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Section 508 Subpart B Compliance Report. Scott Idem Disability Support Services March 23, 2005. Our Charge. What does it mean to be Section 508-B compliant? What is the condition of the current university web presence? What will it take to bring the university web presence into compliance?.

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section 508 subpart b compliance report

Section 508 Subpart B Compliance Report

Scott Idem

Disability Support Services

March 23, 2005

our charge
Our Charge
  • What does it mean to be Section 508-B compliant?
  • What is the condition of the current university web presence?
  • What will it take to bring the university web presence into compliance?
about section 508
About Section 508
  • What does it mean to be Section 508-B compliant?
    • Section 508:
      • Passed in 1998
      • Requires Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities
      • Provide comparable access to information for federal employee and private citizens
      • Develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology
    • Subpart B – web-sites and online information
      • Alternate text for images and JavaScript
      • Synchronized captions for audio, video, and other multimedia
1194 22 web based intranet and internet information and applications

About Section 508

§ 1194.22 Web-based intranet and internet information and applications.
  • A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided (e.g., via "alt", "longdesc", or in element content).
  • Equivalent alternatives for any multimedia presentation shall be synchronized with the presentation.
  • Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also available without color, for example from context or markup.
  • Documents shall be organized so they are readable without requiring an associated style sheet.
  • Redundant text links shall be provided for each active region of a server-side image map.
  • Client-side image maps shall be provided instead of server-side image maps except where the regions cannot be defined with an available geometric shape.
  • Row and column headers shall be identified for data tables.
  • Markup shall be used to associate data cells and header cells for data tables that have two or more logical levels of row or column headers.
  • Frames shall be titled with text that facilitates frame identification and navigation.
  • Pages shall be designed to avoid causing the screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz.
  • A text-only page, with equivalent information or functionality, shall be provided to make a web site comply with the provisions of this part, when compliance cannot be accomplished in any other way. The content of the text-only page shall be updated whenever the primary page changes.
  • When pages utilize scripting languages to display content, or to create interface elements, the information provided by the script shall be identified with functional text that can be read by assistive technology.
  • When a web page requires that an applet, plug-in or other application be present on the client system to interpret page content, the page must provide a link to a plug-in or applet that complies with §1194.21(a) through (l).
  • When electronic forms are designed to be completed on-line, the form shall allow people using assistive technology to access the information, field elements, and functionality required for completion and submission of the form, including all directions and cues.
  • A method shall be provided that permits users to skip repetitive navigation links.
  • When a timed response is required, the user shall be alerted and given sufficient time to indicate more time is required.
nc senate bill 866

About Section 508

NC Senate Bill 866
  • Passed October 2002
  • Guarantees the right of persons with disabilities in accessing electronic information, including Web sites, computers in public libraries, etc.
  • Requires compliance by municipalities, counties, community colleges, universities and any agencies in state government.
  • Must make electronic media accessible.
unc web accessibility steering committee report

About Section 508

UNC Web Accessibility Steering Committee Report
  • April 22, 2002 (Revised July, 2002)
  • Essentially says follow the same rules as Section 508
  • Recommendations that apply specifically to ECU:
    • leaders familiar with web accessibility issues
    • adopt policy establishing requirements for making web pages accessible
    • assign executive staff member seeing policy is followed
    • develop and disseminate web accessibility guidelines
    • web page training include ways to address accessibility
    • accessibility requirements included in ECU’s technical architecture standards and purchasing guidelines
    • bring existing web pages into compliance
disability types

About Section 508

Disability Types
  • Visual – blindness, low vision, color-blindness
  • Hearing – deafness
  • Motor – inability to use a mouse, lack of fine muscle control
  • Cognitive – including reading disorders, learning disabilities, ADHD
summary of design issues

About Section 508

Summary of Design Issues
  • Summary: Considering the user perspective: a summary of design issues
    • Site: webaim.org/techniques/
  • Find most problems:
    • Use keyboard only
    • Alternate text for images
    • Captions for media
universal design

About Section 508

Universal Design
  • Individuals with disabilities
    • aural (blind, visually impaired)
    • Braille (blind)
    • embossed (blind)
    • TTY (deaf, hearing impaired)
  • Also non-standard devices
    • handheld (PDAs, cell phones)
    • print
    • projection
    • TV (WebTV)
  • Easy conversion to different formats
current condition
Current Condition
  • What is the condition of the current university web presence?
    • ECU\'s main page nearly Section 508 compliant
      • Skip navigation link
    • Not Compliant
      • College or School\'s main page
        • one is close
        • most academic departmental main pages are not
      • Staff Departmental main pages
        • only one is
      • OneStop
      • Blackboard 5.5
bring into compliance
Bring Into Compliance
  • What will it take to bring the university web presence into compliance?
    • A, E, F – alternate text for images and image maps
      • many but easy to fix
    • B – synchronize multimedia with text (i.e. caption)
      • few but very time consuming
    • M – link to applets and plug-ins
      • PDF, DOC, XLS, etc
    • N – forms
      • link fields with labels
    • O – skip navigation links
      • skip to content links at the top
easy to test for

Bring Into Compliance

Easy to test for.
  • A, E, F – alternate text for images and image maps
  • B – synchronize multimedia with text (i.e. caption)
  • M – link to applets and plug-ins
  • N - forms
  • O – skip navigation links
not easy to test for

Bring Into Compliance

Not easy to test for.
  • C – use of color
    • color blindness, low vision, high contrast
  • K – text-only page
    • is this really needed?
    • should only be used as a last resort
  • I – text alternative
    • JavaScript – provide functional text that can be read by assistive technology
    • <noscript> tag
recommendation
Recommendation
  • Follow Section 508 Subpart B in it’s entirety
  • Apply to all academic and administrative content created by university
  • Compliant by January 2005
    • required by UNC Accessibility Steering Committee Report in 2002)
education plan
Education Plan
  • Establish awareness of disability issues and universal design
  • Workshops and/or presentations
  • Website training classes
    • University policy
    • Explain guideline elements
    • Examples
    • Best practices
  • Training related to web sites and online information include Section 508-B training
evaluation plan
Evaluation Plan
  • Re-evaluate by Spring 2005
  • Report back to IRCC
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