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SB 839 Presentation. AUTHOR: SEN. R. CALDERON (D-30) INTRODUCED: FEBRUARY 23, 2007 SIGNED BY GOVERNOR: OCTOBER 12, 2007 EFFECTIVE DATE: JANUARY 1, 2008. SB 839 FIREWORKS ENFORCEMENT. SB 839 FIREWORKS ENFORCEMENT. SPONSOR: CAL FIRE SUPPORTERS:

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Sb 839 fireworks enforcement

AUTHOR: SEN. R. CALDERON (D-30)

INTRODUCED: FEBRUARY 23, 2007

SIGNED BY GOVERNOR: OCTOBER 12, 2007

EFFECTIVE DATE: JANUARY 1, 2008

SB 839FIREWORKS ENFORCEMENT


Sb 839 fireworks enforcement1
SB 839FIREWORKS ENFORCEMENT

  • SPONSOR: CAL FIRE

  • SUPPORTERS:

  • AMERICAN FEDERATION OF STATE, COUNTY AND MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEES (AFL-CIO)

  • AMERICAN PROMOTIONAL EVENTS, INC. (TNT FIREWORKS)

  • CALIFORNIA FIRE CHIEFS ASSOCIATION

  • CALIFORNIA STATE FIREFIGHTERS ASSOCIATION

  • CITY OF WHITTIER

  • FRESNO FIRE DEPARTMENT

  • LOS ANGELES COUNTY SHERIFF

  • MONTEREY COUNTY FIRE INVESTIGATORS ASSOCIATION

  • CALIFORNIA LEAGUE OF CITIES

  • CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE

  • SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY SHERIFF


Sb 839 fireworks enforcement2
SB 839FIREWORKS ENFORCEMENT

AMENDED H&S SECTIONS: 12551, 12552, 12700, 12702, 12726

ADDED H&S SECTIONS: 12556, 12557, 12703, 12704, 12706, 12727 and 12728

ADDED VEHICLE CODE SECTION: 15301



Evolution of illegal fireworks in california

The primary focus of the state and most local police and fire agencies was illegal bottle rockets and firecrackers.

The use of illegal bottle rockets and firecrackers are dwarfed by the heavy importation and use of aerial shells rivaling or surpassing those used at most public fireworks displays.

Evolution of Illegal fireworks in California

10 Years Ago

Today


It was just a local entrepreneurial crook who would go into a neighborhood and sell illegal fireworks out of the trunk of his car. This was a situation that local law enforcement could easily contain.

Large, out-of-state operations are shipping massive quantities of aerial displays and exploding items directly into California using independent truckers or via the internet.

Evolution of Illegal fireworks in California

10 Years Ago

Today


It was just the occasional user of illegal fireworks that we had to be concerned about.

Many people are using illegal fireworks, in every community, because of the sheer volume of illegal product available and their accessibility, but also, because in many communities, they don’t fear any repercussion or consequences for their illegal actions.

Evolution of Illegal fireworks in California

10 Years Ago

Today


This was a problem that local government could be expected to handle and control by itself.

It will now take a massive, coordinated effort between state, federal and local agencies if we are to stem the growing tide of illegal fireworks use in California.

Evolution of Illegal fireworks in California

Today

10 Years Ago


Until the mid-90’s, the SFM utilized the California Fire Incident Reporting System (CFIRS) to collect data on fires in California, including fireworks-related fires. Under CFIRS, a local fire department was required to detail and specify, where circumstantial or direct evidence confirmed, the actual type of fireworks device which served as either the “source of ignition” or a “contributing factor” to the fire.

Evolution of Illegal fireworks in California

10 Years Ago


Evolution of illegal fireworks in california1
Evolution of Illegal fireworks in California Incident Reporting System (CFIRS) to collect data on fires in California, including fireworks-related fires. Under CFIRS, a local fire department was required to detail and specify, where circumstantial or direct evidence confirmed, the actual type of fireworks device which served as either the “source of ignition” or a “contributing factor” to the fire.

Today

  • Effective January 1, 2003, the SFM made a mandatory transition to the California All Incident Reporting System (CAIRS) which utilizes the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS), a modular, “paper-less”, nationally recognized reporting system designed by the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA). The NFIRS system does not have the same degree of specificity, detail and/or reliability, as it relates to fireworks-related fires, as the data captured under the former CFIRS system. Unfortunately, NFIRS software lumps all fireworks (public-display, illegal, state-approved and unknown/homemade explosives) into one broad category, with no detail as to what the device was, let alone whether it was illegal or state-approved.


Evolution of illegal fireworks in california2

California Health and Safety Code Section 12726 requires the SFM to dispose of “dangerous fireworks” and any fireworks that have been seized by a local fire and/or law enforcement agency within 60 days upon notification to the SFM or 10 days following legal proceedings. For years, the SFM and/or most local jurisdictions disposed of these products in either open pit burns or closed incinerator burns.

