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PERANCANGAN PEMBANGUNAN NOSS DAN PERSIJILAN KEMAHIRAN MALAYSIA PANG CHAU LEONG, Majlis Latihan Vokasional Kebangsaan (MLVK) Kementerian Sumber Manusia, Malaysia. 23 Jun 2004. MLVK. CONTENTS . NATIONAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING COUNCIL (NVTC).

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slide1

PERANCANGAN PEMBANGUNAN NOSSDANPERSIJILAN KEMAHIRAN MALAYSIAPANG CHAU LEONG,Majlis Latihan Vokasional Kebangsaan (MLVK)Kementerian Sumber Manusia, Malaysia.23 Jun 2004

contents

MLVK

CONTENTS

NATIONAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING COUNCIL (NVTC).

BACKGROUND & DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL SKILL STANDARDS & CERTIFICATION IN MALAYSIA.

2.1 NEED FOR A NATIONAL SYSTEM

2.2 RATIONALE FOR CHANGE

2.3 CURRENT STATUS

DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL SKILL STANDARD (NOSS) IN MALAYSIA.

DEVELOPMENT & IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION IN MALAYSIA.

FUTURE CHALLENGES

slide3

MLVK

NATIONAL VOCATIONAL

TRAINING COUNCIL

(NVTC).

slide4

vocational and industrial skills training

TO FULFILL

NATIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

MLVK

NATIONAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING COUNCIL (NVTC)

Established 2 May 1989

  • PURPOSE
  • FORMULATE
  • PROMOTE
  • CO-ORDINATE
slide5

MLVK

NVTC’S ORGANISATION

MINISTER OF HUMAN RESOURCES

COUNCIL

SECRETARIATE

SKILLS ADVISORY

COMMITTEES

COMMITTEE FOR CO-ORDINATION

OF PUBLIC TRAINING AGENCIES

STANDARD &

CERTIFICATION COMMITTEE

nvtc s main role

WORKPLACE

REQUIREMENTS

MLVK

NVTC’SMAIN ROLE

TRAINING

PROVIDER

slide7

MLVK

NVTC’S FUNCTIONS

NOSS

TRAINING GUIDES

SKILL NEEDS

NVTC

NOSS DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION

CO-ORDINATION

PROMOTION

INDUSTRY/EMPLOYERS

EMPLOYMENT

TRAINING INSTITUTIONS

TRAINING

QUALIFIED/COMPETENT

WORKFORCE

TRAINED

WORKFORCE

slide8

MLVK

NATIONAL

SKILL STANDARDS

& CERTIFICATION:

WHY IS IT NEEDED?

slide9

MLVK

MULTIPLICITY OF TRAINING-

NEED FORCO-ORDINATION

MIN. OF HUMAN RESOURCES

VARIOUS MINISTRIES

MIN. OF EDUCATION

STATE GOVERNMENTS

MIN. OF YOUTH & SPORTS

MIN. OF ENTREPRE. DEVELOPMENT

PRIVATE TRAINING INSTITUIONS

EMPLOYER-BASED TRAINING

slide10

WORLD

OF WORK

MLVK

RELEVANT SKILLS WORKFORCE-

NEED FORSKILLS MATCHING

TRAINING

PROVIDERS

slide11

.. The most important resource of any nation must be the talents, skills, creativity and will of its people…. Our people is our ultimate resource.

VISION

2020

Investments in HUMAN CAPITAL be given priority in order to achieve the highest degree of COMPETENCE and PROFESSIONALISM to ensure the competitiveness of the tourism industry.

8TH.

MALAYSIA

PLAN

2001-2005

MLVK

PUBLIC POLICIES

slide12

LIFELONG LEARNING

NECESSARY

IN TODAY’S WORKPLACE

LIFELONG LEARNING

PROMOTED THROUGH

…A FORMAL SCHEME

OF SKILL QUALIFICATION

AT THE NATIONAL-LEVEL

MLVK

TODAY’S REALITY-

NEED FORLIFELONG LEARNING

slide13

MLVK

NATIONAL

SKILL STANDARDS

& CERTIFICATION:

NEW APPROACH

slide14

MALAYSIAN SKILL CERTIFICATION :

NEED FOR REFORM

MLVK

  • 1991-1992
  • CABINET COMMITTEE ON TRAINING.
  • TO EXPAND ACCREDITATION OF SKILLS.
  • To include new technologies and skills.
  • To include higher level skills.
  • To expand private sector involvement.
  • To provide upgrading opportunities to

technicians and higher level jobs.

slide15

1991

JKML: EXPAND ACCREDITATION

OF SKILLS

1993

MLVK INTRODUCE

NEWNATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION

FRAMEWORK

1991-1992

MLVK OVERHAUL

NATIONAL SKILL STANDARDS

& CERTIFICATION SYSTEM.

