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Master’s (MPH) Degree in Public Health Core Competency Development Project (2004-2006): Review for Global Health Competency Conference September 25, 2009. Dean Stephen M. Shortell, PhD, MPH Former Chair, ASPH Education Committee. MPH Core Competency Development Project…Why?.

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Dean stephen m shortell phd mph former chair asph education committee l.jpg

Master’s (MPH) Degree in Public Health Core Competency Development Project (2004-2006): Review for Global Health Competency ConferenceSeptember 25, 2009

Dean Stephen M. Shortell, PhD, MPH

Former Chair, ASPH Education Committee


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MPH Core Competency Development Project…Why? Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Increased emphasis on accountability

  • Proliferation of competency-based training in public health

  • Challenges of 21st century practice

  • Recommendations by important national organizations (e.g. IOM)

  • Increasing incorporation of competencies into accreditation

  • Development of National Board of Public Health Examiners (NBPHE)


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Two-Phased Process Development Project (2004-2006):

Phase 1 (2004-2005)

Discipline-specific Competency Identification and Specification

(Five core competencies)

Phase 2 (2005-2006)

Interdisciplinary/Cross-cutting Competency Identification and Specification

(Seven core competencies)


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Core Competency Model Graphic Model Development Project (2004-2006):


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Discipline-Specific Competencies Development Project (2004-2006):

These are core competencies that every MPH student should be able to demonstrate upon graduation regardless of major or area of specialization. (n=5)

Interdisciplinary/Cross-Cutting Competencies

These are core competencies that are increasingly important for every MPH student be able to demonstrate upon graduation regardless of major or area of specialization. (n=7)


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Workgroups’ Charge Development Project (2004-2006):

Each workgroup identified eight to ten sub-competencies (KSOs – knowledge, skills, and other characteristics) critical to indicating accomplishment of the core competency.


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Aims Development Project (2004-2006):

  • An integrated set of core MPH competencies with:

    • five basic PH science competencies, and

    • seven cross-cutting competencies

  • The set is intended to serve as a resource and guide

  • ASPH does not prescribe the methods nor processes for achievement

  • Competencies respect the uniqueness and diversity of schools and programs.

  • The set will be relevant for all students, upon graduation, regardless of area of specialization


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Process Summary Data Development Project (2004-2006):

  • 400+ faculty and practice partners participating

  • Five discipline-specific and seven cross-cutting competencies in two domains (disciplinary and interdisciplinary/cross-cutting)

  • 119 core competencies overall

  • Modified Delphi response rates were 91% for the disciplinary and 85% for the interdisciplinary/cross-cutting


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Competency ID & Specification Process Development Project (2004-2006):

(Applies to Both Phase 1 & 2)

Workgroup Identification & Specification

Core Competency Council

(workgroup chairs – made up of academic representatives & practitioners)

Steering Committee

Education Committee Leadership

ASPH Membership + Practice Community

1) Education Committee Workshop

2) Associate Deans’ Retreat

3) Deans’ Retreat

ASPH Board of Directors


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Important Components of the Process Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Geared towards all MPH graduates, regardless of specialty area, background, or job trajectory

  • Built upon work of the Council on Linkages, CDC, member schools, etc.

  • Involvement of ASPH faculty experts, practitioners, and program reps

  • Use of nominal group processes (e.g. Delphi Technique)

  • An understanding that the sub-competencies grouped under any competency (e.g. epidemiology) are not necessarily taught in a single course


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Suggestions for How the MPH Competencies Inform This Process Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Treat the MPH competencies as foundational to this process – they represent the core set of competencies for all graduates

  • Review the MPH competencies for competency gaps that GH-focused students might need to acquire

  • Assure there is no overlap/duplication between the broad MPH competencies and the specialized GH competencies

  • Use the finalized GH-focused competencies as a supplement to the core MPH competencies


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Next Steps for Revision of the MPH Core Competencies Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Since competency models have a three to five-year lifespan, now is the time to start thinking about a review process as well as how to fund it

  • John Finnegan is undertaking a survey of the competencies among the schools – this study will inform the MPH revision effort


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Cross-cutting Development Project (2004-2006):

Competencies


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Communication and Informatics Development Project (2004-2006):

The ability to collect, manage and organize data to produce information and meaning that is exchanged by use of signs and symbols; to gather, process, and present information to different audiences in-person, through information technologies, or through media channels; and to strategically design the information and knowledge exchange process to achieve specific objectives. 

  • Describe how the public health information infrastructure is used to collect, process, maintain, and disseminate data.

  • Describe how societal, organizational, and individual factors influence and are influenced by public health communications.

  • Discuss the influences of social, organizational and individual factors on the use of information technology by end users.


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Communication and Informatics (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Apply theory and strategy-based communication principles across different settings and audiences.

  • Apply legal and ethical principles to the use of information technology and resources in public health settings.

  • Collaborate with communication and informatics specialists in the process of design, implementation, and evaluation of public health programs.


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Communication and Informatics (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Demonstrate effective written and oral skills for communicating with different audiences in the context of professional public health activities.

  • Use information technology to access, evaluate, and interpret public health data.

  • Use informatics methods and resources as strategic tools to promote public health.

  • Use informatics and communication methods to advocate for community public health programs and policies.


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Diversity and Culture Development Project (2004-2006):

The ability to interact with both diverse individuals and communities to produce or impact an intended public health outcome.

  • Describe the roles of, history, power, privilege and structural inequality in producing health disparities.

  • Explain how professional ethics and practices relate to equity and accountability in diverse community settings.

  • Explain why cultural competence alone cannot address health disparity.