Evolution of Illegal fireworks in California

10 Years Ago


Evolution of illegal fireworks in california3
Evolution of Illegal fireworks in California SFM to dispose of “dangerous fireworks” and any fireworks that have been seized by a local fire and/or law enforcement agency within 60 days upon notification to the SFM or 10 days following legal proceedings. For years, the SFM and/or most local jurisdictions disposed of these products in either open pit burns or closed incinerator burns.

Today

  • Due to environmental issues raised by Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC), past practices of open burning for the disposal of seized dangerous fireworks were found to be in violation of state environmental laws and regulations. As a result, stockpiles of seized fireworks continued to grow in bunkers or storage facilities maintained by local departments. In the years 2003-2004, approximately 143 tons of seized dangerous fireworks were disposed of at a cost of approximately $900,000, with $700,000 of that cost coming in a one-time grant from the federal government. Pursuant to a written agreement with US EPA, California was required to come up with a long-term solution to the disposal of the seized dangerous fireworks problem or be in jeopardy of having to pay back the $700,000 they received from the federal government. No local or state agency ever pursued cost-recovery from a criminal defendant for monies needed to pay for the proper disposal costs of these dangerous, illegal fireworks.


Sb 839
SB 839 SFM to dispose of “dangerous fireworks” and any fireworks that have been seized by a local fire and/or law enforcement agency within 60 days upon notification to the SFM or 10 days following legal proceedings. For years, the SFM and/or most local jurisdictions disposed of these products in either open pit burns or closed incinerator burns.

A new day for fireworks in California



LAW AFTER PASSAGE OF SB 839 with increased fines.

LESS THAN 25 LBS.

THRESHOLD AMOUNT OF FIREWORKS:

Less than 25 pounds gross weight, including packaging.

VIOLATION: A misdemeanor.

PUNISHMENT: A fine of not less than $500 or more than $1,000 or imprisonment in the county jail for not more than 1 year byboth such fine and imprisonment.

These amounts should be handled by a local administrative fine ordinance, not by criminal prosecution under the Health and Safety Code.


NOT LESS THAN 25 LBS. NO MORE THAN 100 LBS.

  • THRESHOLD AMOUNT OF FIREWORKS:

    Not less than 25 pounds but no more than 100 pounds gross weight, including packaging

  • VIOLATION: A misdemeanor

  • PUNISHMENT: Imprisonment in the county jail for not more than 1 year or by a fine of not less than $1,000 or more than $5,000 or by both that fine and imprisonment


NOT LESS THAN 100 LBS. NO MORE THAN 5,000 LBS.

  • THRESHOLD AMOUNT OF FIREWORKS:

    Not less than 100 pounds but no more than 5,000 pounds gross weight including packaging

  • VIOLATION: A wobbler (may either be prosecuted as a misdemeanor or felony under the California Health and Safety Code)

  • PUNISHMENT: Imprisonment in the state prison or the county jail for not more than 1 year or by a fine of not less than $5,000 or more than $10,000 or by both such fine and imprisonment


MORE THAN 5,000 LBS. 5,000 LBS.

  • THRESHOLD AMOUNT OF FIREWORKS:

    More than 5,000 pounds gross weight including packaging

  • VIOLATION: A wobbler (may either be prosecuted as a misdemeanor or felony under the California Health and Safety Code)

  • PUNISHMENT: Imprisonment in the state prison or the county jail for not more than 1 year or by a fine of not less than $10,000 or more than $50,000 or by both that fine and imprisonment


PROVIDES FOR STATE/LOCAL GOVERNMENT SHARING OF CRIMINAL FINES AND PENALTIES LEVIED AGAINST ILLEGAL FIREWORKS VIOLATORS

STATE FIRE MARSHAL FIREWORKS ENFORCEMENT FUND

* SB 839 creates “The State Fire Marshal Fireworks Enforcement and Disposal Fund.”

* 65% of the increased criminal fines will be deposited in this fund.

* SB 839 provides that 65% of the penalties imposed via criminal court prosecutions under the Health and Safety Code (not administrative fines imposed by local jurisdictions) shall be deposited into this fund for use by the State Fire Marshal to enforce, prosecute, dispose of and/or manage dangerous fireworks and to educate public safety agencies in the proper handling and management of dangerous fireworks.

* 35% of the increased criminal fines will remain with the local jurisdiction.

* SB 839 provides that 35% of the penalties in a criminal prosecution under the Health and Safety Code (not administrative fines imposed by local jurisdictions) will remain with the local jurisdictions.