MLVK

BACKGROUND

NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION

slide16

MLVK

MALAYSIAN SKILL CERTIFICATION

(The Accreditation Approach)

A new approach in skill certification

to replace Testing System....

  • Introduced in June 1993
  • Malaysian Skill Certificates (MSC) &
  • Statement of Achievement (PC) - Levels 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5
  • Based on National Occupational Skill Standard (NOSS)
  • Continuous Assessment: Formative Evaluation
  • Flexible Assessment Methods
  • Flexible Assessment Centres - Training Centres & Workplaces
slide17

FRAMEWORK

FOR NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION

IN MALAYSIA

MLVK

JOB

CATEGORY

SKILLS

QUALFICATION

SKM LEVEL 5

MANAGEMENT

SKM LEVEL 4

SUPERVISORY

SKM LEVEL 3

SKM LEVEL 2

OPERATION & PRODUCTION

SKM LEVEL 1

KEY

SKILLS

RELATED KNOWLEDGES

SUPERVISION / MANAGEMENT

slide18

MLVK

COMPETENCY-BASED SKILLS TRAINING IN MALAYSIA

NOSS DEVELOPMENT

(MLVK)

NEED ANALYSIS

(INDUSTRY/

LABOUR MARKET)

OCCUPATIONAL

ANALYSIS

JOB

ANALYSIS

TASK

ANALYSIS

SKILL ADVISORY COMMITTEES (MLVK)

INSTRUCTIONAL

ANALYSIS

-----------------------

INSTRUCTIONAL &

LEARNING DEVPT.

INDUSTRY /

EMPLOYERS

NATIONAL SKILL

CERTIFICATION

(MLVK)

QUALIFIED /

COMPETENT WORKERS

SKILL DELIVERY

slide19

MLVK

NATIONAL

SKILL STANDARDS

& CERTIFICATION:

CURRENT STATUS

slide20

MLVK

PUSAT BERTAULIAH MLVK

1993-2003

slide21

MLVK

PROGRAM YANG DITAULIAH

1993-2003

slide22

MLVK

ACCREDITED CENTRES / PROGRAMMES

AGENCY/CATEGORY

CENTRE

PROGRAMME

  • Ministry of Human Resources 20 394
  • Ministry of Entrepreneur Development 143 537
  • Ministry of Youth & Sports 14 210
  • Ministry of Education 66 417
  • Ministry of Agriculture 7 16
  • Ministry of Home Affairs 15 42
  • Ministry of Defence 12 141
  • Ministry of National Unity & Social Development. 4 8
  • Ministry of Rural Development 2 19
  • Ministry of Primary Industries 1 2
  • Johore State Education Foundation 11 119
  • Sarawak State Chief Minister’s Office 1 16
  • Institutions under State Authorities 21 217
  • Employers Training Institutions 23 108
  • Private Training Institutions 1,495 4,867
  • Association Training Institutions 2 2
  • Non-Destructive Testing Institutions 3 25

TOTAL

1,840

7,140

slide23

MLVK

DEVELOPMENT OF

NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL

SKILLS STANDARD

(NOSS)

IN MALAYSIA.

national occupational skill standards noss

MLVK

NATIONAL OCCUPATIONALSKILL STANDARDS (NOSS)

A specification of COMPETENCIES expected of a skilled worker who is gainfully employed in Malaysia in an occupational area and level.

key criteria of noss

MLVK

KEY CRITERIA OF NOSS
  • INDUSTRIAL CONSULTATION
  • LEVELS - 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5
  • PERFORMANCE STANDARD
  • DUTIES & TASKS
description of level 1 3

MLVK

Description of Level (1-3)

Level 1 : Competent in performing a range of varied

activities, most of which areroutineand

predictable.

