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Tracking the Cycle of PA Success. Julie DeBardelaben Deputy Director, Public Affairs 2005 Summer National Conference. Mission Statement. To inform internal and external audiences of Civil Air Patrol’s national importance; enable the organization to grow; protect the image and assets

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Tracking the cycle of pa success l.jpg

Tracking the Cycleof PA Success

Julie DeBardelaben

Deputy Director, Public Affairs

2005 Summer National Conference


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Mission Statement

To inform internal and external audiences of Civil

Air Patrol’s national importance; enable the

organization to grow; protect the image and assets

of the corporation; and strengthen relationships with

key audiences and customers.


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Planning

  • The Four-Step Process

    • Defining the problem.This involves probing and monitoring knowledge, opinions, attitudes and behaviors of those concerned with and affected by the acts and policies of an organization – research and fact finding. In essence, this is an organization’s intelligence function as it requires determining “What’s happening now?”

    • Planning and programming. This involves bringing the intelligence to bear on the policies and programs of the organization. It results in decisions affecting program target audiences, objectives, procedures and strategies in the interests of all concerned. This step in the process answers “What should we do andwhy?”


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Planning

  • Taking action and communicating. This involves implementing the plans and programs through both action and communication designed to achieve specific objectives related to the program goal. With respect to each of the publics, the question is “How do we do it and say it?”

  • Evaluating the program.This involves determining the results of the program, as we are assessing the effectiveness of program preparation and implementation. Adjustments can be made in the continuing program or the program can be stopped after learning “How did we do?”


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Ten Steps in Preparing a Plan

  • The Problem

  • Situation Analysis

    a. Internal Factors

    b. External Factors

  • Program Goals

  • Significant Publics

    a. (Public #1)

    b. (Public #2)

    c. (etc.)


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Ten Steps In Preparing A Plan

5. Program Objectives for Each Public

a. ( Public #1)

b. ( Public #2)

c. ( etc.)

6. ActionProgram Strategies

7.Communication Program Strategies

a. Message Strategies

b. Media Strategies

8. Program Evaluation


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Ten Steps In Preparing A Plan

9. Program Implementation Plans

a. Assignment of Responsibilities

b. Schedule

c. Budget

10. Feedback and Program

Adjustments

Taken from Effective Public Relations by Cutlip, Center and Broom


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Excerpts from Air University’s Public Affairs Strategic Plan

Goal 9: Continuously contact and educate new audiences through community relations programs

Objective 1: Continue community outreach through base tours, speakers bureau and interaction with chambers of commerce.

  • __ Hold a civic leader tour biannually

  • __ Visit area chambers quarterly to maintain strong community relations

  • __ Maintain active list of quality, motivated speakers


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Excerpts from Air University’s Public Affairs Strategic Plan

  • __ Encourage senior leadership to speak to the community and participate in external community events

  • __ Ensure all community audiences are identified and methods of communication are effective

  • __ Share AU and Air Force themes and messages with the community


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Excerpts from Air University’s Public Affairs Strategic Plan

Objective 2: Continue to build base tour program

  • __ Increase size of volunteer tour guide pool

  • __ Add potential tour stops to planning list


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Excerpts from Air University’s Public Affairs Strategic Plan

Objective 3: Efficient handling of noise complaint calls

  • __ Aircraft noise complaints forwarded to appropriate office within one hour of call

  • __ Provide answer to complainant within 24 hours


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Excerpts from Air University’s Public Affairs Strategic Plan

Goal 10: Communicate with and educate the public through aggressive media relations program

Objective 1: Energize and educate media to gain more balanced, thorough, accurate coverage

  • __ Conduct media orientations

  • __ Brief media annually on what PA can and will do for them in crisis situations

  • __ Ensure maximum disclosure, minimum delay


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Excerpts from Air University’s Public Affairs Strategic Plan

Objective 2: Aggressively pursue all positive media coverage

  • __ Distribute news releases, schedule interviews, media visits and photo opportunities whenever possible

  • __ Use AU and Air Force themes and messages during all media encounters


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Excerpts from Air University’s Public Affairs Strategic Plan

Objective 3: Educate disaster response team members about their responsibilities and PA’s role regarding media interaction during a crisis

  • __ Brief off-base agencies annually

  • __ Brief on-base agencies at least annually


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Excerpts from Air University’s Public Affairs Strategic Plan

Goal 11: Provide customers on-demand service

Objective 1: Ensure up-to-date fact sheets and biographies are posted on base Web site

  • __ Fact sheets reviewed and updated annually

  • __ Biographies updated within one month after change of command or promotion


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Excerpts from Air University’s Public Affairs Strategic Plan

Objective 2: Have current Economic Impact Analysis and other community information readily available

  • __ Ensure office personnel know where to obtain EIA and other information in order to provide information to requestors on demand

    Objective 3: Each office section will have updated continuity books (media, comrel, internal, security/policy review, admin)

  • __ Maintain continuity books so any office member can answer basic questions in short order


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Excerpts from Air University’s Public Affairs Strategic Plan

Objective 4: PA staff will keep each other’s divisions informed of all high-vis events about which the office is likely to receive queries, i.e., Glenn Miller, July 4th, Air Show, etc.

