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An example of interdisciplinary research: Sustainable reindeer management in Lapland, Finland. Janne Hukkinen Tieteidenvälisyys ja sen haasteet yliopistoissa STTS seminaari 26.2.2008. Introduction.

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An example of interdisciplinary research: Sustainable reindeer management in Lapland, Finland

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An example of interdisciplinary research sustainable reindeer management in lapland finland l.jpg

An example of interdisciplinary research: Sustainable reindeer management in Lapland, Finland

Janne Hukkinen

Tieteidenvälisyys ja sen haasteet yliopistoissa

STTS seminaari 26.2.2008


Introduction l.jpg

Introduction

  • “Crossing disciplinary boundaries” and “working together to solve problems” are unquestioned operating assumptions in sustainable development

  • Yet if we want to seriously tackle the challenges of human-environment interaction, it is not enough to try to “work together”

  • Often experts from different walks of life do not mean or target the same thing when they say they want sustainability

  • Need to increase knowledge of the cognitive foundations of sustainability assessment: How do individuals understand sustainability? How do groups of individuals solve sustainability problems?

  • Here: knowledge integration through cognitive blending


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Cognitive blending

  • Cognitive blend is a novel mental model selectively composed of elements and relations originating in two or more familiar mental models called inputs

  • Blending completes what are only barely distinguishable patterns in partial domains of knowledge, which results in a new domain of knowledge qualitatively different from the partial inputs

input 1

input 2

blend


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Introduction to RENMAN project

  • European Commission 5th Framework Programme RENMAN: The Challenges of Modernity for Reindeer Management: Integration and Sustainable Development in Europe´s Subarctic and Boreal Regions (2001-4, 2 Me)

  • Coordinator University of Lapland, Arctic Centre

  • Objective of RENMAN: design and negotiation of policies for reindeer management that will improve local conditions and secure an acceptable quality of life

  • Workpackage 1 (Helsinki University of Technology): Development of participatory institutions for reindeer management


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Characteristics of knowledge networking in the EU project on sustainable reindeer management


Knowledge networking in the eu project on sustainable reindeer management l.jpg

EU desk officer

Subgroup 1

Individual 1

Coordinator

Joint sessions

Project coordination committee

Individual 2

Individual 3

Subgroup 2

Subgroup 3

Work packages 1-10

Pioneer networking

Input: committed participants

Output: ideas generated during field visits and interviews

Translational networking

Input: ideas from pioneer networking

Output: solutions and scenarios formulated during workshops

Modular networking

Input: solutions and scenarios from translational networking

Output: policy recommendations to EU

Knowledge networking in the EU project on sustainable reindeer management


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RENMAN policy recommendations

  • Recommendation 1: Develop reindeer management as an innovation and a brand.

  • Recommendation 2: Establish scale sensitive coalitions and strategies in reindeer management with participatory decision making procedures.

  • Recommendation 3: Monitor and regulate reindeer management with dynamic sustainability bandwidths.

  • Recommendation 4: Resolve tension between planned and market economy in reindeer management.


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Input 1

Input 2

uniform government policy

uniform government policy and diverse environmental pressures

overall socio-economic inefficiency

disruption of local community

uniform government policy and diverse environmental pressures

disruption of local community and overall socio-economic inefficiency

Blend

Blending in the first workshop


Blending in the second workshop l.jpg

Input 1

Input 2

uniform government policy and diverse environmental pressures

diverse problems

disruption of local community and overall socio-economic inefficiency

diverse solutions

diverse policy and diverse environmental pressures

strengthening of local community and local socio-economic efficiency

Blend

Blending in the second workshop


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Input 1

Input 2

branding and innovation funding

diverse policy and diverse environmental pressures

strengthening of local community and local socio-economic efficiency

government subsidy

diverse policy and diverse environmental pressures

branding and innovation funding

strengthening of local community and local socio-economic efficiency

Blend

Blending in the third workshop


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Further reading

  • Hukkinen, J. (in press) Sustainability Networks: Cognitive Tools for Expert Collaboration in Social-Ecological Systems. London: Routledge (http://www.routledgeeconomics.com/books/Sustainability-Networks-isbn9780415461603).

  • Forbes, B.C., M. Bölter, L. Müller-Wille, J. Hukkinen, F. Müller, N. Gunslay and Y. Konstantinov, eds (2006) Reindeer Management in Northernmost Europe: Linking Practical and Scientific Knowledge in Social-Ecological Systems, Ecological Studies 184. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

  • Bruun, H., J. Hukkinen, K. Huutoniemi, J. Thompson Klein (2005) Promoting Interdisciplinary Research: The Case of the Academy of Finland. Academy of Finland Publication Series 8/05. Helsinki: Academy of Finland.

  • Hukkinen, J. (1999) Institutions in Environmental Management: Constructing Mental Models and Sustainability. London: Routledge.

  • On cognitive blending, see

    • D. Gentner, K.J. Holyoak and B.N. Kokinov (eds) The Analogical Mind: Perspectives from Cognitive Science, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2001;

    • G. Fauconnier and M. Turner, The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind’s Hidden Complexities, New York, NY: Basic Books, 2002


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