Level 2 : Competent in performing a significant range

of varied work activities, Some of the

activities arenon-routineand required

individualresponsibilityandautonomy.

Level 3 :Competent in performing a broad range of

varied work activities, performed in variety of

contexts, most of which are complex and

non-routine. There is considerable responsibility

and autonomy,and controlor guidance of

others is often required.

description of level 4 5

MLVK

Description of Level (4 - 5)

Level 4 : Competent in performing a broad range of

of complex technical or professional work activities

performed in a wide variety of contextsand with a

substantial degree of personal responsibility and

autonomy. Responsible for the work of othersand allocation of resources is often present.

Level 5 : Competent in applying range of fundamental principles

and complex techniques across a wide and often unpredictable variety of contexts.Very substantial

personal autonomy,and often significant responsibility

for the work of others and for the allocation of

substantial resources feature strongly, as do personalaccountabilities for analysis and diagnosis, design,

planning, execution and evaluation

procedure for developing noss

MLVK

PROCEDURE FOR DEVELOPING NOSS

NEEDS ASSESSMENT

- Labour Market Analysis

- OCCUPATIONAL ANALYSIS

NOSS to be

established ?

Selection of DACUM Workshop

PARTICIPANTS & FACILITATOR

JOB ANALYSIS

- Preparation of JOB PROFILE CHART

DACUM Workshop – Phase 1

TASK ANALYSIS

- Preparation of TASK PROFILE

DACUM Workshop – Phase 2

VERIFICATION of Draft NOSS

APPROVAL by

Standards & Certification Committee

slide29

DEVELOPMENT OF NOSS

OCCUPATIONAL

ANALYSIS

NOSS DEVELOPMENT

MLVK

PHASE 1

MLVK

JOB

ANALYSIS

PHASE 2

Skills Advisory

Industry/Employer

TASK

ANALYSIS

  • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
  • Job Profile Chart
  • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
  • Task Profile

MLVK

slide30

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NOSS

Occupational

Analysis

PEMBANGUNAN SKPK

MLVK

FASA 1

MLVK

Job Analysis

FASA 2

Skills Advisory Committee

Industry/Employer

Task Analysis

  • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
  • Job Profile Chart
  • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
  • Task Profile

MLVK

OCCUPATIONAL ANALYSIS

  • PURPOSE :
  • To identify career and job structures.
  • To identify job titles.
  • To identify position / level of jobs.
  • Based On:
  • INDUSTRY CONSULTATION/INPUT
  • Skill Advisory Committee
  • Ad-Hoc Committee
job analysis

MLVK

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NOSS

Occupational

Analysis

PEMBANGUNAN SKPK

MLVK

JOB ANALYSIS

FASA1

MLVK

Job Analysis

FASA 2

Trade Advisory Committee

PURPOSE :

To determine the Job Profile

(duties & tasks) for a specific job.

Industry/Employer

Task Analysis

  • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
  • Job Profile Chart
  • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
  • Task Profile

PHILOSOPHY :

The best source of job analysis information is

expert & experienced workers who are currently doing the job.

slide32

MLVK

TASKANALYSIS

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NOSS

Occupational

Analysis

PEMBANGUNAN SKPK

MLVK

FASA 1

MLVK

Job Analysis

FASA 2

Trade Advisory Committee

Industry/Employer

Task Analysis

  • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
  • Job Profile Chart

PURPOSE:

To develop Task Profile for every task in

a specific NOSS

  • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
  • Task Profile
  • 8 to 12 experts/practitioners/trainers
  • 4 to 5 days/nights
  • cost of RM4,000 to RM5,000
  • output are Task Profiles
task analysis

MLVK

TASK ANALYSIS

Definition:

A PROCESS TO ENSURE THAT WHAT IS TAUGHT IN A TRAINING PROGRAM IS DERIVED FROM WHAT REALLY OCCURS AT THE JOB

To Ascertain:

  • Performance Standards ( PS )
  • Steps
  • Enabling Requirements
  • Tools, Equipment and Materials
slide34
1. Draughtsman