  • __ POC will provide basic information to director and division chiefs via e-mail or place hard copy on all desks (Qs & As, RTQs, news releases)


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How to Set Up Editorial Board Meetings

  • A newspaper’s editorial section is among the most widely read and influential pages in the paper.


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How to Set Up Editorial Board Meetings

  • Editorials that are written by the newspaper’s editorial staff are extremely influential in setting public opinion and mobilizing a community to take action.


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How to Set Up Editorial Board Meetings

  • Editorial board meetings allow interested parties or groups to present their point of view on issues that are important to them and the community. The paper then takes these views into consideration when deciding what editorial stances to take and even what stories to cover.

  • Editorial board meetings usually include the editorial page editor, one or more editorial writers and often a reporter who covers the issue being discussed.


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How to Set Up Editorial Board Meetings

  • To set up an editorial board meeting with your newspaper:

  • Call or write the head of the editorial board at your local newspaper. Newspapers will know exactly what you are asking for when you request a meeting with the editorial board.


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How to Set up Editorial Board Meetings

  • In most instances, their assistant will either connect you or ask you to send a letter or e-mail.


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How to Set up Editorial Board Meetings

  • Select up to four people to meet with the editorial board. You should assemble a diverse group to meet with the editorial board.


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How to Set Up Editorial Board Meetings

  • Plan your remarks. One person generally acts as the spokesperson and introduces the issue. Your presentation to the editorial board should take no more than 15 or 20 minutes.

  • After the presentation, the members of the editorial board generally ask questions of the group.

  • Be sure to provide a media kit.

    Taken from www.coveringkidsandfamilies.org


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Setting Up a Speaker’s Bureau

The speaker’s bureau is a means of providing speakers on request.

  • The subject matter usually represents a compromise between the speaker’s desire to express organizational views on important issues and the audience’s interest in having informative programs.

  • The speaker’s bureau is a valuable medium for any organization with something important to say to key groups of influence and community groups.


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Setting up a Speaker’s Bureau

  • There are four points worth remembering in providing speakers to outside groups:

  • First, carefully select and coach the line-up of speakers;

  • Second, select topics that serve the needs of potential audiences and carry the organization’s story or positions on important issues of public debate;

    3.Third, provide speakers visual aids -- flip charts, slides, overhead transparencies, films or videotapes; and


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Setting Up a Speaker’s Bureau

4. Fourth, promote and publicize the availability of the speakers to appropriate groups.


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Rules of Good Media Relations

  • Rules for Good Media Relations

    • Good relationships can best be achieved by practice of a few basic principles:

    • Shoot squarely

    • Give service

    • Don’t beg or carp

    • Don’t ask for kills

    • Don’t flood the media

    • Keep updated lists


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Rules of Good Media Relations

Specific Guidelines

  • Practitioners can profit from close study of these guidelines developed by an experienced counselor, Chester Burger:

  • Talk from the viewpoint of the public’s interest, not the organization’s.


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Rules of Good Media Relations

2. Speak in personal terms whenever possible.

3. If you do not want some statement quoted, do not make it. Spokespersons should avoid talking “off the record” because such statements may well wind up published without the source.

4. State the most important fact at the beginning.


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Rules of Good Media Relations

5. Do not argue with the reporter or lose your cool. Understand that the journalist seeks an interesting story and will use whatever techniques necessary to obtain it.

6. If a question contains offensive language or simply words you do not like, do not repeat them even to deny them. Reporters often use the gambit of putting words into the subject’s mouth.

7. If the reporter asks a direct question, give an equally direct answer. Not giving one is a common error.


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Rules of Good Media Relations

8. If a spokesperson does not know the answer to a question, one should simply say, “I don’t know, but I’ll find out for you.” With this, the spokesperson assumes the responsibility of following through.

9. Tell the truth. Even when it hurts. In this era of skepticism and hostility, the most difficult task is often simply telling the truth.

10. Do not exaggerate the facts. Crying wolf makes it harder to be heard next time out.


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Rules of Good Media Relations

These guidelines simply add up to the rule that profitable press relations require adherence to the “five Fs”: Dealing with the journalist and program producers in a manner that is fast, factual, frank, fair and friendly.

Taken from Effective Public Relations by

Culip, Center and Broom.


