1838 : El Salvador becomes and independent republic. 1931 : Military coup seizes power. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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El Salvador: Why you should care. 1838 : El Salvador becomes and independent republic. 1931 : Military coup seizes power. 1932 : Communist peasant named Agust � n Farabundo Mart � leads an indigenous guerrilla revolt against the government. The movement is suppressed and Mart � is executed.

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1838 : El Salvador becomes and independent republic. 1931 : Military coup seizes power.

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El Salvador: Why you should care

1838: El Salvador becomes and independent republic.

1931: Military coup seizes power.

1932: Communist peasant named Agust�n Farabundo Mart� leads an indigenous guerrilla revolt against the government. The movement is suppressed and Mart� is executed.

1933: An institutionalized repression known as La Matanza occurs during which 30,000 peasants and indigenous people are slaughtered at the hands of the armed forces.

Early 1970s: A coalition is formed to oppose the military’s political control.

1972 &1977: The opposition wins the presidential elections, but both times the military refuses to step down.

1977: 200 peaceful protesters in the capital are murdered by national armed forces.

1980: Civil war between the Salvadoran government and the FMLN (Frente Farabundo Mart� para la Liberaci�n Nacional) erupts.

March 24, 1980: Army Personnel murder Monse�or Romero while he is delivering a Catholic Mass.

December 2, 1980: Three American nuns and one female layperson are abducted, raped and killed by U.S. trained military personnel.

1981: At least 800 Salvadoran civilians are massacred in the village of El Mozote by the armed forces.

1989: Six Jesuit priests are tortured and executed at their residence in San Salvador by U.S. trained Salvadoran armed forces.

1992: Peace accords are signed ending the 12-year civil war. More that 75,000 civilians were murdered by the U.S. backed and funded military government.

1994: Presidential elections held.

2001: El Salvador adopts the dollar, hoping to inspire lower interest rates and “investor confidence”.

2004: El Salvador become the 1st country to ratify CAFTA, along with the U.S. and the Dominican Republic.

2004: U.S. intervenes in Salvador presidential elections by threatening to cut off remittances should the FMLN win.

  • Points of interest:

  • El Salvador has a Population of: 5.7

    million and an area of: 20,742 sq. km.

    (Approximately the size of

    Massachusetts) The most densely

    populated country with the smallest

    piece of land in Central America

  • Today approximately 2.5 million

    Salvadorans live in the U.S. It is

    estimated that between 400 and 750

    men, women and children leave El

    Salvador every day

  • · $2.5 billion, or roughly 17%of GDP,

    was sent by immigrants to El Salvador,

    in so called “Remittances.”

  • 2007, El Salvador receives more than

    $3.6 billion in remittances.

  • 2007 The minimum wage in El Salvador

    is $93.36. Meanwhile, the price of the

    canasta basica, or basic basket of

    staple foods to feed a family, has risen

    sharply. In the last year alone, the

    urban canasta basica, rose 12% to

    $159.77, while in rural areas, it rose

    more than 22% to $122.78 per month.

  • 2008 U.S. Ambassador Charles Glazer

    of the Bush administration admitted

    that the U.S. intervened in El

    Salvador’s 2004 presidential elections.


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