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Culture Collision. Immigration Issues in the Post WWI Era. Anti-German Sentiment during WWI. People with German Surnames lost jobs Orchestras refused to play Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms Towns changed their names Schools stopped teaching German Books by Germans removed from libraries

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Culture Collision

Immigration Issues in the Post WWI Era


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Anti-German Sentiment during WWI

  • People with German Surnames lost jobs

  • Orchestras refused to play Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms

  • Towns changed their names

  • Schools stopped teaching German

  • Books by Germans removed from libraries

  • German-Americans attacked


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Renamed Words

  • German Measles = Liberty Measles

  • Hamburger = Salisbury Steak

  • Sauerkraut = Liberty Cabbage

  • Dachshunds = Liberty Pup

  • German Shepherds = Alsatians


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Immigration

  • Very little from Europe during the war

  • Dramatic increase after WWI especially Southern and Eastern Europe

  • Earlier immigrants (19th Century, 1810-1830’s; 1860- 1890’s) were from Western Europe


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Red Scare

  • Immediate Fear of a Communist Revolution (Bolshevik Revolution, Russia 1917)

  • Communist party formed in the US

  • Mainly radicals, some were involved with Unions


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Bombings of 1919

  • 38 bombs were mailed to leading politicians and industrialists

  • Many were found before they exploded

  • An Italian Anarchist exploded outside the U.S. Attorney Generals House

  • Law Enforcement officials were convinced of conspiracies and plots


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Sacco and Vanzetti

  • IN 1920 a guard and paymaster were killed in a robbery

  • 2 Italian immigrants were arrested – they were known to be anarchists, labor organizers, and had avoided the draft for WWI

  • Public opinion was against them

  • Were found, tried, found guilty, and executed

  • Many felt the verdict was political


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Palmer Raids

  • Unions, communists, socialists, anarchists, and especially aliens were targeted

  • Civil Rights were violated, homes invaded, people were jailed without legal consuls

  • Foreign Radicals and aliens were deported without trials


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1924 Immigration Act

  • Limited the number of immigrants from other countries

  • This was 20% less than the numbers coming in before WWI

  • Eastern and Southern Europe were particular limited

  • The immigration Act did not apply to Mexicans or Canadians


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