  • Discuss the importance and characteristics of a sustainable diverse public health workforce.


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Diversity and Culture (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Use the basic concepts and skills involved in culturally appropriate community engagement and empowerment with diverse communities.

  • Apply the principles of community-based participatory research to improve health in diverse populations.

  • Differentiate among availability, acceptability, and accessibility of health care across diverse populations.

  • Differentiate between linguistic competence, cultural competency, and health literacy in public health practice.


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Diversity and Culture (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

9. Cite examples of situations where consideration of culture-specific needs resulted in a more effective modification or adaptation of a health intervention.

10.Develop public health programs and strategies responsive to the diverse cultural values and traditions of the communities being served.


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Leadership Development Project (2004-2006):

The ability to create and communicate a shared vision for a changing future; champion solutions to organizational and community challenges; and energize commitment to goals.

  • Describe the attributes of leadership in public health.

  • Describe alternative strategies for collaboration and partnership among organizations, focused on public health goals.

  • Articulate an achievable mission, set of core values, and vision.

  • Engage in dialogue and learning from others to advance public health goals.


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Leadership (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Demonstrate team building, negotiation, and conflict management skills.

  • Demonstrate transparency, integrity, and honesty in all actions.

  • Use collaborative methods for achieving organizational and community health goals.

  • Apply social justice and human rights principles when addressing community needs.

  • Develop strategies to motivate others for collaborative problem solving, decision-making, and evaluation.


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Professionalism Development Project (2004-2006):

The ability to demonstrate ethical choices, values and professional practices implicit in public health decisions; consider the effect of choices on community stewardship, equity, social justice and accountability; and to commit to personal and institutional development.

  • Discuss sentinel events in the history and development of the public health profession and their relevance for practice in the field.

  • Apply basic principles of ethical analysis (e.g. the Public Health Code of Ethics, human rights framework, other moral theories) to issues of public health practice and policy.

  • Apply evidence-based principles and the scientific knowledge base to critical evaluation and decision-making in public health.

  • Apply the core functions of assessment, policy development, and assurance in the analysis of public health problems and their solutions.


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Professionalism (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Promote high standards of personal and organizational integrity, compassion, honesty and respect for all people.

  • Analyze determinants of health and disease using an ecological framework.

  • Analyze the potential impacts of legal and regulatory environments on the conduct of ethical public health research and practice.

  • Distinguish between population and individual ethical considerations in relation to the benefits, costs, and burdens of public health programs.


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Professionalism (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

9. Embrace a definition of public health that captures the unique characteristics of the field (e.g., population-focused, community-oriented, prevention-motivated and rooted in social justice) and how these contribute to professional practice.

  • Appreciate the importance of working collaboratively with diverse communities and constituencies (e.g. researchers, practitioners, agencies and organizations).

  • Value commitment to lifelong learning and professional service including active participation in professional organizations.


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Program Planning Development Project (2004-2006):

The ability to plan for the design, development, implementation, and evaluation of strategies to improve individual and community health.

  • Describe how social, behavioral, environmental, and biological factors contribute to specific individual and community health outcomes.

  • Describe the tasks necessary to assure that program implementation occurs as intended.

  • Explain how the findings of a program evaluation can be used.

  • Explain the contribution of logic models in program development, implementation, and evaluation.


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Program Planning (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Differentiate among goals, measurable objectives, related activities, and expected outcomes for a public health program.

  • Differentiate the purposes of formative, process, and outcome evaluation.

  • Differentiate between qualitative and quantitative evaluation methods in relation to their strengths, limitations, and appropriate uses, and emphases on reliability and validity.

  • Prepare a program budget with justification.

  • In collaboration with others, prioritize individual, organizational, and community concerns and resources for public health programs.

  • Assess evaluation reports in relation to their quality, utility, and impact on public health.


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Public Health Biology Development Project (2004-2006):

The ability to incorporate public health biology – the biological and molecular context of public health – into public health practice.

  • Specify the role of the immune system in population health.

  • Describe how behavior alters human biology.

  • Identify the ethical, social and legal issues implied by public health biology.

  • Explain the biological and molecular basis of public health.


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Public Health Biology (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Explain the role of biology in the ecological model of population-based health.

  • Explain how genetics and genomics affect disease processes and public health policy and practice.

  • Articulate how biological, chemical and physical agents affect human health.

  • Apply biological principles to development and implementation of disease prevention, control, or management programs.

  • Apply evidence-based biological and molecular concepts to inform public health laws, policies, and regulations.

  • Integrate general biological and molecular concepts into public health.


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Systems Thinking Development Project (2004-2006):

The ability to recognize system level properties that result from dynamic interactions among human and social systems and how they affect the relationships among individuals, groups, organizations, communities, and environments.

  • Identify characteristics of a system.

  • Identify unintended consequences produced by changes made to a public health system.

  • Provide examples of feedback loops and “stocks and flows” within a public health system.

  • Explain how systems (e.g. individuals, social networks, organizations, and communities) may be viewed as systems within systems in the analysis of public health problems.


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Systems Thinking (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Explain how systems models can be tested and validated.

  • Explain how the contexts of gender, race, poverty, history, migration, and culture are important in the design of interventions within public health systems.

  • Illustrate how changes in public health systems (including input, processes, and output) can be measured.

  • Analyze inter-relationships among systems that influence the quality of life of people in their communities.


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Systems Thinking (Cont.) Development Project (2004-2006):

  • Analyze the effects of political, social and economic policies on public health systems at the local, state, national and international levels.

  • Analyze the impact of global trends and interdependencies on public health related problems and systems.

  • Assess strengths and weaknesses of applying the systems approach to public health problems.


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