Powered Industrial Trucks (P.I.T.). Powered Industrial Truck 29 CFR 1910.178 Final Rule. “1.5 million workers operating nearly 1 million powered industrial trucks.”. Roughly 100 workers killed per year related to powered industrial truck operations. 36,340 Serious injuries.
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“1.5 million workers operating nearly 1 million powered industrial trucks.”
Roughly 100 workers killed per year related to powered industrial truck operations.
36,340 Serious injuries.
95,000 Injured (lost work days) per year
An estimated 20 - 25% of accidents are caused by,
a lack of training or inadequate training.
13Struck something or ran off a dock
19Worker pinned between objects
29Worker struck by material
24Worker struck by lift truck
24Worker fell from lift truck
10Worker died during lift truck repair
27%35 - 44
22%25 - 34
21%45 - 54
12%56 - 64
10%20 - 24
5%65 & Over
1. Operators must be trained per truck.
2. Operators must be trained in their environment.
3. Operators must be evaluated and certified. Competency on truck - in their environment.
Effective date: March 1, 1999
Compliance date: December 1, 1999
OSHA estimated that - after its regulations are fully effective. The U.S. will begin saving 11 of those lives and avoiding 10% of the current toll of injuries in the U.S.
Or, one life a month.
The powered industrial truck operator training requirements are performance-oriented to permit employers to tailor a training program to the characteristics of their workplaces and the particular types of powered industrial trucks operated.
A powered industrial truck is defined as a mobile, power-propelled vehicle used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack, or tier material. Powered Industrial Trucks can be ridden or controlled by a walking operator.
Excluded are trucks used for earthmoving and over-the-road hauling. Equipment that was designed to move earth but has been modified to accept forks are also not included.
Development of a Training Program
Amount of Training
Type of Training
Sufficiency of Training of operator to:
Acquire, Retain, & Use Knowledge, Skills , and Ability to Operate Safely
Periodic evaluation - each operator’s performance
Refresher Training Required when :
Accident or near miss
Deficiency found in periodic evaluation
Narrow wheel track
Center of Gravity is higher and moves in a significant range w/loads
3 or 4 wheels, Steers from the rear
Wide wheel track
4- point suspension
Center of Gravity is low and moves in a narrow range
4 wheels , Steers from the front
Refresher training , including an evaluation of the effectiveness of that training, shall be conducted as required by paragraph (L)(4)(ii) to ensure the operator has the skills needed to operate the powered industrial truck safely
Refresher training in relevant topics shall be provided to the operator when:
The employer shall certify that each operator has :
Name of Trainee Operator
Date of Training
Date of the Evaluation
Identify the person(s) performing the training and evaluation
The user is responsible. When you hire an outside source to perform some of the training, you, the user, are fully responsible for everything that is done in the evaluation.
If something is ignored you are responsible.
The employer will be cited.
How well does an outsider know your trucks and your facility?