2. Building Construction

3. Woodworking & Furniture

4. Tourism & Travel

5. Hotel

6. Theme Park

7. Welding Technology & Metal Fabric.

8. Non-Destructive Testing

9. Machinery & Land Transportation

10. Motor Vehicle Assembly

11. Maritime

12. Crane Operator

13. Motorcycle Assembly

14. Aeronautic

15. Printing Technology

16. Personal Services

17. Business & Finance

18. Textile & Apparel

19. Handicraft

20. Electrical

21. Electronic, Audio & Video

22. Precision Instrument

23. Information Technology – Computer / Multimedia

24. Telecommunication

25. Plastic Technology

26. Metal Machining Technology

27. Mechanical Maintenance

28. Tool & Die Making

29. Foundry

30. Mechatronics

31. Weapon Technology

32. Land Surveying

33. Scuba Diving - Recreation / Commercial

34. Supplementary

NOSS - INDUSTRY SECTORS

MLVK

slide35

TRAINING WORLD

WORLD OF WORK

  • Training Standard
  • Training Curriculum
  • Training Material/Learning Resources
  • Equipment & Tool Listing/Training Facilities
  • Instructor Profile
  • Job Entry Requirement
  • Workers Performance
  • Evaluation
  • Job Modification
  • Job Description
  • Career Development/Planning
  • Basis For Wages/Compensation

ASSESSMENT

CERTIFICATION

MLVK

NOSS APPLICATIONS

slide36

MLVK

DEVELOPMENT OF

NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION

IN MALAYSIA:

THE ACCREDITATION

APPROACH

slide37

OFFER SKM

ADMINISTER & MAINTAIN QUALITY

OF SKM

MLVK

CONCEPT OF ACCREDITATION

PROCEDURE IN WHICH THE NVTC

EVALUATES & APPROVES

AN ORGANISATION TO-

ACCREDITATION FOR

- SPECIFIC SKILL PROGRAMME

- DURATION

48

slide38

PROCEDURE OF APPLYING

AS AN ACCREDITED CENTRE.

MLVK

IDENTIFY SKILL PROGRAMME

TO BE ACCREDITED

OBTAIN NOSS

STUDY NOSS REQUIREMENT

ABLE TO MEET ACCREDITATION

REQUIREMENTS?

NO

IMPROVE / RECTIFY

YES

SUBMIT APPLICATION

RECEIVE ASSESSMENT VISIT

TABLE IN STANDARD & CERTIFICATION COMMITTEE

NO

ACCREDITED?

YES

RECEIVE CERTIFICATE OF ACCREDITATION

slide39

APPLICATION DOCUMENTS MLVK/T1001(P3)

1. Personal Details of Applicant 2. Details of Proposed Accredited Centre 3. Details of Ownership 4. Details of Centre Location and Premise.

SEC. B : ENDORSEMENT OF APPLICATION

BAH. A : MAKLUMAT ORGANISASI

SEC. A : INFORMATION ON APPLICATION &

PROPOSED ACCREDITED CENTRE

1. CEO’s Confirmation 2. Endorsement by Commissioner of Oath.

1. Programme Applied for 2. Entry Pre-requisites 3. Student Capacity 4. Duration of Training Programme 5. Fees Structure 6. Learning Contents/Course of Study 7. Supplementary Subjects

SEC. F : OTHER INFORMATION

SEC. C : INFORMATION ON PROPOSED PROGRAMME

SEC. E : PHYSICAL FACILITIES & EQUIPMENT

SEC. D : ASSESSMENT & QUALITY ASSURANCE

SEC. F : OTHER INFORMATION

SEC. C : INFORMATION ON PROPOSED PROGRAMME

SEC. D : ASSESSMENT & QUALITY ASSURANCE

SEC. E : PHYSICAL FACILITIES & EQUIPMENT

1. Assessment Techniques 2. Internal Verification Procedures & Quality Control 3. Details of Trainers 4. Details of Assessors, Internal Verifiers & Centre Manager 5. Centre Assessment Panel.

1. Layout of Workshop, Lab, Lecture Rooms, Resource Centre, Offices, etc. 2. Inventory/Tools & Equipment at Premise 3. Use of Third Party Equipment & Facilities.

1. Career Prospects for Graduates 2. Other Information to Support Application.

MLVK

slide40

MLVK

ACCREDITATION APPROVAL

1. LETTER & CERTIFICATION

OF ACCREDITATION.