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Introducing CAP’s Hometown News Release Program

Sample Release

CAP Cadets Build New Plans at Aircraft Maintenance Academy

(name)_____________ of _____(hometown)___________was one of 21 Civil Air Patrol cadets who attended a new summer academy on aircraft manufacturing and maintenance.

The event was held July 16-23 at the Cessna Manufacturing plant in Independence, Kan.

During the seminar, the cadets, representing 14 different state CAP wings, installed aircraft wings, upholstered seats, assembled fuel cells and painted new aircraft. They also went through the actual pre-employment testing administered to regular employees, safety briefings and rivet training.


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Introducing CAP’s Hometown News Release Program

“The workforce was eager for us to get there and to show us their jobs. The cadets got to work hands-on, and they were impressed with the workers’ professionalism,” said Maj. Phil Holbrook, project activities director.

Civil Air Patrol, the official auxiliary of the U.S. Air Force, is a nonprofit organization with almost 56,000 members nationwide and overseas. CAP performs 95 percent of all continental U.S. inland search and rescue missions as tasked by the Air Force Rescue Coordination Center at Langley Air Force Base, Va. Its volunteers also perform homeland security, disaster relief and counterdrug missions at the request of federal, state and local agencies.


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Crisis Communications

The basic principles of effective communication all apply during times of crisis. But when an emergency situation turns up the heat, these additional guidelines should help you and your staff keep your cool:

  • Always return media calls. A “bunker mentality” won’t make a problem or the media go away. So make it a point to get back to reporters -- even if they call more


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Crisis Communications

than once and even if they’re hostile. The more cooperative you appear, the better.

  • Really Communicate. When you’re talking with media representatives, that means both talking and listening. During crisis time, try to be informative, friendly and patient. And take time to listen, too. Reporters can provide you with useful information.


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Crisis Communications

  • Don’t antagonize the media.A sharp tone at a press conference, during a phone call or elsewhere can affect your future relationship with a media representative and any other reporters who may have overheard the conversation.

  • Hold the phones. Consider establishing a dedicated call-in telephone line for the media and other interested parties.


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Crisis Communications

Particularly useful when incoming calls tie up your regular phones, a dedicated call-in line allows you to record on tape and easily update important news such as times and dates of upcoming media events, rumor control information and other newly acquired details.

  • Think about others. Consider how the information you release to the media may affect other sources. If what you say will


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Crisis Communications

result in reporters calling other agencies or individuals, you need to call ahead to warn them of impending calls.

  • Share the spotlight.When talking to media, be sure to give credit to other agencies, groups, or individuals working on the crisis, including your own staff. But don’t do so just because it’s courteous; do so because it will enhance your relationships and reflect well on you and your wing.


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Crisis Communications

  • Take a proactive approach. If you acquire new information about the crisis, reach out to media -- even if things are frantic. Everybody’s looking for a “twist” on the story that no else has. If you provide reporters with a special angle, it can pay off later.


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Crisis Readiness Test

Crisis Readiness Test

  • For which types of crises are you prepared?

  • Community-related?

  • Accident?

  • Natural disaster?

  • Disease?

  • Crime?

  • Scandal?

  • Administrative or governance problem?


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Crisis Readiness Test

  • Have you drafted a crisis plan for your wing or unit ?

  • Is everyone prepared to use it when needed?

  • Who heads the crisis response team?

  • Have you distributed your crisis plan to the appropriate Wing administrators?


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Crisis Readiness Test

3. How fast can you assemble a crisis team?

  • Does your crisis plan specify the team’s

    composition for a variety of crises?

  • Do you have a crisis communications chain in place?

  • Have you identified alternate team members in case any first draft picks are out of town or otherwise unable to serve?

  • How will you communicate when power and phone lines are down?


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Crisis Readiness Test

4.Who are the members of your crisis team?


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Crisis Readiness Test

  • Who will speak for your Wing?


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Crisis Readiness Test

6. Do you have a phone notification list that includes the following key audiences?

  • Members of the crisis team?

  • Local agencies and outside officials?

  • Updated information for all media representatives?


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Crisis Readiness Test

  • Have you worked out the following logistical details in advance?

  • Potential news conference sites?

  • Availability of phone, fax machines and computers?

  • Inventory of video and uplink equipment?

  • List of area hotels and motels?

  • Parking for media representatives?

  • Staff availability?


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Crisis Readiness Test

8. Are your media relations sound?

  • Did you work to build – and maintain – good working relationships with the media before the crisis hit?

  • During times of crisis, can your staff handle media requests calmly and truthfully in a relationship of mutual trust?

  • Does your PAO have direct, immediate access to your Wing Commander?


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Crisis Readiness Test

  • How swiftly can you meet the following communication needs?

  • Get word to everyone in the Wing?

  • Develop a comprehensive news release?

