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Scientific Misconduct. Scientific Misconduct Definition. "Misconduct in Research" means fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, or other practices that seriously deviate from those that are commonly accepted within the scientific community for proposing, conducting, or reporting research .

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PowerPoint Slideshow about 'scientific misconduct' - Mia_John


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Scientific Misconduct Definition

"Misconduct in Research" means fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, or other practices that seriously deviate from those that are commonly accepted within the scientific community for proposing, conducting, or reporting research.

It does not include honest error or honest differences in interpretations or judgments of data. (Source: U.S. Public Health Service Regulations).


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Scientific Misconduct Definition

Fabrication – making it up

Falsification – changing the true description

Plagiarism – taking the words and ideas of otherswithout citation

Other practicesthat seriously deviate from those that are commonly accepted within the scientific community


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proposing, conducting, or reporting research.

  • Grants

    • Preliminary data (what is this)

  • Lab notebooks, other research records

    • What was done, how, when, results, conclusions

  • Papers, posters, abstracts, talks, lab meetings


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The Cost of Scientific Misconduct

  • Damage to others

    • the integrity of scientific knowledge

    • non-productive lines of enquiry based on false information

    • the reputation of colleagues co-authors, collaborators, and institutions

    • waste of financial resources to investigate/repeat

    • Loss of confidence in the public

  • Damage to self

    • Loss of reputation

    • Loss of funding

    • Loss of career

    • Loss of job


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Resources about scientific misconduct

  • Baylor Committee on Scientific Integrity

    • – Dr. David Nelson, Chair

  • National AAMC - Beyond the Frameworkhttp://www.aamc.org/research/miscon/contents.htm

  • Government Office of Research Integrity (ORI)http://ori.dhhs.gov/




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    Inquiry

    Committee on Scientific Integrity

    Investigation

    Process for Scientific MisconductInvestigations

    Findings&Sanctions

    Allegations

    Departmental Appeals Board

    President

    HSSOffice of Research Integrity

    IndependentReview

    Appeal




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    A Recent example of a scientific misconduct investigation at Baylor

    • Seven Committee members, administrative assistant, secretarial support, legal assistance

    • Five grant applications and five published papers

    • Nine separate “issues” grouped by scientific relationships

    • Found scientific misconduct in seven, no misconduct in two

    • 48 separate instances of FFP

    • Report of 540 pages + separate book of figures

    • Institutional Appeal

    • ORI Appeal

    • DAB Hearing

    • Civil Lawsuit

    • Seven YEARS


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    Whistleblowers Baylor

    (1) whistleblowers are free to disclose lawfully whatever information supports a reasonable belief of research misconduct as it is defined by PHS policy,(2) institutions have a duty not to tolerate or engage in retaliation against good-faith whistleblowers,(3) institutions have a duty to provide fair and objective procedures for examining and resolving complaints, disputes and allegations of research misconduct,(4) institutions have a duty to follow procedures that are not tainted by partiality arising from personal or institutional conflict of interest or other sources of bias,(5) institutions have a duty to elicit and evaluate fully and objectively information about concerns raised by whistleblower,(6) institutions have a duty to handle cases involving alleged research misconduct as expeditiously as possible without compromising responsible resolutions, and(7) at the conclusion of proceedings, institutions have a responsibility to credit promptly, in public or private as appropriate, those whose allegations are substantiated


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    Laboratory safety refresher Baylor

    On-line training: http://bcmnetlearn.corp.bcm.tmc.edu

    Anesthetic Gas SafetyBloodborne PathogensBiohazard/Medical WasteEmergency ManagementFacilities Fire SafetyIrradiator Security Laser Safety

    Lab SafetyShipping Biological Samples

    Hazardous Materials Transportation UV ProtectionX-ray Protection


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