offices (RDMOs)


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Tourism Planning

  • First Tourism Master Plan

  • Second Tourism Master Plan

  • 14 Islands developed (1st Phase)

  • 11 new Islands to be developed (2nd Phase)

  • Selection of islands

  • Links to population consolidation and spatial planning

  • EIAs very successful


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Natural Resources

  • Fisheries –master plan development in process

  • Agriculture –master plan development in process

  • Transport issues


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Institutions

  • NCPE

  • MEEW

    • DoM

    • ERC

    • MWSA

    • MEA

  • MPND, MoT, MoHA,,MoAD, MHUD,

  • MFT, MMA, DER,AGO and Audit Office


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Environmental Planning

  • NEAP I (1990)

  • NEAP II (1998)

  • EIA

  • First NC to UNFCCC (2001)

  • National Biodiversity Strategy (2002)

  • State of the Environment (2002, 2004)

  • Air Pollution Strategy

  • National Waste Management Strategy


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Laws and Regulations

  • NEPA (Act 4/93) of April 1993

    environmental guidance

    protected areas/species

    EIA

    Termination of projects

    Waste disposal

    Hazardous wastes

    Fines & compensation

  • Fisheries law

  • Tourism law and regulations

  • EIA Guidelines


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Impact Assessment

  • EIA mandatory – Act 4/93 – clause 5

  • EIA screening

  • Assessment process

  • Review

  • Monitoring

  • Project Appraisal


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Priority Issues

  • Climate Change and Sea level rise

  • Sustainable Transportation and Energy

  • Coastal Zone Management

  • Conservation of Biological Diversity

  • Integrated Reef Resources Management

  • Integrated Water Resources Management

  • Management of Solid Wastes and Sewage

  • Pollution Control and Managing Hazardous Wastes

  • Sustainable Tourism Development

  • Land Resources Management

  • Human Settlements and Urbanisation


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Future Policy Directions

  • Continuous assessment of state of the environment to base decisions on science and knowledge

  • Consultation and working with all relevant sectors of society to ensure stakeholder participation in decision making

  • Increasing public awareness and environmental education to get effective public participation in environmental protection


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Future Policy Directions

  • Continuous assessment of state of the environment to base decisions on science and knowledge

  • Consultation and working with all relevant sectors of society to ensure stakeholder participation in decision making

  • Increasing public awareness and environmental education to get effective public participation in environmental protection


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Involvement in decision making

  • NGOs given the opportunity

  • NGOs need capacity building

  • Role of island development committees

  • Women’s development committees

  • No NGO participation in National Commission for Protection of Environment


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ODA

  • Declining

  • Donor priorities

  • National level co-ordination

  • SIDS Donors Meeting

  • External debt rising


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Maldives & UNFCCC

  • Maldives signed UNFCCC in 1992 and ratified in 1993

  • 1st country to signed and ratify the KP

  • Played an active role in UNFCCC & KP process through AOSIS

  • National Clean Development Mechanism Authority to be Established in the MEEW


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Institutional Framework on CDM

  • Ministry of Environment, Energy and Water

  • National Commission for the Protection of the Environment (NCPE)

  • Chairperson of NCPE to be National Focal Point

  • Head of Policy and Planning Division of the MEEW as the Secretariat to coordinate the structuring of CDM operation and Management in the Maldives


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Maldives Policy on Climate Change

  • Adaptation

  • National Communication

  • Mitigation

  • Research and Observation System

  • Education, Training and Public Awareness

  • Capacity Building

  • Development and Technology Transfer

  • Clean Development Mechanism


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Tentative CDM Project Criteria

  • Voluntary Participation

  • Sustainable Development

    • Environment

    • Economic

    • Social and including public participation

  • Technology Transfer

  • Legislation Compliance





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Draft List of Documents for Submission

  • Application from

  • IEE

  • Participation Qualification



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