Managing the Crime and Security Agenda within the Caribbean Community
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Managing the Crime and Security Agenda within the Caribbean Community By Colonel (Retd) Fairbairn Liverpool CARICOM Secretariat At Working Group Session for the First Meeting of Public Safety Ministers of the Americas 14 August 2008. OUTLINE. What is the Caribbean Community (CARICOM)

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Managing the Crime and Security Agenda within the Caribbean Community

By

Colonel (Retd) Fairbairn Liverpool

CARICOM Secretariat

At

Working Group Session for the

First Meeting of

Public Safety Ministers of the Americas

14 August 2008


Outline
OUTLINE Community

  • What is the Caribbean Community (CARICOM)

  • The main threats to public security

  • Caribbean Security- A Historical Perspective

  • CARICOM’s response to the threats

  • New Architecture to manage Crime and Security

  • Current regional security initiatives

  • Challenges facing the Caribbean Sub-Region

  • The Way Forward


EUROPE Community

TRANSIT ZONE

TRANSIT ZONE


Caribbean security a historical perspective
Caribbean SECURITY - A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE Community

  • National-based security focus and included bilateral security cooperation except for RSS (MOU in 82 & Treaty in 96)

  • Collaborating with Int’l Partners with different agendas

    • ACCP, CCLEC, CFATF, CICAD, EU, UNODC

  • Barbados Plan of Action May 1996

  • Hemispheric Security Strategy Oct 1996

  • Bridgetown Declaration May 1997

  • EU/LAC Cooperation in Security 1999

  • Third Border Initiative 2001

  • US strategic perspective of Principle of ‘Defence in Depth’ – Bilateral ‘ship-rider’ Agreements


Regional task force on crime and security
REGIONAL TASK FORCE ON CRIME AND SECURITY Community

  • Mandate

    • Examine the main causes of crime

    • Recommendations for a coordinated response

  • Composition

    • Reps from Member States

    • ACCP, RSS,CCLEC, CFATF, UWI and Sects.

    • Chaired by TT

  • Reported in July 2002


Causes of crime and violence
CAUSES OF CRIME AND VIOLENCE Community

  • Poverty

  • Unemployment

  • Social marginalization and inequality

  • Illegal drug trade

  • Corruption

  • Trafficking in illegal firearms

  • Deportation of criminals

  • Ineffectiveness of the criminal justice systems


Crime prevention strategic framework
CRIME PREVENTION STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK Community

  • Primary Prevention – systematic treatment of root causes

    • Progs of poverty alleviation and reintegration of marginalized communities

  • Secondary Prevention - make communities more resilient to criminality

    • Reducing opportunities for crime

  • Tertiary Prevention – Strengthening institutions responsible for responding to crime

    • Provision of improved training, technology, equipment Police & Prison reform etc


Challenges of implementation
CHALLENGES OF IMPLEMENTATION Community

  • Absence of a clear regional political mandate

  • Limited implementation capacity

  • Access to resources

  • Uncoordinated int’l support

  • No clear national crime & security strategy

  • No clear regional security strategy


FRAMEWORK FOR MANAGING Community

REGIONAL CRIME AND SECURITY

Standing

Committee

Commissioners

of Police

Standing

Committee

Chiefs of

Immigration

Standing

Committee

Military Heads

Standing

Committee

Chiefs of

Customs

Standing Committee

Heads of Intel

& Financial

Investigations

CONFERENCE OF HEADS

OF GOVERNMENT

PRIME MINISTER RESPONSIBLE FOR

REGIONAL SECURITY

Council of Ministers Responsible for

National Security and Law Enforcement

Ministerial Sub – Committee On Resource

Mobilisation and Implementation

Security Policy Advisory Committee

(SEPAC)

Implementation Agency for Crime

And Security (IMPACS)

CIMA


Current security initiatives
CURRENT SECURITY INITIATIVES Community

  • Advanced passenger and cargo info system (APIS & ACIS) under JRCC

  • Intelligence sharing through RIFC

    • Regional integrated ballistic information network (RIBIN)

  • The Treaty on Security Assistance

    • COPACS

  • Regional Investigative Management Systems (RIMS)

  • Legislative reform

    • Arrest Warrant Treaty

    • Maritime and Airspace Cooperation Agreement

  • Initiating wider Caribbean Military Cooperation


Wider caribbean military cooperation
WIDER CARIBBEAN MILITARY COOPERATION Community

  • Maritime and Airspace Security Cooperation

  • Disaster Preparedness and Response

  • Interconnectivity of systems and existing mechanisms

  • Training and capacity building

  • Cooperation in managing major events security e.g. V-SOA & CHOGM in 09

  • Cooperation in info & int sharing

  • Formalizing CARICOM-JIATF South relationship

  • Conduct of joint multilateral command estimate on the illegal trafficking issues affecting the Region

  • Formation of working groups to address results of the command estimate

  • Identification of available resources available to counter illegal trafficking in the Region


Challenges facing caribbean sub region
CHALLENGES CommunityFACINGCARIBBEAN SUB-REGION

  • Limited security cooperation between CARICOM, the wider Caribbean and Latin America

  • Lack of awareness of security challenges and perspectives of wider Caribbean and LA neighbours

  • Language barriers

  • Absence of communication channels


The way forward
THE WAY FORWARD Community

  • Identification of hemispheric and wider Caribbean security platforms for engagement at the political, administrative and operational levels

  • Review status of bilateral MOU between CARICOM States and LA Partners

  • Focus on information and intelligence sharing

  • Maritime and air space security



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