Asia and the world 1450 1800
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ASIA AND THE WORLD (1450-1800). OTTOMAN (1299-1922) RUSSIAN (1533-1917) SAFAVID-IRAN (1521-1722), MUGHAL-INDIA (1526-1858), QING –CHINA (1644-1911. STRONG EMPIRES. EUROPEAN TRADE AND THE DRAIN OF BULLION. European Attempts to reverse the drain: Portuguese (Goa, Macao, Melaka)

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ASIA AND THE WORLD (1450-1800)

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ASIA AND THE WORLD (1450-1800)


OTTOMAN (1299-1922)

RUSSIAN (1533-1917)

SAFAVID-IRAN (1521-1722),

MUGHAL-INDIA (1526-1858),

QING –CHINA (1644-1911

STRONG EMPIRES


EUROPEAN TRADE AND THE DRAIN OF BULLION

European Attempts to reverse the drain: Portuguese (Goa, Macao, Melaka)

Dutch in Southeast Asia


Mughal Empire and the British in India

  • MADRAS (1639), BOMBAY (1661), CALCUTTA (1690)

  • BATTLE OF THE PLASSEY (1757)


Battle of the Plassey:

Clive meets the Mughal Commander

Lord Robert Clive


BRITISH COLONIAL RULE IN INDIA-PHASE I (1757-1858)

TOOLS

  • Bureaucracy

  • Law

  • Colonial Tax

    GOALS

  • Make India pay for its administration

  • Find something that can be sold in India

    • Undermining Indian Textiles

      • Barred from markets controlled by the British

      • Import of British manufactures duty free

      • Conversion of fields from food to cash crops

  • Use India to enter China


From Ming to Qing (1644-1911)


BRITISH EXPEDITIONS TO CHINA

Commodore Anson (1741)

James Flint (1759)

George McCartney (1792)


Lord George Macartney in China (1792)


Emperor Qianlong


WORLD ECONOMIES COMPARED 1500-1775


1450-1650

EuropeMiddle EastAsia

Transformation

Econ.Polit. Ottoman Portug.

EmpireDutch in

SEA

End of feudal

relations, State

Expansion


1450-1650-1750

EuropeMiddle EastAsia

To America-Ottoman EmpireMing

Africa, Asia-Persian Empireto

Qing

AbsolutismPortug,

MercantilismDutchinSEA

Mughal


The Age of Revolution (1750-1850)

  • Economy (Industrial Revolution)

  • Politics (American, French Revolutions; Revolutions of 1848)

  • Science (Enlightenment)


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