Provides for a model ordinance that permits local jurisdictions to adopt a streamlined enforcement and administrative fine procedure relating to the possession and use of less than 25 pounds of dangerous fireworks

ADMINISTRATIVE FINE MODEL ORDINANCE:

  • The State Fire Marshal shall consult with public safety agencies and other stakeholders, as deemed necessary by the State Fire Marshal, and develop a model ordinance that permits local jurisdictions to adopt a streamlined enforcement and administrative fine procedure relating to the possession of less than 25 pounds of dangerous fireworks. These procedures shall be limited to civil fines and is authorized pursuant to Section 53069.4 of the California Government Code. These fines shall not be subjected to the 65% / 35% split set forth under the new Health and Safety Code Section 12706.

  • The model ordinance shall include provisions for reimbursing the Office of the State Fire Marshal for the costs associated with the disposal of seized fireworks and collecting these disposal costs as part of an administrative fine.

  • Per CA Govt Code Section 36900-36904, a violation of a city ordinance is a misdemeanor unless, by ordinance, it is made an infraction. It is important that a violation for possession or use of dangerous fireworks not be an infraction because, if it is, it is only punishable by a fine not exceeding $100 for a first violation, $200 for second violation and $500 for each subsequent violation of the same ordinance within one year. As long as a violation is a misdemeanor, a jurisdiction may set the new administrative fines as high as they deem appropriate.


  • Any local jurisdiction which has an ordinance in effect on or after January 1, 2008 that is related to dangerous fireworks and is not the model ordinance described above shall, as soon as practical, comply with all of the following:

    • The ordinance shall be amended or adopted to include a provision for cost reimbursement to the Office of the State Fire Marshal and the collection of disposal costs as part of an administrative fine;

    • The ordinance shall be amended or adopted to provide that the ordinance shall be limited to a person who possesses or the seizure of less than 25 pounds of dangerous fireworks;

    • The ordinance shall be amended or adopted to provide that the fines collected pursuant to the ordinance shall not be subject to the 65% / 35% split contemplated under the new Health and Safety Code Section 12706.


Requires the Department of Motor Vehicles, in conjunction with the State Fire Marshal, to develop regulations for the suspension of a commercial motor vehicle license when the license holder was involved in the transportation of illegal fireworks

  • Existing California law prohibits a driver of a commercial motor vehicle from operating a commercial motor vehicle for 1 year if the driver is convicted of a first violation of specified vehicle-related offenses or convicted of other specific crimes.

  • SB 839 requires the Department of Motor Vehicles, in conjunction with the State Fire Marshal, to develop regulations and procedures to temporarily suspend the commercial motor vehicle license of a person who is operating a commercial motor vehicle while transporting dangerous fireworks having a gross weight of 10,000 pounds or more. SB 839 also prohibits the driver of a commercial motor vehicle from operating a commercial motor vehicle for 3 years if the driver is convicted of transporting dangerous fireworks having a gross weight of 10,000 or more.


Requires the State Fire Marshal, in conjunction with the Attorney General, to serve notice of unauthorized shipments of fireworks into California

At least once a year, the State Fire Marshal, in consultation with the California Attorney General, shall serve notice to any individual or business known to supply fireworks, including wholesalers and/or internet suppliers, that any unauthorized shipment of fireworks into California will result in an immediate report to federal authorities with a request for any and all relevant federal prosecutions.


Allows the State Fire Marshal to establish regulations through the Office of Administrative Law, in consultation with the fireworks industry, to assess a fee on all fireworks licensees in California to support statewide enforcement and public education regarding fireworks.

  • The State Fire Marshal will develop new regulations next year in consultation with the fireworks industry, to assess a fee on all fireworks licensees in California to support statewide enforcement and public education regarding fireworks.

  • The State Fire Marshal must consult with the fireworks industry and all importer/exporter, wholesaler and retail fireworks licensees. The total amount of the fees collected shall not exceed the reasonable cost of the statewide programs contemplated in this legislation. All monies collected pursuant to these newly assessed fees must be exclusively used for the following purposes:

    • - Assist in statewide programs for the enforcement, prosecution related to, disposal and management of seized dangerous fireworks;

    • - The education of public safety agencies in the proper handling and management of dangerous fireworks as well as safety issues involving all fireworks and explosives;

    • - Assist the State Fire Marshal in identifying and evaluating methods to capture more

    • detailed data relating to fires, damages and injuries caused by both dangerous and safe and sane fireworks and to assist with funding the eventual development and implementation of these methods; and

    • - To further assist in public safety and education efforts within the general public as well as public safety agencies on the proper and responsible use of safe and sane fireworks.



Requires the State Fire Marshal, on or before July 1, 2008, to identify and evaluate more detailed data collection methods relating to injuries and loss of property involving fireworks

REVITALIZATION OF FIREWORKS-CAUSED FIRE AND INJURY DATABASE

On or before July 1, 2008, the State Fire Marshal shall identify and evaluate methods to capture more detailed data relating to fires, damages and injuries caused by both dangerous fireworks and safe and sane fireworks. These evaluation methods shall include a cost analysis relating to capturing and reporting the data and shall meet or exceed the specificity, detail and reliability of the data captured under the former California Fire Incident Reporting System (CFIRS).


