Road safety strategies the most fruitful directions
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Road Safety Strategies - the most fruitful directions. Ian Johnston Director Monash University Accident Research Centre. S.A.: 1950-2000. We have come a long way BUT how well will our current strategies serve us in the future?.

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Road safety strategies the most fruitful directions l.jpg

Road Safety Strategies- the most fruitful directions

Ian Johnston

Director

Monash University

Accident Research Centre



We have come a long way but how well will our current strategies serve us in the future l.jpg
We have come a long wayBUThow well will our current strategies serve us in the future?


We have done most of the easy things and we are not even talking about the hard things l.jpg
We have done most of the easy thingsANDwe are not even talking about the hard things


Why is there such a large gap between road safety knowledge and action l.jpg
Why is there such a large gap between road safety knowledge and action?

  • fundamentally because we value personal time/mobility far above community safety

  • which has created a personal transport milieu that is ultimately incompatible with a minimal road toll


Exhibit 1 community acceptance of a quantum of road toll l.jpg
Exhibit 1 and action?- Community acceptance of a ‘quantum’ of road toll

  • the single largest cause of death in the first five decades of life

  • we value personal safety, not community safety

  • but we worry only about departures from the norm


Exhibit 2 the human failure myth l.jpg
Exhibit 2 and action?- The “human failure” myth

  • our system of blame

  • lack of understanding of system design role

    • aided and abetted by “sectional interest”


Exhibit 3 the regulatory stick era l.jpg
Exhibit 3 and action?- The “regulatory stick” era

  • mandated protection - seat belts - helmets

  • tough laws

  • intense enforcement

  • high penalties


Great value but l.jpg
Great value and action?but

  • alcohol - still 20-25%

  • 97% belt wearing but …

  • more ‘anti-social’ in a smaller road toll


What s left in the regulatory kit bag l.jpg
What’s left and action?in the regulatory kit bag?

  • drugs? possibly

  • fatigue? unlikely

  • speed? absolutely, but


Exhibit 4 the speed management controversy l.jpg
Exhibit 4 and action?- The speed management controversy

  • speed or speeding?

  • enforcement tolerances

  • camera rage

  • revenue raising


Exhibit 5 the illusion of vehicle safety l.jpg
Exhibit 5 and action?- The illusion of vehicle safety

  • excellent gains in crashworthinessBUT only modest levels of absolute protection

    • 30 km/h for pedestrians

    • 30-50 km/h for side impacts

    • 65-70 km/h for “head on”


Exhibit 6 the market dominance of power and performance l.jpg
Exhibit 6 and action?- The market dominance of power and performance

  • we design, build and market cars with performance potential way beyond what is legal or even feasible in traffic


Slide16 l.jpg

Red Zone and action?


Exhibit 7 the illusion of safe road infrastructure l.jpg
Exhibit 7 and action?- The illusion of safe road infrastructure

  • long lengths per taxpayer mean cost premium

  • little of road stock at high design standard

  • almost none at high roadside safety standard


Exhibit 8 our failure to deal with run off road l.jpg
Exhibit 8 and action?- Our failure to deal with “run off road”

  • 4 in 10 deaths

  • alcohol, fatigue, distraction, speed

    • causes not consequences

    • the 80:20 rule


What have we done l.jpg
What have we done? and action?

  • improved alignment

  • sealed shoulders

  • tactile edgelines

but these are ‘spot’ treatments not system wide approaches


Hope beyond standards l.jpg
Hope beyond standards? and action?

  • NCAP

  • AusRAP

    BUT consumer leadership is still in its infancy


We need a sea change l.jpg
We need a sea change and action?

  • We have most of the benefits from the “regulatory stick”

  • Crashworthiness gains are fewer and smaller

  • We don’t have the benefits of road infrastructure safety, particularly roadside safety


My big l.jpg
My “Big ” and action?

5

  • two for now

  • three for the future


Slide25 l.jpg
NOW and action?

  • Reduce urban travel speeds by 3-5 km/h

    • how?

    • value of forcing social change


Slide26 l.jpg
NOW and action?

  • Programmaticimprovement in rural roadside safety


Future l.jpg
FUTURE and action?

  • Confront the “car culture”

    • the way cars are marketed

    • the way driving is viewed


Future28 l.jpg
FUTURE and action?

  • Strengthen the institutional accountabilities

    • to provide a safe infrastructure

    • have to break down the ‘blame’ mentality


Future29 l.jpg
FUTURE and action?

  • Develop real leadership

    • by government / industry

    • analogous to environment?

    • a ‘social responsibility’ model


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