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Today. Central Asia Physical environment Population & settlement Culture Geopolitical issues. Last Time. Historical development of Russia (and neighbors) geo-politically and industrially Historical development of Russian Empire USSR (1921 - 1989) Industrial development & its geography.

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Today l.jpg
Today

  • Central Asia

    • Physical environment

    • Population & settlement

    • Culture

    • Geopolitical issues


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Last Time

  • Historical development of Russia (and neighbors) geo-politically and industrially

    • Historical development of Russian Empire

    • USSR (1921 - 1989)

    • Industrial development & its geography


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Central Asia: Defined

  • Once home to the powerful Mongol empire

  • Now site of emerging - little known states

    • The “stans”

      • Kazakhstan

      • Uzbekistan

      • Kyrgyzstan

      • Turkmenistan

      • Afghanistan

    • Azerbaijan

    • Mongolia

    • Western and Northern provinces of China


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Central Asia: Physical Environment

  • Importance of aridity and semi-aridity

  • Continentality

  • Tectonic landscape

  • Mountain zones

  • Deserts

  • Basin and plains – steppes




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Central Asia: Population, settlement, culture

  • Vast area more-or-less empty

  • Strongly circumscribed settlement

  • Ethnic/cultural/linguistic diversity

  • Religious diversity


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Central Asia: Geopolitical issues

  • History of political domination from Russia/USSR

  • History of political domination from China

  • Ethnic tensions

  • Afghanistan

  • Current issues



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Central Asia: Contemporary development

  • All states very poor

  • Breakup of USSR => economic collapse of ‘Stans

  • Afghanistan in chaos


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