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Herpetology . Salamanders. Salamanders . Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Amphibia Order: Caudata Family: Genus: Specific:. Family: Cryptobranchidae . Eastern Hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis. 5 toes on hind foot

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Herpetology l.jpg

Herpetology

Salamanders


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Salamanders

  • Kingdom: Animalia

  • Phylum: Chordata

  • Subphylum: Vertebrata

  • Class: Amphibia

  • Order: Caudata

  • Family:

  • Genus:

  • Specific:


Family cryptobranchidae l.jpg
Family: Cryptobranchidae

Eastern Hellbender

Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis

  • 5 toes on hind foot

  • Gill slits

  • Huge

  • Breathes from folds on sides


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Family: Proteidae

Common Mudpuppy

Necturus maculosus maculosus

  • External gills

  • Four toes on feet


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Family: Salamandridae

Red spotted Newt

Notophthalmus v. viridescens

  • Longitudinal ridge on head

  • No costal grooves

  • No nasolabial grooves


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Family: Ambystomatidae

1) Ambystoma barbouri

Streamside Salamander

2) Ambystoma texanum

Small-mouthed Salamander

3) Ambystoma jeffersonianum

Jefferson Salamander

4) Ambystoma maculatum

Spotted Salamander

5) Ambystoma opacum

Marbled Salamander


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Ambystoma barbouri

Found in Wayne county

Has a small mouth

The barber by the stream from Wayne Co.

Ambystoma texanum

Found in Wood county

Small mouth

Stream-side and Small Mouth



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Stream-side Salamander

Ambystoma barbouri

  • Found in Wayne county

  • Has a small mouth

  • Black or brown color

  • Toes do not meet


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Small-mouthed Salamander

Ambystoma texanum

  • Found in Wood, Mason counties

  • Small mouth

  • Toes do not meet

  • Black / brown color

  • Short face


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Jefferson Salamander

Ambystoma jeffersonianum

  • Has a flat head

  • Slender

  • Long long toes


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Spotted Salamander

Ambystoma maculatum

  • Has spots

  • Dark color

  • 2 rows of spots down back

  • Costal grooves

  • Chunky salamander


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Marbled Salamander

Ambystoma opacum

  • Black and white hourglass spots on back

  • Chunky Monkey



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Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Aneides


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Green Salamander

Aneides aeneus

  • Head is broad and flat

  • Toe tips are square and expanded

  • Slender


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Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Desmognathus


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Northern Dusky Salamander

Desmognathus fuscus

  • Bottom lighter than belly

  • Spots on back random

  • Keeled tail

  • Distinct lines down sides


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Seal Salamander

Desmognathus monticola

  • No strip at sides

  • Belly is pale

  • Keeled tail

  • Back is darker with scallop like spots


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Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander

Desmognathus ochrophaeus

  • Looks like 2 line but mouth downward

  • Slender

  • Line from eye to mouth

  • Light line down back


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Black-Bellied Salamander

Desmognathus quadramaculatus

  • Costal grooves

  • Nasolabial grooves

  • Line from eye to mouth

  • Black body, brown head

  • Keeled tail


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Black Mountain Salamander

Desmognathus welteri

Not on Lab Exam


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Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Gyrinophilus


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Spring Salamanders

  • Gyrinophilus p. porphyriticus

    NorthernSpringSalamander

  • Gyrinophilus porphyriticus duryi

    Kentucky Spring Salamander

  • Gyrinophilus subterraneus

    West Virginia Spring Salamander


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Gyrinophilus Distribution


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Spring Salamanders

  • Nasolabial grooves

  • Central pedicel

  • Line posterior from eye toward back of body

  • Keel on tail

  • Spots on back

  • Lighter belly


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Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Hemidactylium


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Four-toed Salamander

Hemidactylium scutatum

  • Tail longer than body

  • Tail pinched at base

  • 4:4 toes



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Two-Lined Salamanders

  • Eurycea bislineata

    Northern Two-lined Salamander

  • Eurycea cirrigera

    Southern Two-lined Salamander



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Two-Lined Salamanders

  • Narrow black line down both sides

  • Light mid-dorsal strip

  • Slender


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Long-tailed Salamander

Eurycea l. longicauda

  • Yellow in color

  • Spotted on back

  • Lateral black bars on the tail

  • No spots on belly

  • Tail longer than body


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Cave Salamander

Eurycea lucifuga

  • Tail longer than body

  • Irregular black spots and dashes

  • Big eyes

  • Slender


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Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Plethodon


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Eastern Red-backed Salamander

Plethodon cinereus

  • Nasolabial grooves

  • Costal grooves

  • Large line down back

  • Spotted (salt and pepper) belly

  • Slender


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Plethodon (large) Slimy

  • Plethodon cylindraceus

    White-spotted Slimy Salamander

  • Plethodon glutinosus

    Northern Slimy Salamander

  • Plethodon kentucki

    Cumberland Plateau Salamander


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P. glutinosus Complex


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Slimy Salamanders

  • Spots uniformly distributed along body

  • Lighter chin


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Plethodon (small)

  • Plethodon electromorphus

    Northern Ravine Salamander

  • Plethodon hoffmani

    Valley and Ridge Salamander

  • Plethodon nettingi

    Cheat Mountain Salamander

  • Plethodon richmondi

    Southern Ravine Salamander

  • Plethodon virginia

    Shenandoah Mountain Salamander


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Plethodon (small)

  • Small

  • Slender

  • Dark Bodies

  • Worms with legs


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Eastern Small Plethodon Complex


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Plethodon (large)

  • Plethodon wehrlei

    Wehrle’s Salamander

  • Plethodon punctatus

    Cow Knob Salamander


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Cow Knob

Wehrle’s or Cow Knob

  • Dark salamander

  • Lighter throat

  • White spots mainly along sides (faint)



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Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Pseudotriton


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Midland Mud Salamander

Pseudotriton montanus diastictus

  • Nasolabial groove (faint)

  • Central pedicel

  • 30 –40 spots scattered

  • Salmon, red color


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Northern Red Salamander

Pseudotriton r. ruber

  • Nasolabial grooves

  • Costal grooves

  • Irregular black dots (40+)

  • No spots at end of tail

  • Belly pale


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Map of Counties of West Virginia