THE SIMPLE SENTENCE. Key Concepts: Phrase, Clause, Sentence, Simple Sentence, Complex Sentence, Compound Sentence. PHRASE : a syntactic construction which typically contains more than one word, but which lacks the subject-predicate structure usually found in a clause. Examples:.
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Key Concepts: Phrase, Clause, Sentence, Simple Sentence, Complex Sentence, Compound Sentence.
PHRASE: a syntactic construction which typically contains more than one word, but which lacks the subject-predicate structure usually found in a clause.
Terribly slowly (adverb phrase)
Easy to please (adjective phrase)
Would have been repaired (verb phrase)
A large user of aluminium alloys (noun phrase)
At the same time (prepositional phrase)
CLAUSE: a structural unit smaller than a sentence but larger than phrases or words. Clauses are made up out of elements, each expressing a particular kind of meaning. Subject and predicate are the two main elements of a clause.
…who had been waiting.
…when Adriana dropped the plates.
…because the sky is blue.
Adjective clauses begin with relative pronouns such as who, whose, which and that.
Adverb clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions such asafter, because, till, if, and when.
When she pressed the button the lift stopped.
a group of words beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop that expresses a statement, command, question or exclamation. A sentence consists of one or more clauses:
* Can you read Latin?
* She spent her senior year in the Lansing Manufacturing Area.
*They came down the last hundred yards, moving carefully from tree to tree in the shadows and now, through the last pines of the steep hillside, the bridge was only fifty yards away.
*The cat will scratch you if you pull her tail.
a simple sentence has one independent clause, and no subordinate clauses:
He stays in hotels, or he visits friends.
Franz speaks German but Julio speaks French.
*Two chief hallmarks of the traditional era account for much of the negative reaction which can arise when people talk about the subject of grammar.
*The ship will leave in a few minutes.
*Traditional grammars recognized four types of sentence function.