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Road Safety Strategies - the most fruitful directions. Ian Johnston Director Monash University Accident Research Centre. S.A.: 1950-2000. We have come a long way BUT how well will our current strategies serve us in the future?.

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Road Safety Strategies - the most fruitful directions

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Road safety strategies the most fruitful directions l.jpg

Road Safety Strategies- the most fruitful directions

Ian Johnston

Director

Monash University

Accident Research Centre


S a 1950 2000 l.jpg

S.A.: 1950-2000


We have come a long way but how well will our current strategies serve us in the future l.jpg

We have come a long wayBUThow well will our current strategies serve us in the future?


We have done most of the easy things and we are not even talking about the hard things l.jpg

We have done most of the easy thingsANDwe are not even talking about the hard things


Why is there such a large gap between road safety knowledge and action l.jpg

Why is there such a large gap between road safety knowledge and action?

  • fundamentally because we value personal time/mobility far above community safety

  • which has created a personal transport milieu that is ultimately incompatible with a minimal road toll


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Exhibit 1- Community acceptance of a ‘quantum’ of road toll

  • the single largest cause of death in the first five decades of life

  • we value personal safety, not community safety

  • but we worry only about departures from the norm


Exhibit 2 the human failure myth l.jpg

Exhibit 2- The “human failure” myth

  • our system of blame

  • lack of understanding of system design role

    • aided and abetted by “sectional interest”


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Exhibit 3- The “regulatory stick” era

  • mandated protection- seat belts- helmets

  • tough laws

  • intense enforcement

  • high penalties


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Great valuebut

  • alcohol- still 20-25%

  • 97% belt wearing but …

  • more ‘anti-social’ in a smaller road toll


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What’s left in the regulatory kit bag?

  • drugs?possibly

  • fatigue?unlikely

  • speed?absolutely, but


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Exhibit 4 - The speed management controversy

  • speed or speeding?

  • enforcement tolerances

  • camera rage

  • revenue raising


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Exhibit 5- The illusion of vehicle safety

  • excellent gains in crashworthinessBUT only modest levels of absolute protection

    • 30 km/h for pedestrians

    • 30-50 km/h for side impacts

    • 65-70 km/h for “head on”


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Exhibit 6 - The market dominance of power and performance

  • we design, build and market cars with performance potential way beyond what is legal or even feasible in traffic


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Red Zone


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Exhibit 7 - The illusion of safe road infrastructure

  • long lengths per taxpayer mean cost premium

  • little of road stock at high design standard

  • almost none at high roadside safety standard


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Exhibit 8- Our failure to deal with “run off road”

  • 4 in 10 deaths

  • alcohol, fatigue, distraction, speed

    • causes not consequences

    • the 80:20 rule


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What have we done?

  • improved alignment

  • sealed shoulders

  • tactile edgelines

but these are ‘spot’ treatments not system wide approaches


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Hope beyond standards?

  • NCAP

  • AusRAP

    BUT consumer leadership is still in its infancy


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We need a sea change

  • We have most of the benefits from the “regulatory stick”

  • Crashworthiness gains are fewer and smaller

  • We don’t have the benefits of road infrastructure safety, particularly roadside safety


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My “Big ”

5

  • two for now

  • three for the future


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NOW

  • Reduce urban travel speeds by 3-5 km/h

    • how?

    • value of forcing social change


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NOW

  • Programmaticimprovement in rural roadside safety


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FUTURE

  • Confront the “car culture”

    • the way cars are marketed

    • the way driving is viewed


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FUTURE

  • Strengthen the institutional accountabilities

    • to provide a safe infrastructure

    • have to break down the ‘blame’ mentality


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FUTURE

  • Develop real leadership

    • by government / industry

    • analogous to environment?

    • a ‘social responsibility’ model


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