Energy Recovery Technologies

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Energy Recovery Technologies

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1. Energy Recovery Technologies Eric Van Uytfanck, Eng

2. Agenda Market Drivers Standards & Codes Air to Air heat exchangers ARI-1060 Conclusion and Questions What is a Venmar CES’s applied product? What do we offer? What’s New? Certifications Warranty What is a Venmar CES’s applied product? What do we offer? What’s New? Certifications Warranty

3. Market Drivers for Energy Recovery Rising Energy Costs Indoor Air Quality Mold VOC’s Temperature & Humidity Liability Standards & Codes

4. Standards & Codes ASHRAE Standard 62.1 ASHRAE Standard 90.1 ARI Standard 1060 ARI Guideline V EPACT LEED / LEED for Schools & more…

5. IAQ and Energy Conservation

6. Outside Air Requirements Stnd 62 Well it all starts by determining how much outside air you require. This should be available through your local code authority, or else by referencing your international mechanical code, or ASHRAE. As you can see by the chart, we have been recommending ventilation rates for over 50 years, and rates have moved up and down over time. Currently ASHRAE standard 62 provides guidance for acceptable air quality, as is considered as a minimum recommendation. As you can see back in 1981, there was a significant reduction in outside air requirements, due to the energy crisis we had in the 70’s. In the 80s and early 90’s we built tighter buildings to reduce energy loads, and at the same time, brought less outside air into out buildings – no wonder we have indoor air quality problems today. ASHRAE has proposed changes to the International Code Council's (ICC) International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and International Mechanical Code (IMC). The proposed changes are scheduled to be evaluated in September 2006 for possible inclusion in the 2007 supplements. Use of ASHRAE Standard 62.1 in IMC Would Provide Lower Costs Use of ASHRAE's new ventilation rate procedure in the International Mechanical Code (IMC) would reduce first costs and energy costs in many buildings. ASHRAE has proposed that the ventilation rate calculation procedures from ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2004, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality, be adopted into the IMC. The code establishes minimum regulations for mechanical systems using prescriptive and performance-related provisions. The current ventilation criteria in the IMC are based on ASHRAE Standard 62-1989. Through research and experience, information on indoor air quality and ventilation has evolved. In response, ASHRAE has enhanced its standard to include the new rate procedure. This code change would make the IMC consistent with the standard and the 2006 Uniform Mechanical Code.Well it all starts by determining how much outside air you require. This should be available through your local code authority, or else by referencing your international mechanical code, or ASHRAE. As you can see by the chart, we have been recommending ventilation rates for over 50 years, and rates have moved up and down over time. Currently ASHRAE standard 62 provides guidance for acceptable air quality, as is considered as a minimum recommendation. As you can see back in 1981, there was a significant reduction in outside air requirements, due to the energy crisis we had in the 70’s. In the 80s and early 90’s we built tighter buildings to reduce energy loads, and at the same time, brought less outside air into out buildings – no wonder we have indoor air quality problems today. ASHRAE has proposed changes to the International Code Council's (ICC) International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and International Mechanical Code (IMC). The proposed changes are scheduled to be evaluated in September 2006 for possible inclusion in the 2007 supplements. Use of ASHRAE Standard 62.1 in IMC Would Provide Lower Costs Use of ASHRAE's new ventilation rate procedure in the International Mechanical Code (IMC) would reduce first costs and energy costs in many buildings. ASHRAE has proposed that the ventilation rate calculation procedures from ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2004, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality, be adopted into the IMC. The code establishes minimum regulations for mechanical systems using prescriptive and performance-related provisions. The current ventilation criteria in the IMC are based on ASHRAE Standard 62-1989. Through research and experience, information on indoor air quality and ventilation has evolved. In response, ASHRAE has enhanced its standard to include the new rate procedure. This code change would make the IMC consistent with the standard and the 2006 Uniform Mechanical Code.

7. Addendum a – humidity control Standard 62 Addendum a – humidity control

8. Interaction of Relative Humidity with Pollutant Sources

9. Standard 62-2004 – Addendum Y

10. ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004

11. Energy Recovery & 90.1

12. 90.1 Climatic Zones

13. Future Changes to 90.1? Short term- changes going out for public review Strong potential to be integrated into 2008 Standard

14. ASHRAE Proposed Standard 189P Uses 90.1-2007 as a baseline (LEED uses 90.1-2004 without addenda) 189.1P requires a 30% reduction in energy over 90.1-2007 189.1P requires 30% more airflow than currently mandated for offices and classrooms by 62.1-2007 Many other provisions for Acoustics, IAQ management, on site power generation etc – 5% building stock. Assumption 90.1 – 85% and LEED – 10% – 5% building stock. Assumption 90.1 – 85% and LEED – 10%

15. USGBC & LEED … Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design® LEED provides a definition for “green buildings” It is a market-based standard to distinguish and promote sustainability It is a tool to introduce, promote and guide comprehensive and integrated building design The LEED green building rating system is a voluntary, consensus based, market driven, and building rating system based on existing proven technology.

