Asia pacific peering guidebook v1 6
Download
1 / 45

asia pacific peering guidebook v1.6 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 527 Views
  • Uploaded on

Asia Pacific Peering Guidebook (v1.6). William B. Norton Co-Founder & Chief Technical Liaison. Internet Researcher. 90% externally focused Many documents on Protocols Lack of Operations documents Research: Peering How does Peering work? What are the definitions?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'asia pacific peering guidebook v1.6' - Michelle


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Asia pacific peering guidebook v1 6 l.jpg

Asia Pacific Peering Guidebook (v1.6)

William B. Norton

Co-Founder & Chief Technical Liaison


Internet researcher l.jpg
Internet Researcher

  • 90% externally focused

  • Many documents on Protocols

  • Lack of Operations documents

  • Research: Peering

    • How does Peering work?

    • What are the definitions?

    • What are the “Tricks of the Trade?”

White paper process..


Community operations research l.jpg
Community Operations Research

  • “Ground Truth” w/dozens of experts

  • Write White Paper v0.1

  • Walk community through WP for comments

  • Revise White Paper into new version

  • Present White Paper at conferences

  • Solicit comments over lunches and dinners

White papers so far…


Internet operations white papers l.jpg
Internet Operations White Papers

  • “Interconnection Strategies for ISPs”

  • “Internet Service Providers and Peering”

  • “A Business Case for Peering”

  • “The Art of Peering: The Peering Playbook”

  • “The Peering Simulation Game”

  • “Do ATM-based Internet Exchanges Make Sense Anymore?”

  • “Evolution of the U.S. Peering Ecosystem”

  • “Asia Pacific Peering Guidebook”

Freely available. See Web site or send e-mail to [email protected]

Or Google for “William B. Norton”


Research topic peering in asia l.jpg
Research Topic: Peering in Asia

  • Goals of this 12 month research

    • Document how the Internet Peering Ecosystems in Asia are different from the rest of the world

    • What did Peering Coordinators find counter-intuitive?

    • What surprises did they run into as they expanded their networks into and within Asia?

  • Result: “The Asia Pacific Internet Peering Ecosystem” (v1.6)

    • Value of IX, Peering Policies, Biz cases for Peering in AP Ecosystems, etc.


What is this peering ecosystem l.jpg
What is this “Peering Ecosystem?”

  • Global Internet Peering Ecosystem: A system of autonomous but interconnected Internet Regions, each with players that provide connectivity and content to the Internet.



Ecosystem players l.jpg
Ecosystem Players

  • Tier 1 ISPs (ISPs that have access to all the Internet Peering Ecosystem routes solely through free peering relationships),

  • Tier 2 ISPs (that must buy transit from someone to reach routes within the Internet Peering Ecosystem), and

  • Content Providers who don’t sell access to the Internet but offer content.


Motivations peering policy l.jpg
Motivations: Peering Policy

  • Def: A Restrictive Peering Policy is an articulation of an inclination not to peer.

  • Def: A Selective Peering Policy is an articulation of an inclination to peer, but with some conditions

  • Def: An Open Peering Policy is an articulation of an inclination to peer with anyone.


Japan peering ecosystem l.jpg
Japan Peering Ecosystem

In Japan, the set of Tier 1 ISPs include

  • Japan Telecom (JT Open Data Network (ODN)),

  • NTT (and Internet Initiative Japan (IIJ)),

  • KDDI, and

  • POWEREDCOM,



Japanese peering ecosystem12 l.jpg
Japanese Peering Ecosystem

  • 80% JP Traffic stays in JP

  • Tier 1 ISPs own infrastructure

  • Major Disruption: Yahoo!BB (48Gbps)

  • 40+Mbps DSL for <$50 USD/mo

  • FTTH for $100/mo

  • 1Mbps streaming TV


Interconnect region l.jpg
Interconnect Region

Traffic in Tokyo

Distributed soon

Y!BB especially


Domestic peering in japan l.jpg
Domestic Peering in Japan

BLPA

peering@ doesn’t work – need legs o the ground

Japanese surprises: 3 IXes. Which one to use?

