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Promoting Integration by Awareness Raising and Counselling Final Conference Vienna, 29 th of June, 2010. Migrant Women in Hungary Presented by Lídia Balogh MONA Foundation for the Women of Hungary. Source of the pictures:
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Migrant Women in Hungary
MONA Foundation for the Women of Hungary
Bevándorló Budapest (= ‘Immigrant Budapest’), Budapest: Menedék Foundation, 2009.
NOTE: Roma in Hungary are Hungarian citizens, and are settled in cities and in villages as well (a significant proportion in the most disadvantaged regions of the country).
(70 % of all migrants and foreign born citizens – many of them now have Hungarian citizenship)
(estimates vary between 5.000 and 15.000)
- Economic migration prevails, this motivation is followed by:
- Higher education studies and
- Family reunification reasons
- No precise data available,
- Overallnot lower than that of the total population.
- Higher than that of the total population
- Migrant groups areclearly segmented in terms of the work they perform in the Hungarian labour market
- No real vertical segregation
Some roles of migrant women in Hungary:
skilled nurses from neighboring countries,
mainly ethnic Hungarians (commuting between workplace and homecountry)
unskilled, illegal workers from neighboring countries
(mainly ethnic Hungarian women from Romania)
e.g. Russian women (married to Hungarian men)
Some „typical” roles of migrant women in Western countries are NOT performed by migrants in Hungary, such as:
performed typically by non-migrants
(Note: Roma are often excluded even from low prestige jobs)
typically non-migrant women and girls are involved
(Roma are overrepresented)
Slightly more men
(different pattern than that of the non-migrant society)
(except Chinese, Vietnamese and Mongolians)
-e.g. for victims of female genital mutilation
- Information, knowledge on information and knowledge on reproductive rights and on birth control/family planning.
- Gender violence issues: awareness raising, information about rights and the available help services
NO comprehensive national migrant integration strategy
(only somelimited-scale, isolated policy components)
NO policies/programs for migrant women
- psychological, medical care for traumatized refugees
- Hungarian language and culture course for migrant women
- information service
- women’s clubs at refugee camps and in privateshelters
- model program to prevent sexual violence in refugee camps
- brochure for women about health carerights, domestic violence etc,
- seminar for migrant women
- individual counseling services for migrant women