European colonialism in the Middle East. Intervention, Transformation, Independence . A romanticized painting of Napoleon inspecting a mummy at the Pyramids. Imperialism Policy of extending control over foreign entities either thru direct or indirect political or economic intervention
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European colonialism in the Middle East
A romanticized painting of Napoleon inspecting a mummy at the Pyramids.
Policy of extending control over foreign entities either thru direct or indirect political or economic intervention
System in which a state claims sovereignty over territory & resources beyond its borders, displacing or ruling its local population
Cecil Rhodes, “From Cape to Cairo”, as depicted in a 19th c. Punch magazine.
Why did Europe become so strong?
New state types
W. European Transformation
In the late 19th c. around 60% of Britain’s cotton exports went to India & further east…
1798-1801 French invasion of Egypt
British outposts on the Arabian Peninsula, 1799
French annexation of Algeria, 1834 (settler colonialism)
British administrative occupation of Egypt, 1882
Russian and British imperialism in Iran
Gerome’s Napoleon in Egypt (1863)
Map Correction: Iran and Egypt were not fully independent until much later than indicated here. Both continued to have extensive external involvement in their economic and political affairs.