Earthquake Readiness Capacity Building Project 2009 . EARTHQUAKE SAFETY TOOLKIT POLICYMAKERS. WAYS TO REDUCE EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE & CASUALTIES
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
EARTHQUAKE SAFETY TOOLKIT
This presentation is part of the POLICY MAKERS TOOLKIT of the CDERA Earthquake Readiness Public Awareness & Education Campaign in the Caribbean 2009
This toolkit is downloadable from http://www.weready.org
Earthquake Exposure in CDERA Member States
The Policy situation
Mitigation of Earthquake Damage & Casualties
21 Mitigation Methods
IN CDERA MEMBER STATES
A seismic active zone
Areas near Trinidad and Martinique experience more earthquakes than other islands of the Eastern Caribbean.
The presence of and adherence to valid seismic building codes is widely accepted as the most effective earthquake mitigation measure.
Codes / regulations / legislation / zonation maps etc
to be inserted by respective users)
… this and as many pages as necessary….
Government authorities need to adopt and enforce appropriate codes that reflect the serious threat posed by earthquakes and tsunamis.
At the same time, these Authorities must also be familiar with existing codes and provisions, and put systems in place to ensure their enforcement.
FOR POLICY MAKERS
*Priority public buildings /structures include hospitals and health care facilities, EOC headquarters and fire and police stations. Other critical infrastructure include schools, homes for the elderly, dams, bridges, public utilities, and other such public buildings.
fully and reliably operational before an earthquake
capable of sustaining operations after an earthquake
contain backup facilities and resources
4. Conduct a programme to introduce earthquake resistant construction techniques to the building industry and the general public, including certification programmes.
5. Where necessary, invest in the development of construction techniques that are seismic resistant.
6. Enact legislation in those countries where it is required to mandate the use of updated seismic model codes. A valid and updated seismic model code needs to be transformed into appropriate national building codes mandated through legislation or local ordinances.
(LOCAL & REGIONAL)
7. Work with financial and insurance companies to encourage financial incentives to reinforce codes in use.
8. Find out more about CARICOM Regional Organisation for Standards and Quality (CROSQ) and its efforts to develop Regional Building Standards (RBS).
9. Pursue regional efforts to establish a common accredited residential construction curriculum that would be the basis of an artisan’s regional certification.
10. Promote the formation of national stakeholder working groups to develop model land use planning and building ordinances from the proposed National Building Codes.
13. Develop and enforce the seismic zonation map using (i) internationally accepted methods, (ii) up-to-date data, and (iii) transparent and repeatable procedures.
14. Determine which areas are safe for construction through analysis of the soil type and geological structure, and use this information to develop appropriate land use planning, zoning, development policies.
15. Make relevant guidelines readily available to designers, developers, builders and the general public as a means of enhancing their ability to effectively inform site selection and building design.
20. Build capacity in National Disaster Organisations (NDOs) through such measures as adequate staffing and sustainment training for NDO personnel and agency liaisons.
21. Clarify roles of NDO and other actors in national emergency management system for different emergencies and in the four phases of the Disaster Response Management cycle (preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation).
It is the responsibility of Policy Makers to ensure the periodic updating of models, zonation maps and national codes (every 5 to 10 years), based on new scientific knowledge and on the monitored results of their past application.