Chapter 13 Learning Packet. Early African and American Civilizations. Chapter 13 Section 1 Graphic Organizer- page 2 of packet. North Africa- Sahara. DESERT. South Africa- Kalahari. PHYSICAL SETTING. Steep Plateau. Rivers with waterfalls. SUB-SAHARAN. Few invasions-Little Trade.
Early African and American Civilizations
North Africa- Sahara
South Africa- Kalahari
Rivers with waterfalls
Few invasions-Little Trade
More than 100 inches of rain a year
Spread very easily
GREAT RIFT VALLEY
Located in Eastern Africa
Characteristic: many narrow lakes
REDISCOVERING THE AFRICAN PAST
Did primarily agricultural work
Were chiefs and elders
Ancestors traced through your mother
Village becomes the center of African society and culture
Africa’s first spoken language
PATTERNS OF LIFE
Developed 2,000 years ago
Began around 300 AD
Stories passed by word of mouth
Learned of banana and xylophone
Source of most African history
Tropical Rain Forest
Great Rift Valley
A LAND BRIDGE allowed the first people to migrate to the Americas.
The first Americans survived by HUNTING and GATHERING food.
ROCKY Mountains cover the western portion of North America.
North America’s major transportation route was the MISSISSIPPI River.
Over time, the people of the Americas began to grow their own food, this event was called the NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION.
South America’s major transportation route was the AMAZON River.
ANDES Mountains cover the western portion of South America.
Agriculture quickly spread and by 1492 Americans farmed from Canada to Argentina.
Government by a variety of small tribes to very complex societies.
Similar religious beliefs in the Great Spirit.
Economy influenced by the environment.
Trade links to other groups.People and Empires in the Americas
South America: Inca
African History before 1492
Test next class meeting. Use pages 304 and 307 to assist you on the geography assignment