Administrative fine ordinance
Administrative Fine Ordinance to identify and evaluate more detailed data collection methods relating to injuries and loss of property involving fireworks

  • The State Fire Marshal shall consult with public safety agencies and other stakeholders, as deemed necessary by the State Fire Marshal, and develop a model ordinance that permits local jurisdictions to adopt a streamlined enforcement and administrative fine procedure relating to the possession of less than 25 pounds of dangerous fireworks. These procedures shall be limited to civil fines and is authorized pursuant to Section 53069.4 of the California Government Code. These fines shall not be subjected to the 65% / 35% split set forth under the new Health and Safety Code Section 12706.

  • The model ordinance shall include provisions for reimbursing the Office of the State Fire Marshal for the costs associated with the disposal of seized fireworks and collecting these disposal costs as part of an administrative fine.

  • Any local jurisdiction which has an ordinance in effect on or after January 1, 2008 that is related to dangerous fireworks and is not the model ordinance described above shall, as soon as practical, comply with all of the following:

    • The ordinance shall be amended or adopted to include a provision for cost reimbursement to the Office of the State Fire Marshal and the collection of disposal costs as part of an administrative fine;

    • The ordinance shall be amended or adopted to provide that the ordinance shall be limited to a person who possesses, or the seizure of, less than 25 pounds of dangerous fireworks;

    • The ordinance shall be amended or adopted to provide that the fines collected pursuant to the ordinance shall not be subject to the 65% / 35% split contemplated under the new Health and Safety Code Section 12706.


Key points to include when amending ordinances
KEY POINTS TO INCLUDE WHEN AMENDING ORDINANCES to identify and evaluate more detailed data collection methods relating to injuries and loss of property involving fireworks

  • Per CA Govt Code Section 36900-36904 a violation of a city ordinance is a misdemeanor unless, by ordinance, it is made an infraction. It is important that a violation for possession or use of dangerous fireworks not be an infraction because, if it is, it is only punishable by a fine not exceeding $100 for a first violation, $200 for a second violation and $500 for each subsequent violation of the same ordinance within one year.

  • The new administrative fine ordinance must state that it will provide cost reimbursement to the State Fire Marshal pursuant to regulations adopted by the State Fire Marshal addressing the State Fire Marshal’s cost for transportation and disposal of dangerous fireworks seized by that jurisdiction, which costs will be part of any administrative fine imposed. Arguably, unless and until those regulations are passed, a local jurisdiction may keep 100% of those fine revenues.

  • The ordinance must state that imposition of administrative fines related to use or possession of dangerous fireworks are limited to persons who possess, or the seizure of, 25 pounds or less of dangerous fireworks.

  • The ordinance must state fines collected pursuant to this administrative fine process, are not subject to California Health and Safety Code Section 12706 (the 65%/35% split that applies to all criminal/superior court conviction/fines.

  • Any local jurisdiction which already has in place as of 1/1/08 an administrative fine ordinance which permits levying a fine for the use or possession of dangerous fireworks within that jurisdiction must, as soon as practical, comply with the following:

    • Amend it to provide for cost reimbursement to the State Fire Marshal addressing SFM’s cost for transportation and disposal of the dangerous fireworks seized by that jurisdiction, which costs will be part of any administrative fine imposed;

    • Amend it to provide that the ordinance shall be limited to a person who possesses, or the seizure of 25, pounds or less of dangerous fireworks; and

    • Amend it to provide that the fines collected pursuant to that administrative fine ordinance are not subject to the 65%/35% split contemplated under new Health and Safety Code Section 12706.


Sfm program status
SFM PROGRAM STATUS to identify and evaluate more detailed data collection methods relating to injuries and loss of property involving fireworks

  • STAFF ASSIGNED TO OVERSEE PROGRAM

  • FIREWORKS DISPOSAL UNITS ARE BEING TESTED

  • WEB PAGE HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED CONTAINING:

    • COPY OF SB 839

    • MOST RECENT DRAFT OF MODEL ORDINANCE

    • UPDATED ENFORCEMENT REFERENCE CARD

    • SB 839 POWER POINT PRESENTATION

    • SB 839 FAQ’S

    • SFM ILLEGAL FIREWORK BROCHURE (PDF) WITH SB 839 AMENDMENTS


Sfm sb 839 contact information
SFM SB 839 CONTACT INFORMATION to identify and evaluate more detailed data collection methods relating to injuries and loss of property involving fireworks

PROGRAM STAFFPHONE NUMBER

Tony Guevara (916) 327-8278

Yevonne Costa (916) 445-8373

SFM WEB PAGE osfm.fire.ca.gov/sb-839


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