A two tier work force strategy
Download
1 / 46

A Two-Tier Work Force Strategy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 164 Views
  • Uploaded on

A Two-Tier Work Force Strategy. Richard L. Tucker. Center for Construction Industry Studies (CCIS). CPI Conference 2001. A Two-Tier Work Force Strategy. Richard Tucker Center for Construction Industry Studies. CPI Conference 2001. Agenda.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'A Two-Tier Work Force Strategy' - Mia_John


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
A two tier work force strategy

A Two-Tier Work Force Strategy

Richard L. Tucker

Center for Construction Industry Studies

(CCIS)

CPI Conference 2001


A Two-Tier Work Force Strategy

Richard Tucker

Center for Construction Industry Studies

CPI Conference 2001


Agenda
Agenda

  • Center for Construction Industry Studies

  • Work Force Issues

  • The Two-Tier Concept

  • Tier II

  • A Necessary Element: Metrics

  • Path Forward



Center for construction industry studies1
Center forConstruction Industry Studies

  • Established in 1996

  • Funding from Sloan Foundation

  • Strong CII Interface

  • Research Thrust Areas

http://www.ce.utexas.edu/org/ccis/


Ccis thrust areas
CCIS Thrust Areas

  • Fully Integrated and Automated Project Processes (FIAPP)

  • Owner/Contractor Work Structure (OCWS)

  • Technology (Construction Methods)

  • Construction Work Force



Two tier concept evolution
Two Tier Concept Evolution

Previous- Many Studies by Many Groups

May 2000- CCIS Work Force Steering Committee

February 2001- Tier II Workshop - Tier II Metrics Development

June 2001- CCIS Work Force Steering Committee (Tier II) - CII Research Team 182 (Tier I) - CII BM&M (Construction Success)

July 2001- Tier II Workers Workshop

August 2001- CII Annual Conference

September 2001- CPI Conference

Future- Pilot Projects


Work force steering committee
Work Force Steering Committee

Dan Bennet NCCER

David Bush Adena Corporation

Keith Byrom Zachry Construction Corp.

Randy Evans BE&K

Ned Givens CII

Ken Hedman Bechtel

Jim Jeffress DuPont

Ted Kennedy BE&K

Doug McCarron United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America

Jim Mortell Cherne Contracting Corp.

James Slaughter S&B Engineers and Constructors

Kent Underwood Solutia Inc.

Lowell Wiles Williams Group International


Work force academic effort
Work Force Academic Effort

Faculty

Bob Glover

Bill Kelly

Stephen Thomas

Richard Tucker

Carl Haas

John Borcherding

Current Students

Nicole Balli

Erin Cannon

Jorge Castañeda-Maza

Soon-Woong Chang

Derek Edward

Lizabeth Howard

Kamel Saidi

David Shields

Former Students

Christine Alemany

Rebecca Burleson

Lynn Ann Carley

Jason Eickmann

Jorge Gomar

Paul Goodrum

Alexander Oey

Mike Pappas

Ana Maria Rodriguez

Julien Saillard

Algernon Stanley

Kevin Terrien


Causes effect solutions
Causes, Effect & Solutions

Poor Career Path

Low Pay

Transient Nature

Poor Image

Poor Environment

WORKER SHORTAGE

More Money

Automation/

Technology

Step Change

Foreign Workers


Causes effect solutions1
Causes, Effect & Solutions

Poor Career Path

Low Pay

Poor Image

WORKER SHORTAGE

Step Change


Construction labor wages

Construction vs. Manufacturing Wages 1970-2000

Non-supervisory workers. Average hourly wages.

(1982-84=100)

16.0

14.0

12.0

10.0

(1982-84=100)

Average hourly wages

8.0

Does not include fringe benefits

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

Construction

Manufacturing

Construction Labor Wages

Source: Business Statistics of the United States, Fifth Edition, 1999.

