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CONFLICT WITHIN RELIGIONS. Schism between Christians: Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy Divisions in Islam to Sunnis and Shiites Buddhism split into 2 sects: Mahayana and Theravada. . Conflict within Religions. MAJOR WORLD RELIGIONS. ISLAM. CHRISTIANITY. BUDDHISM. Roman CATHOLIC. Sunni.

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CONFLICT WITHIN RELIGIONS

Schism between Christians: Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy

Divisions in Islam to Sunnis and Shiites

Buddhism split into 2 sects: Mahayana and Theravada.


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Conflict within Religions

MAJOR WORLD RELIGIONS

ISLAM

CHRISTIANITY

BUDDHISM

Roman CATHOLIC

Sunni

Shiites

E. Orthodoxy

Mahayana

Theravada


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Schism between Eastern Orthodoxy and Catholicism

  • Roman Empire divided between Pope in Rome and Patriarch in Byzantium

  • Pope and Patriarch Struggled for Power

  • Pope excommunicates Patriarch

  • Patriarch excommunicates Roman Catholics

  • Division is made between Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholics.


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Division in Islam into Sunni and Shi’a

  • 7th Century CE – Conflicts between Islamic groups causes great splits in beliefs.

  • Sunni and Shi’a (Shiite) form

  • Sunni – believed first 4 Caliphs were legitimate.

  • Shi’a - believe Muhammad’s son-in-law (or nephew) should have succeeded him directly.


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Buddhist Sects

  • Schisms due to conflicts between cultural beliefs.

  • Theravada – Sri Lanka & SE Asia

    - Conservative

    - Stresses Self Discipline

    - Strict meditation and concentration

  • Mahayana – China, Mongolia, Japan, Korea

    - Liberal

    - Stresses wisdom and devotion

    - Meditation and emptiness


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