16. Transforming the Market Better Buildings = Better Performance

17. LEED® Certification Points Building Rating system is based upon the following points system: Certified 26 to 32 Silver 33 to 38 Gold 39 to 51 Platinum More than 51 There are 69 points available. It is impossible to receive all 69 points on a project as some points work against others. There are overlaps of some points, and other points are influenced by the type of construction, existing building or new construction.

18. LEED® Points Where Energy Recovery Helps In Earning Points Point Categories Sustainable Sites 14 Water Efficiency 5 Energy and Atmosphere 17 Materials and Resources 13 Indoor Environmental Quality 15 Innovation & Design Process 5 Points are not simply awarded for purchasing energy recovery equipment. The points that may be awarded can be affected by purchasing energy recovery equipment. Sustainable Sites and Water Efficiency have no points influenced with the addition of energy recovery. Points are not simply awarded for purchasing energy recovery equipment. The points that may be awarded can be affected by purchasing energy recovery equipment. Sustainable Sites and Water Efficiency have no points influenced with the addition of energy recovery.

19. Energy and Atmosphere Optimize Energy Performance After reaching the minimum energy requirements established by ASHRAE Standards 90.1 while achieving ZERO use of CFC-based refrigerants, LEED points may be obtained by reducing the building’s energy consumption.

20. Energy and Atmosphere Measurement & Verification To obtain points, equipment performance must be verified. Large claims in energy savings must be proven. Example: 50% Energy Savings = 8 LEED Points ARI Certified Products = Proven Performance=Accepted Proof Demand The ARI Standard 1060 Certification Label This credit is not affected directly by the use of energy recovery equipment but is affected by the performance of the equipment. The engineers must have confidence that all equipment will perform as specified For example if the LEED design team is using energy recovery equipment to establish a 50% reduction in energy consumption and thus obtain 8 points, they will want assurance that the equipment will work as predicted. The measurement and verification calls for each peace of equipment to be checked to see that the performance was per the specification. One good way to make sure that the equipment will perform is to only accept equipment that has its performance certified by an outside agency such as ARI. In the case of the energy recovery equipment this would be to only accept ARI 1060 certified equipment or components. This credit is not affected directly by the use of energy recovery equipment but is affected by the performance of the equipment. The engineers must have confidence that all equipment will perform as specified For example if the LEED design team is using energy recovery equipment to establish a 50% reduction in energy consumption and thus obtain 8 points, they will want assurance that the equipment will work as predicted. The measurement and verification calls for each peace of equipment to be checked to see that the performance was per the specification. One good way to make sure that the equipment will perform is to only accept equipment that has its performance certified by an outside agency such as ARI. In the case of the energy recovery equipment this would be to only accept ARI 1060 certified equipment or components.

21. Ashrae Meeting – February 2008

22. Air-to-Air Plate Exchangers

23. Thermogain / Heat Pipe Heat Exchangers

24. Total Energy Wheels

25. Heat wheels Contamination??? 3 main factors to consider: Type de dessicant Purge Fan positions

26. Applying ERV technology into your designs How do I select the right technology ? How do I ensure I am getting the energy savings? How can I be confident that I am giving my customer the calculated savings? How can I compare performance with various technologies? How I compare one technology to another?

27. Selecting the Right Technology Consider the application Source control or dilution control? If source control, EATR is important Geographic location Demands for dehumidifying outdoor air in summer? Need for frost control in winter? Conditioned space requirements How is outside air introduced into the system? Humidification in winter? Conditioning space for summer? How am I am managing “free cooling” opportunities What technologies are you comfortable with, or are your customers demanding?

28. ARI-1060 Certification Since 50 years, ARI logo stands for validated performances The only independant certification program in North America for Energy Recovery Equipment ARI proceeds to annual verifications with companies part of the certification program Role of ARI: Information, Verification, Protection

29. ARI on-line directory

30. ARI-1060 Certification ARI 1060 Certification Program Open to All Manufacturers Tests Performed by Independant Laboratory Product Data Manuals from Participating Manufacturers are Verified by Tests on Equipment Specifying ARI 1060 Certification is Protecting your Investment Who is Certified ?

31. ARI-1060 Certification

32. ARI-1060 Certification

33. Certification ARI 1060

35. On-line Certification Directory

36. Conclusion ASHRAE & LEED are taking a dominant role in increased energy efficiency Market is driving to full commercialization of energy recovery technology Educate yourself on energy recovery, compare technologies with ARI-1060 Provide your customer with proper IAQ levels, while supporting the world-wide ASHRAE sustainability effort – apply energy recovery technology! Ensure your design is safe-guarded ! Specify ARI Certification when it comes to energy recovery Demand the ARI Standard 1060 Certification Seal

37. Questions ?

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