Wyoming oil gas permitting and new rule policy revisions
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Wyoming Oil & Gas Permitting and New Rule/Policy Revisions. WESTAR Oil & Gas Conference October 2008 Lori Bocchino. Current Permitting. BACT for Compressor Engines NO x Review on a case by case basis; and have seen a range of 0.7-1.5 g/hp-hr for NO x VOC

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Wyoming oil gas permitting and new rule policy revisions

Wyoming Oil & Gas Permitting and New Rule/Policy Revisions

WESTAR Oil & Gas Conference

October 2008

Lori Bocchino


Current permitting

Current Permitting

  • BACT for Compressor Engines

    • NOx

      • Review on a case by case basis; and have seen a range of 0.7-1.5 g/hp-hr for NOx

    • VOC

      • For engines >100 hp, 0.7 g/hp-hr for VOC due to Subpart JJJJ and ozone concerns

  • Presumptive BACT Guidance for Wellsite Production Facilities

    • Statewide requirements

    • Jonah-Pinedale area requirements

    • Current version applies to all wells spudded or facilities modified on/after September 1, 2007.

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Submission installation dates

Submission/Installation Dates

  • Permit Applications  90 days after First Production

  • Prescribed Controls

    • 60 days after First Production

    • Upon First Production in Jonah-Pinedale

  • Completion Reports  60 days after First Production

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


First date of production fdp

First Date of Production (FDP):

  • The date permanent production equipment is in place and product is flowing to sales lines, gathering lines or storage tanks. Production occurring during well completion activities which is routed to temporary production equipment is considered to occur prior to the FDP. If extended periods of time pass between zone completions and production from initially completed zones is flowing to permanent production equipment, the FDP is the date when production began flowing to the permanent equipment, even though more zones will be completed later.

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Current bact guidance

Current BACT Guidance

Statewide

Jonah-Pinedale

  • Dehys:

    • Projected potential emissions ≥ 5 TPY HAPs or 15 TPY VOCs

    • 98% control w/in 60 days of FDP

  • Condensate tanks:

    • Projected potential emissions ≥ 20 TPY VOC

    • 98% control w/ in 60 days of FDP

    • Control may be removed after one year if emissions have declined to < 15 TPY VOCs

    • BACT review required if total VOC > 15 TPY

  • Dehys:

    • 98% control upon FDP

  • Condensate tanks:

    • 98% control upon FDP

    • Control may be removed after one year if flash emissions have declined to < 15 TPY VOCs

  • Pneumatic Heat Trace/Hot Glycol Circulation Pumps:

    • Discharge lines w/HC motive gas route into fuel gas supply or to a closed/controlled system upon FDP.

    • BACT review required if total VOC from any source > 15 TPY

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Presumptive bact revisions

Presumptive BACT Revisions

  • Identifying “Concentrated Development Areas”

    • More strict emissions control requirements

  • Also, new requirements for:

    • Drilling, Completions, Workovers

    • Well Site Production Equipment

    • Wellheads, Wellsites, Pipelines, Gathering System Lines

    • Truck Loading

    • Best management practices to reduce well slugging

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Drilling completions workovers

Drilling, Completions, Workovers

  • Permits for well completions/re-completions requiring “green completion” techniques.

  • Planned venting in preparation for and during workovers/downhole repairs must be flared or routed into a closed loop system or gathering/sales line.

  • (No active evaporation of fluids from “drill” pits.)

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Well site production equipment

Well Site Production Equipment

  • Produced Water Tanks

    • NEW SITES: At sites where condensate flash must be controlled, produced water tanks must be closed top w/vapors routed to the flash emissions control device upon start up.

    • MODIFIED SITES: At sites where condensate flash must be controlled, new and existing produced water tanks must be closed top and all vapors from new and existing tanks must be tied into the condensate tank emissions control upon modification to the site.

  • Pneumatic Pumps

    • NEW SITES: Discharge from natural gas activated pumps must be vented to emissions control or to a closed loop system (gas sales or collection line, fuel gas line, etc.). When routed to a fuel gas system, excess gas not used as fuel must be vented to an emissions control device.

