Objectives. Classifications and definitions of the types of unexpected deaths.Preliminary steps in the investigation.Scene investigation.The postmortem examination.. Definitions and classifications
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1. Sudden Natural Death
2. Objectives Classifications and definitions of the types of unexpected deaths.
Preliminary steps in the investigation.
The postmortem examination.
3. Definitions and classifications… SD is defined as a natural, unexpected fatal event, in an apparently healthy subject or one whose disease was not so severe enough as to predict such an abrupt outcome.
Death occur within 24 hrs of the onset of symptoms.
Most of such deaths die in minutes or even seconds of the onset of symptoms.
¤¤ Its difficult to find the exact classification of sudden unexpected deaths , the problem comes from the definitions of both sudden and unexpected.
4. The aim of classifying the death into sudden and unexpected death is to remove the ones that are epidemic and traumatic.
The more unexpected the death, the less reliable the information will be due to the shock of death
5. Preliminary steps in the investigation Clinical and investigation information:
Death can be certified by an attending physician that has seen the patient recently, and is convinced that the death was caused by lethal disease that he knew the patient was suffering from.
When the physician can’t certify that the death was caused by the disease, then medicolegal investigations must be done.
Sometimes even after autopsy, the cause of death may still be unknown.
6. Scene Investigation Examination at the scene of the death may present potential solutions to the problems of the death’s classification.
Any suggestion for “foul play”
Eliminate suggestions of electrocution.
Evidence of planning for death( ex. suicide notes)
Evidence of medication containers.
7. Examples : Electrocution Sucide
8. Special procedures Photographs.
Collection and preservation of evidence and/or specimen.
9. Special problems Special problems arise in certain cases and situations, because they require more investigation than usual, and because they have the most potential for serious error:
No cause of death.
Deaths in police custody and police shootings.
10. Postmortem Examination There should be careful examination of :
External surface :
For evidence of injury and resuscitation.
Internal examination :
Will be extremely important in a death considered sudden and unexpected.
11. Causes of SND Cardiovascular system diseases.
Respiratory system diseases.
Gastrointestinal system diseases.
Gynecological system diseases.
Central nervous system diseases.
12. 1. Cardiovascular System Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of sudden unexpected deaths in adults.
It is the leading cause of deaths in MEN between 20-65 years of age.
Most of cardiovascular diseases related deaths are mainly due to coronary atherosclerosis.
13. A-Heart Diseases Coronary artery disease.
Hypertensive heart disease.
Valvular heart diseases.
14. Myocarditis Many infective diseases produce an acute myocarditis which may be an acute cause of death.
More important is isolated myocarditis where the condition is primary and usually of unknown origin.
The criteria for the diagnosis is to find inflammatory and infiltrative degenerative or necrotic myocytes.
Viruses (eg. Influenza) infections are the most common cause of myocarditis.
16. Infective endocarditis The commonest cause are various types of bacteria, though viruses and other microorganism may also be responsible. the symptoms are often vague, so the condition may not be diagnosed during life.
18. B- vascular disease Ruptured atheromatous aortic aneurysm.
Dissecting aortic aneurysm.
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