Monthly Peering cost=$2500 for local loop, $2500 for rack, $4500 FastE port

Transit~$110 for 100Mbps commit

Aggregate traffic volume 34Gbps

Value of JPIX to participant=(34000Mbps*$110/Mbps)/109 - $11,500=$4096/mo







Singapore peering ecosystem l.jpg
Singapore Peering Ecosystem

SingTel

PI

StarHub

20% stays

in SG

Transit is

Expensive

Gov’t


Business case for sg peering l.jpg
Business Case for SG Peering

2nd highest transit prices







Australian peering ecosystem27 l.jpg
Australian Peering Ecosystem

  • Only country to Regulate Peering

  • Restrictive Peering – Comindico Story

  • Local Loops Expensive in AU

    • Retail STM-1 (155M) in Hong Kong $3000/mo

    • Retail 4M Ethernet in Australia $3000/mo ternet

  • Relatively low traffic volume

    • 200Mbps traffic between T1 and T2

  • “Content that transcends the language barrier” disallowed


Au interconnect regions l.jpg
AU Interconnect Regions

Local Loops Expensive

Volume Billing

Grandma Story


Business case for au peering l.jpg
Business Case for AU Peering

Most expensive

“End of the World”






5 reasons to expand into and within asia l.jpg
5 Reasons to expand into and within Asia

  • For Incumbent Tier 1 ISPs to peer their routes outside their home market.

  • To meet U.S. Tier 1 Peering Prerequisites.

  • Customers want them in Asia.

  • Global Marketing Benefits

  • Sell Transit into a high cost transit market.

Costs to expand to Asia…


Lesson 1 tier 1 isps do not want to peer in their internet region l.jpg
Lesson #1 - Tier 1 ISPs Do Not Want to Peer in their Internet Region

  • As described in the Foreign Tier 1 ISP Dynamic

  • Peering in Adjacent Internet Regions OK

  • Peering in U.S.

    • Also Get Cheap U.S. Transit

    • Also Get Across U.S. to Europe


Lesson 2 there are several challenges peering in asia l.jpg
Lesson #2 – There are Several Challenges Peering in Asia Internet Region

  • Many Language Zones.

    • Language

    • Internet traffic

  • Asia is spread across timezones

  • Asia is spread across oceans

  • Local Loop Costs

  • Transit costs are highly variable and in some cases highly discriminatory across Asia:


Lesson 3 some creative peering deals l.jpg
Lesson #3 – Some Creative Peering Deals Internet Region

  • “…Peering iff Transport provided to HK where we will peer out-of-country…”

  • Peering w/transit purchase common

  • Peered traffic can not be announced back in to country

  • Can not peer with my customers


Lesson 4 international peering gotcha tromboning traffic through the u s l.jpg
Lesson #4 - International Peering Gotcha: “Tromboning” Traffic through the U.S.

1 AS Hop

Across Ocean

Beats

2 AS Hops

Across Town


Lesson 5 local presence required l.jpg
Lesson #5 - Local Presence Required Traffic through the U.S.

  • Right Person

  • Right Time

  • Manage Time Zone Diff

  • Manage Peering Socializing

  • Like old England “Intermediary”

Source: Nigel Titley (FLAG)

And Erasmus Ng (T-Systems)


Lesson 6 separation of international and domestic peering l.jpg
Lesson #6 - Separation of International and Domestic Peering Traffic through the U.S.

  • New Zealand – Separate pipes for Transit & Domestic Traffic

  • Transpacific VERY expensive

  • 80% traffic to/from U.S.

  • In Japan & Australia as well?

Source: Joe Abley (ISC)


Lesson 7 content that transcends the language barrier l.jpg
Lesson #7 – “Content that Transcends the Language Barrier”

  • Hosted content not allowed in many parts of Asia

  • Hosted overseas

  • Large volume of traffic

  • Affects peering and Int’l BW planning


Lesson 8 no true regional content in asia l.jpg
Lesson #8 – No True Regional Content in Asia Barrier”

  • Like South America

  • Few Asian countries host regional content

  • Contiguous language zones:

    • Hong Kong, Taiwan, China

  • Mostly, local eyeballs want local content

  • Japan: 80% traffic stays in Japan

  • Singapore: 80% traffic leaves Singapore


Lesson 9 content peering in asia works l.jpg
Lesson #9 – Content Peering in Asia Works Barrier”

  • Microsoft – 100M XP Updates

    • Only delivered over Peering links

    • Otherwise, overseas transit

    • Increases your 95th percentile billables

  • Yahoo!

    • Motivated first by best customer experience

    • Deployed content locally

    • Peering broadly


Summary l.jpg
Summary Barrier”

  • Early Research

  • International Peering Ecosystem

  • Internet Regions

  • Foreign Tier 1 ISP Peering Dynamic

  • Capture Peering Coordinator Data

  • Asia Vibrant and Leap Frogging U.S. in some ways

  • White Paper Available: Send e-mail to [email protected]


ad