  • Provide a news briefing?

  • Hold an informational forum?

  • Set up a rumor-control hotline?


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Crisis Readiness Test

  • Are your ties to the local community strong?

  • Neighborhood groups?

  • Police, fire, safety, health departments?

  • Mayor and town, county or state officials?


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Crisis Readiness Test

Taken from: “When Crisis Strikes on Campus”

Edited by: Wendy Ann Larson

Published by: Council for Advancement and Support of Education


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Community Service Promotional Ideas for Patriotic Holidays

  • By encouraging CAP members to become involved in community service on behalf of their units, they will be provided opportunities to render meaningful service.

  • A calendar of events can be established based on patriotic holidays such as Memorial Day, Flag Day, July 4th, Veteran’s Day and perhaps the anniversary of the Wright Brothers’ first flight, as well as CAP’s anniversary.


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Community Service Promotional Ideas for Patriotic Holidays

  • The calendar could cite suggested activities, such as participating in parades, helping out at community

    events (parking cars, etc.), and, whenever possible, performing color guard ceremonies at sporting events and other functions.

  • The possibilities are endless. Taking water to families that have no air conditioning in extreme heat, taking blankets to underprivileged families in

    winter, cleaning up playgrounds, and/or


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Community Service Promotional Ideas for Patriotic Holidays

participating in Arbor Day are all viable venues for engaging members, generating publicity and enhancing CAP’s image.

Ideas provided by Linda Tynan, Creative Design, CAP


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Everyday Heroes Testimonials

Promote CAP’s image by generating testimonials on members associated with events of national interest.

  • Conduct research to uncover significant stories; follow up on the status of these heroes today and the role CAP continues to play in their lives. The testimonials can also relate to natural disasters, such as hurricanes and tornadoes.


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Everyday Heroes Testimonials

  • Public interest in these testimonials can be measured by hits on the Web site and stories picked up by the local media.


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

By: Lt. Col Karen Copenhaver, Middle East Region

As a CAP Public Affairs Officer,

you must have tools to do the job of

public relations. There are many

published materials, guides, tips,

training/study guides and other types of

materials available to help you do your job.

CAP, the U.S. Air Force and the Public

Relations Society of America are resources you

can lean on for assistance and mentoring.


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

Don’t forget you can also rely on your own initiatives of taking journalism and public relations classes.

The following information provides some valuable “tools” that will enable you to enjoy your responsibility as a CAP Public Affairs Officer.


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

  • Purchase a full set of CAP Regulations.


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

B. Request a PAO Kit from CAP National Headquarters. This valuable package of materials contains many items necessary to begin your efforts.

C. Create a Continuity Book. This book is one of the key elements in being successful. It contains everything from the CAPR 190-1 (Public Affairs Regulation), CAPP 201 (PA Study Guide),


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

media lists, political contacts, local and community contacts, emergency services information (logs, state and local authorities, additional emergency service organization contacts) report forms, wing supplements and much more. This is a comprehensive three-ring binder of materials that support the Public Affairs program.


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

D. Purchase the Associated Press Stylebook. It is available at many bookstores and is the most acceptable book used in writing and editing news releases.

E. Establish contact with your local Public Relations Society of America chapter www.prsa.com (national Web site). It can be an excellent resource for learning and providing training for a group of PAOs.


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

F. Use informational recruiting materials and the Annual Report to Congress, which are available from national headquarters to help inform the public about CAP and its valuable contributions to the community and nation.

G. Create or use pre-written public service announcements. These outstanding tools help you personalize information about CAP as an organization, invite the prospective member to join for specific jobs or tasks, and announce events your unit is hosting.


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

H. An independent tool that many do not use is the local library. If you do not have public relations experience, you can check out books on public relations and journalism to enhance your skills. The more professional your work the better.


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

I. Establish a rapport with your local media. They are very willing to befriend you, especially in an atmosphere where you can explain that you and they have something in common -- a desire to provide news to the public. Ask them what type of information they need and want.


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

J. Participate in public affairs courses through the Air Force’s Air University and state and local emergency service offices (Office of Emergency Services). These courses enhance your ability to function in the day-to-day efforts and in the intense world of emergency services.


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Tools of The Trade: A Must For Public Affairs Officers

K. Enroll in photography and journalism classes. These courses will provide better insight into nurturing good photography skills and composing well-written releases.

L. Subscribe to an online public relations newsletter.


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Multimedia Resources Available Online

  • Homeland Security Resource Video

  • CAPabilities Video

  • Advanced Technology Video

  • Commercials/PSAs

  • NCC Video

  • CNN Video

  • History Channel Video

  • Aerospace Education Video

  • Everyday Heroes Video

  • Radio PSA commercial

  • These can all be downloaded at

    ftp://video:[email protected]


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