    • MODIFIED SITES: New and existing natural gas-activated pumps must be controlled as above.

    • ELECTRIFIED NEW and MODIFIED SITES: All pumps must operate on instrument air.

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Well site production equipment con t

Well Site Production Equipment (con’t)

  • Pneumatic Devices

    • NEW SITES: Install no-bleed or low-bleed devices.

    • MODIFIED SITES: New devices must be no-bleed or low-bleed. Existing high-bleed* devices must be retrofit/replaced with no-bleed or low-bleed.

    • ELECTRIFIED NEW and MODIFIED SITES: All devices must operated on instrument air.

  • Condensate/Oil Tanks

    • Tank vapors controlled upon start up. Controls may be removed after one year if VOC emissions, based on actual production rates, have declined to < 10 TPY.

  • Dehydration Units

    • Reboiler still vent and glycol flash separator vapors must be controlled upon start up.

      * Natural Gas STAR Program: high-bleed = ≥ 6 scfh (50 Mcfy)

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Wellheads wellsites pipelines gathering system lines

Wellheads, Wellsites, Pipelines, Gathering System Lines

  • Gas associated with planned blowdown and venting episodes, including blowdown of lines to relieve fluid/ice/hydrate build-up, must be routed to a flare or closed system.

  • At sites where flashing emissions are controlled, vapors associated with automatic, intermittent blowdown/venting must be routed to the emissions control or to a closed system.

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Truck loading well venting blowdown

Truck Loading, Well Venting/Blowdown

  • Truck Loading

    • Where tank emissions are controlled, route vapors displaced during truck loading to the tank emissions control or other vapor balancing system.

  • Well Venting/Blowdown

    • When the gas flow velocity from a well is not sufficient to lift reservoir liquids, eliminate well venting and blowdown to the atmosphere in order to expel the wellbore liquids by:

      • Installing velocity tubing strings (smaller ID tubing)

      • Installing plunger lift systems

    • When these options are not achievable, any gas vented or blown down to restore gas production must be flared or captured.

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Drill rig engine permitting

Drill Rig Engine Permitting

  • VOLUNTARY partnership between industry and AQD.

    • Met with several operators to see how permitting will fit their drilling plans.

  • BAT required in Jonah Infill ROD; permitting required in Pinedale Anticline ROD.

  • Not looking to control emissions every rig.

  • Full development drilling may have different requirements than exploratory drilling.

  • Demonstration period for exploring different control measures.

    • EnCana found that switching to natural gas not only lowered emissions, but was more economical.

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Sublette county ozone response

Sublette County Ozone Response

  • AQD can no longer conclude that increases in NOX and/or VOC in Sublette County can be justified

  • Interim permitting policy has been implemented on July 21, 2008

    • All applications will require a demonstration that the proposed facility will not prevent attainment or maintenance of an air quality standard

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Interim permitting policy

Interim Permitting Policy

  • Three options

    • Modeling

    • Offsets

    • Alternate demonstrations

  • AQD expects that offsets for VOC and/or NOX emissions is the most practical demonstration


Interim policy con t

Interim Policy (con’t.)

  • Offset must be in Sublette County

  • Offset must be enforceable or approved by AQD

  • Reductions must occur after 4/1/08

  • Offset Ratios

    • For applications submitted prior to August 1, 2008:

      • 1:1 offsets for NOX and VOCs

    • For applications received after August 1, 2008:

      • Offset of 1.5:1 for VOC and 1.1:1 for NOX


Other efforts in sublette county

Other efforts in Sublette County

  • Request for voluntary reductions

  • Implementation of PAPA ROD

    • NOX reductions required

    • Liquids gathering required

    • Ozone modeling and mitigation

  • Non-voluntary initiatives

    • May be through nonattainment SIP

    • Develop models then strategies

Wyoming DEQ 10/08


Questions

Questions?


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