2. CONDITIONS & REGULATIONS

OF ACCREDITATION.

UNDERTAKING TO COMPLY WITH

CONDITIONS & REGULATIONS

- SUBMITTED WITHIN 21 DAYS

slide41

MLVK

QUALITY CONTROL

SYSTEM & PROCEDURES

quality assurance malaysia skill certification

MLVK

ACCREDITED CENTRE

* APPLICATION & APPROVAL PROCEDURES

QUALITY ASSURANCE MALAYSIA SKILL CERTIFICATION

ASSESSMENT & VERIFICATION

* BASED ON NOSS

* DOCUMENTATION - CAR / STUDENT PORTFOLIO

ACCREDITATION PERSONEL

* ASSESSOR

* INTERNAL VERIFIER

* CENTRE MANAGER

* EXTERNAL VERIFIER

* CANDIDATE

slide43

MLVK

PARTIES INVOLVED IN QUALITY ASSURANCE

NVTC

EXTERNAL VERIFIER

CENTRE

HEAD OFFICE

ACCREDITED CENTRE

CENTRE MANAGER

PPD

INTERNAL VERIFIER

PPD

PP

PP

PP

ASSESSOR

PP

PP

C

C

C

C

C

CANDIDATE

slide44
EXPERT IN SPECIFIC SKILL AREA.

COMPRISING OF TRAINERS IN AN ACCREDITED CENTRE.

21 YEARS & ABOVE

AT LEAST 1 YEAR OF RELEVANT WORKING EXPERIENCE

  • SUCCESSFULLY ATTENDED ACCREDITATION INDUCTION COURSE
  • APPOINTED BY ANY ACCREDITED CENTRE.

MLVK

CRITERIA OF ASSESSOR & INTERNAL VERIFIER

SPECIFIC CRITERIA FOR ASSESSOR

FROM 1 JAN 2004,

ASSESSOR

MUST POSSESS SKM

FOR RELEVANT

PROGRAMME

SPECIFIC CRITERIA FOR INTERNAL VERIFIER

  • USUALLY SUPERVISOR (SENIOR) TO ASSESSOR
  • AT LEAST KNOWLEDGEABLE IN RELEVANT SKILL AREA.
  • COMPRISING OF PERSONNEL FROM ACCREDITED CENTRE.
slide45

USUALLY CENTRE PRINCIPAL / MANAGER / HEAD

INTERMEDIARY BETWEEN MLVK &

ACCREDITED CENTRE.

KNOWLEDGEABLE ON ADMINISTRATION OF TRAINING INSTITUTION GENERALLY & IMPLEMENTATION OF MALAYSIA SKILL CERTIFICATION SPECIFICALLY.

ATTENDED SUCCESSFULLY ACCREDITATION INDUCTTION

COURSE.

MLVK

CRITERIA OF ACCREDITED CENTRE MANAGER

slide46

ACCREDITED & APPOINTED BY MLVK.

HAS NO VESTED INTEREST IN THE ACCREDITED CENTRE APPOINTED FOR.

EXPERT IN IMPLEMENTATION OF MALAYSIAN CERTIFICATION SYSTEM- ACCREDITATION APPROACH.

MLVK

CRITERIA OF EXTERNAL VERIFIER

slide47

CARRIES OUT VERIFICATION VISITS

  • & REPORT ON-
  • TRAINING
  • QUALITY CONTROL
  • ASSESSMENT
  • RECOMMENDATION OF CONTINUING, OR OTHERWISE, OF ACCREDITATION.

MLVK

ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF EXTERNAL VERIFIER

  • 2. CHECKS & VERIFIES CANDIDATE PORTFOLIO.
  • 3. CHECKS & VERIFIES APPLICATION FOR CERTIFICATION
  • CONFIRMS THAT QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM OF ACCREDITED CENTRE MEETS MLVK REQUIREMENTS.
slide48

MLVK

ASSESSMENT

PRINCIPLES & PROCEDURES

slide49

MLVK

DEFINITION OF ASSESSMENT

A PROCESS

TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE COMPETENCIES OF

A PARTICULAR CANDIDATE

MEET THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE RELEVANT NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL SKILL STANDARD (NOSS).

slide50

MLVK

ASSESSMENT PRINCIPLES

1.BASED ON NOSS.

