Superconductivity UK. Cables, SMES, Synchronous Condensers and grid stability. Dr. Philip Sargent, Diboride Conductors Ltd. R&D. Demonstration. Pre-commercial. Supported commercial. Commercial. Large-scale Innovation. Technology push. Market pull.
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Cables, SMES, Synchronous Condensers and grid stability
Dr. Philip Sargent, Diboride Conductors Ltd.
UK Innovation Systems for New and Renewable Energy Technologies, June 2003. ICCEPT
>100 GW dc, >1000 km !
National Climate Change Technology Initiative (NCCTI – “Necktie”)
“Absolutely Zero GHG Emissions by 2050”
George W. Bush
P.M. Grant, The Industrial Physicist, Fall Issue, 2001
Higher thermal loss
No stray field
Low thermal loss
Cheaper to make
“Modifying cooling temperature with refrigeration, transfer capability can be increased 30-50%”
Mansoldo, Jan.2002, PES-IEEE NY.
pre-commercial: R&D, prototypes, field-testsemerging marketmature market
$38b by 2020
10 MVAR, 13.8 kV at 60 Hertz
5MW USNavy motor
36MW motor design
Mårten Sjöström and Diego Politano, ASC 2000
Assumed market growth rates