Original sources: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census





Initiatives

Motivation programs

Incentives

Day-care centers

In-house training/ progression programs

High-performance work teams/worker empowerment

Prefabrication/ pre-assembly

Metrics-based productivity

Overtime/expense pay

Vocational schools/early recruitment

Information technology usage

Foreman computer usage

Career path

Benefits

Industry Image

Recruitment

Initiatives


The two tier concept a step change approach

The Two-Tier Concept(A Step Change Approach)


Work force needs
Work Force Needs

Work Force Needs

Total

Tier I

Unstructured

Tier II

Time


Two tier concept

Worker Profile

Tier I Tier II

Workers' Technical Skills Average Above Average

Workers' Management Skills N/A Selected

Career Path N/A Planned

Training Task Oriented Multi-skilled

Management Supervision High Moderate

Crew Flexibility Reduced High

Element

Two-Tier Concept


Two tier concept1
Two-Tier Concept

Tier I Project Approach

  • Limited worker skills

  • Task training

  • High level of supervision/management

    Tier II Project Approach

  • Better, fewer workers

  • Worker management skills

  • HPWT management approach


Hypothesis

Construction Phase

Success Index

Tier II

Tier I

Unstructured

(Current)

Implementation Index

Implementation Index

Hypothesis

10

0

10

10


Concurrent efforts
Concurrent Efforts

CII

BM&M

“Construction

Success”

CII

RT 182

“Tier I”

CCIS

“Tier II”


Tier i
Tier I

  • More and less skilled workers

  • Task training

  • Limited craft flexibility

  • Shorter individual craft time on a project

  • More detailed supervision

  • “White collar” administration (planning, purchasing, scheduling, etc.)

  • Minimal worker loyalty to firm/project/ industry



Tier ii strategy objectives
Tier II Strategy Objectives

  • Comparable or lower costs

  • Better quality

  • Better safety

  • Better schedule

  • Better productivity

  • More predictability

  • Less administration/supervision

  • Fewer workers/less turnover on a project

  • Higher company/project loyalty

  • Less attrition of workers (career path)


Typical worker activity
Typical Worker Activity

Current

Tier II

50%

Direct Work

Direct Work

30%

Support Work

Support Work

20%

Delays

Delays


Tier ii strategy characteristics
Tier II Strategy Characteristics

  • Higher compensation for workers (wages & duration on site)

  • Fewer workers on site (less peak and turnover)

  • Different journeyman/helper mix

  • Higher worker craft skills (certified)

  • Multiskilled workers (certified)

  • Administration-skilled workers (certified) (computers, planning, scheduling, controls, etc.)

  • Less supervision/higher worker autonomy

  • Appropriate management approach (certified)


How to accomplish
How to Accomplish?

  • Phase in over time

  • Pilot projects for Tier I & Tier II strategies

  • Assessment/monitoring of effectiveness

  • Metrics



Purpose of metric
Purpose of Metric

  • Measure Effectiveness

  • Provide Guidance for Implementation


Expected results
Expected Results

Construction Success

0

10

Tier II Project Index

(Level of Implementation)


Tier ii project index
Tier II Project Index

  • Necessary Elements

  • Quantification


Tier ii project index1
Tier II Project Index

Value

Worker Capabilities

Technical Skills 2.0

Management Skills 2.0

Project Execution

Information Technology Utilization 2.0

Craft Utilization 2.0

Organization 2.0

10.0

Maximum Total


Tier ii project index2
Tier II Project Index

Craft Technical Skills Index* (Max = 2.0)

Craft Certification

Technical Experience

Continuous Training

* For key crafts


Tier ii project index3
Tier II Project Index

Craft Management Skills Index* (Max = 2.0)

Administrative

Computer

Planning

Job Management

Work Record

* For key crafts


Tier ii project index4
Tier II Project Index

Information Technology Utilization Index (Max = 2.0)

Integrated Information Access

Hardware


Tier ii project index5
Tier II Project Index

Craft Utilization Index (Max = 2.0)

Crew Mix

Use of Multiskilled Workers

Worker Turnover Ratio


Tier ii project index6
Tier II Project Index

Organization Index (Max = 2.0)

Communications

High Performance Work Place


Tier ii project index7
Tier II Project Index

Value

Worker Capabilities

Technical Skills 2.0

Management Skills 2.0

Project Execution

Information Technology Utilization 2.0

Craft Utilization 2.0

Organization 2.0

10.0

Maximum Total


Expected results1
Expected Results

Construction Success

0

10

Tier II Project Index

(Level of Implementation)


Work force needs1
Work Force Needs

Work Force Needs

Total

Tier I

Unstructured

Tier II

Time


Implementation sessions
Implementation Sessions

Moderator

Randy Evans, BE&K


Implementation sessions1
Implementation Sessions

Agenda:

  • Elaboration of Two-Tier Concept

  • Tier II Elements and Metrics

  • Example Demonstration

  • Participant Input


Your duty
Your Duty

Come to Implementation Session

Volunteer

Pilot Projects


Construction Project Improvement Conference

2001: A Construction OdysseyTrends and Perspectives

Construction Industry Institute

Austin, Texas


ad