2. THE APPROACH OF

FORMATIVE EVALUATION IS ADOPTED.

3. ASSESSMENT TAKES COGNISANCE OF KNOWLEDGE & ATTITUDE, BUT REQUIRES PERFORMANCE (SKILLS)

AS THE MAIN BURDEN OF PROOF.

slide51

A DOCUMENTATION PROCEDURE TO COLLECT & KEEP ASSESSMENT RECORDS AND EVIDENCES ALREADY ACHIEVED AND VERIFIED FOR THE PURPOSE OF NATIONAL CERTIFICATION.

PREPARED BY CANDIDATE WITH GUIDANCE FROM ASSESSOR.

CHECKED & VERIFIED BY INTERNAL VERIFIER

CHECKED & VERIFIED BY EXTERNAL

VERIFIER

MLVK

ASSESSMENT RECORD: CANDIDATE PORTFOLIO

slide52

RECORD OF CANDIDATE REGISTRATION WITH NVTC

CUMULATIVE ASSESSMENT RECORD

TRAINING PATHWAY

NOSS MATRIX

JOB PROFILE CHART (FROM NOSS)

DUTY SEPARATOR

TASK MARKER

TASK PROFILE FOR TASK NO. 01.01 (FROM NOSS)

ASSESSMENT EVIDENCES

TASK PROFILE FOR TASK NO. 01.02 (FROM NOSS)

ASSESSMENT EVIDENCES

DUTY SEPARATOR

TASK PROFILE FOR TASK NO. 02.01(FROM NOSS)

ASSESSMENT EVIDENCES

MLVK

CANDIDATE PORTFOLIO

PENANDA TUGAS

slide53

MLVK

VOCATIONAL SKILL TRAINING

IN MALAYSIA:

FUTURE CHALLENGES

slide54

CHALLENGES FOR EDUCATION & TRAINING

DEVELOPING KNOWLEDGE-WORKERS

* ENHANCING COMPUTER LITERACY

* DEVELOPING SKILLS & COMPETENCIES REQUIRED

BY NEW TECHNOLOGIES & ECONOMY

* PROVIDING ENABLING INFRASTRUCTURE AND

ENVIRONMENT.

MLVK

MEETING NEW DEMANDS

OF K-ECONOMY

KN0WLEDGE WORK INVOLVES ACTIVITIES

THAT ARE LARGELY -

* INFORMATION BASED

* KNOWLEDGE INTENSIVE

* KNOWLEDGE GENERATING

slide55

MLVK

FURTHER EXPANSION OF PUBLIC

VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAINING

MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCES

- 15 ITIs/ADTECs.

MINISTRY OF ENTREPRENEUR DEVELOPMENT

- 58 GIAT centres/ IKMs / IKTMs.

MINISTRY OF YOUTH & SPORTS

- 13 IKBNs / IKTBNs.

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION

- 200 polytechnics / technical &

vocational schools / community colleges.

slide56

MLVK

ENHANCING FURTHER TRAINING

& RETRAINING

* MAKING TRAINING

AVAILABLE &ACCESSIBLE.

* EXPANDING & DIVERSIFYING

LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES

* PROMOTING CULTURE OF

LIFELONG TRAINING & LEARNING.

slide57

Expanding the supply of highly skilled

and knowledge manpower...

Improving the quality of education and training to ensure that manpower supply is in line with technological change and market demand.

Promoting lifelong learning to enhance employability and productivity of the labour force.

(8MP, pp.111-2)

MLVK

8TH. MALAYSIA PLAN, 2001-2005

HUMAN RESOURCE POLICY THRUSTS

slide58

MLVK

8TH. MALAYSIA PLAN, 2001-2005

DEVELOPMENT BUDGET

20.6% (RM22.67 BILLION)

of total allocation for

EDUCATION & TRAINING

RM4.0 BILION for TRAINING alone

- compared to RM2.24 BILLION

under 7th.Malaysia Plan

slide59

To ensure training programmes are in line with the requirements of the economy,the NVTC as the coordinating and monitoring agency, will be further strengthened.

MLVK

8TH. MALAYSIA PLAN, 2001-2005

POSITION OF NVTC

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